Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.291.3

त्वं हि ज्ञाननिधिर्विप्रैरुच्यसे वेदपारगैः ।
ऋषिभिश्च महाभागैर्यतिभिश्च महात्मभिः ॥ ३ ॥

tvaṃ hi jñānanidhirviprairucyase vedapāragaiḥ |
ṛṣibhiśca mahābhāgairyatibhiśca mahātmabhiḥ || 3 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...knowledge and acts belong to him, although in reality he has no senses. Indeed, though unequipt with body, he imagines that he has a body. Though destitute of attributes, he regards himself as endued therewith...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.291.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tva, Yushmad, Jnananidhi, Vipra, Vedaparaga, Rishi, Mahabhaga, Yati, Yatin, Mahatman,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.291.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tvaṃ hi jñānanidhirviprairucyase vedapāragaiḥ
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • jñānanidhir -
  • jñānanidhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • viprair -
  • vipra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    vipra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ucyase -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [present passive second single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [present passive second single]
  • vedapāragaiḥ -
  • vedapāraga (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “ṛṣibhiśca mahābhāgairyatibhiśca mahātmabhiḥ
  • ṛṣibhiś -
  • ṛṣi (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahābhāgair -
  • mahābhāga (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    mahābhāga (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • yatibhiś -
  • yati (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    yatin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    yati (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahātmabhiḥ -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    mahātman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.291.3

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.291.3 in Kannada sript:
ತ್ವಂ ಹಿ ಜ್ಞಾನನಿಧಿರ್ವಿಪ್ರೈರುಚ್ಯಸೇ ವೇದಪಾರಗೈಃ ।
ಋಷಿಭಿಶ್ಚ ಮಹಾಭಾಗೈರ್ಯತಿಭಿಶ್ಚ ಮಹಾತ್ಮಭಿಃ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.291.3 in Bengali sript:
ত্বং হি জ্ঞাননিধির্বিপ্রৈরুচ্যসে বেদপারগৈঃ ।
ঋষিভিশ্চ মহাভাগৈর্যতিভিশ্চ মহাত্মভিঃ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.291.3 in Gujarati sript:
ત્વં હિ જ્ઞાનનિધિર્વિપ્રૈરુચ્યસે વેદપારગૈઃ ।
ઋષિભિશ્ચ મહાભાગૈર્યતિભિશ્ચ મહાત્મભિઃ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.291.3 in Malayalam sript:
ത്വം ഹി ജ്ഞാനനിധിര്വിപ്രൈരുച്യസേ വേദപാരഗൈഃ ।
ഋഷിഭിശ്ച മഹാഭാഗൈര്യതിഭിശ്ച മഹാത്മഭിഃ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.291.3 in Telugu sript:
త్వం హి జ్ఞాననిధిర్విప్రైరుచ్యసే వేదపారగైః ।
ఋషిభిశ్చ మహాభాగైర్యతిభిశ్చ మహాత్మభిః ॥ ౩ ॥

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