Brihat, aka: Bṛhat; 7 Definition(s)


Brihat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bṛhat can be transliterated into English as Brhat or Brihat, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Bṛhat (बृहत्) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “lofty”, “solid”, “abundant” etc., and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhitā or the Carakasaṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Brihat in Purana glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

1a) Bṛhat (बृहत्).—sāmans having the metrical form of Bṛhatī; for śrāddha;1 in connection with installing a new image.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 17. 38.
  • 2) Ib. 265. 27.

1b) A son of Mantraśarīra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 5.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bṛhat (बृहत्).—The place of Bṛhaspati in the maṇḍala.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 59.

1b) A Jayādeva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 6.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bṛhat (बृहत्) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.53) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bṛhat) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

bṛhat (बृहत्).—a Large, bulky, big.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bṛhat (बृहत्).—a. (- f.) [बृह्-अति (bṛh-ati)]

1) Large, great, big, bulky; वितरति बृहदश्मा पर्वतः प्रीतिमक्ष्णोः (vitarati bṛhadaśmā parvataḥ prītimakṣṇoḥ) Māl.9.5.

2) Wide, broad, extensive, far-extended; दिलीपसूनोः स बृहद्भुजान्तरम् (dilīpasūnoḥ sa bṛhadbhujāntaram) R.3.54.

3) Vast, ample, abundant.

4) Strong, powerful.

5) Long, tall; देवदारुबृहद्भुजः (devadārubṛhadbhujaḥ) Ku.6.51.

6) Fullgrown.

7) Compact, dense.

8) Eldest, or oldest.

9) Bright.

1) Clear, loud (as sound). -m. Name of Viṣṇu; अणुर्बृहन् कृशः स्थूलः (aṇurbṛhan kṛśaḥ sthūlaḥ) V. Sah. -f. Speech; शिष्याय बृहतां पत्युः प्रस्तावमदिशद्दृशा (śiṣyāya bṛhatāṃ patyuḥ prastāvamadiśaddṛśā) Śi.2.68.

-tī 1 A large lute.

2) The lute of Nārada.

3) A symbolical expression for the number 'thirty-six'.

4) A part of the body between the breast and backbone.

5) A mantle, wrapper.

6) A reservoir.

7) The egg-plant.

8) Name of a metre.

9) A speech; दक्षां पृश्निं बृहतीं विप्रकृष्टां (dakṣāṃ pṛśniṃ bṛhatīṃ viprakṛṣṭāṃ) ...... गङ्गां गता ये त्रिदिवं गतास्ते (gaṅgāṃ gatā ye tridivaṃ gatāste) Mb.13.26.86; अनन्तपारां बृहतीं सृजत्याक्षिपते स्वयम् (anantapārāṃ bṛhatīṃ sṛjatyākṣipate svayam) Bhāg.11.21.4. -n.

1) The Veda; जामदग्न्योऽपि (jāmadagnyo'pi) ...... वर्तयिष्यति वै बृहत् (vartayiṣyati vai bṛhat) Bhāg.9.16.25.

2) Name of a Sāman; बृहत्साम तथा साम्नां गायत्री छन्दसामहम् (bṛhatsāma tathā sāmnāṃ gāyatrī chandasāmaham) Bg.1.35; cf. Ch. Up.2.14.1.

3) Brahman; बृहदुपलब्धमेतदवयन्त्यवशेषतया (bṛhadupalabdhametadavayantyavaśeṣatayā) Bhāg.1.87.15.

4) Devoted celibacy (naiṣṭhika brahmacaryam); सावित्रं प्राजापत्यं च ब्राह्मं चाथ बृहत्तथा (sāvitraṃ prājāpatyaṃ ca brāhmaṃ cātha bṛhattathā) Bhāg.3.12.42. (bṛhat, bṛhatā ind.

1) Greatly, highly.

2) Clearly, brightly)

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bṛhat (बृहत्).—mfn. (-han hantī hat) See vṛhat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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