Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.291.2

अक्षरक्षरयोर्व्यक्तिमिच्छाम्यरिनिषूदन ।
उपलब्धुं महाबाहो तत्त्वेन कुरुनन्दन ॥ २ ॥

akṣarakṣarayorvyaktimicchāmyariniṣūdana |
upalabdhuṃ mahābāho tattvena kurunandana || 2 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...action beginning with speech, uniting with the attributes of Sattva and Rajas and Tamas, become engaged in numerous object. Jiva imagines that it is he who does the acts of his life and that the senses of knowledge...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.291.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Akshara, Kshara, Vyakti, Arin, Ishu, Udat, Upa, Mahabahu, Tattva, Kurunandana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.291.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “akṣarakṣarayorvyaktimicchāmyariniṣūdana
  • akṣara -
  • akṣara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    akṣara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṣarayor -
  • kṣara (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    kṣara (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    kṣarā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • vyaktim -
  • vyakti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • icchāmya -
  • iṣ (verb class 6)
    [present active first single]
  • arin -
  • arin (noun, neuter)
    [vocative single]
  • iṣū -
  • iṣu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    i (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • udan -
  • ud -> udat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ud class 6 verb], [vocative single from √ud class 6 verb]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “upalabdhuṃ mahābāho tattvena kurunandana
  • upa -
  • upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
  • labdhum -
  • labh -> labdhum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √labh]
  • mahābāho -
  • mahābāhu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    mahābāhu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • tattvena -
  • tattva (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • kurunandana -
  • kurunandana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.291.2

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.291.2 in Kannada sript:
ಅಕ್ಷರಕ್ಷರಯೋರ್ವ್ಯಕ್ತಿಮಿಚ್ಛಾಮ್ಯರಿನಿಷೂದನ ।
ಉಪಲಬ್ಧುಂ ಮಹಾಬಾಹೋ ತತ್ತ್ವೇನ ಕುರುನನ್ದನ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.291.2 in Bengali sript:
অক্ষরক্ষরযোর্ব্যক্তিমিচ্ছাম্যরিনিষূদন ।
উপলব্ধুং মহাবাহো তত্ত্বেন কুরুনন্দন ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.291.2 in Gujarati sript:
અક્ષરક્ષરયોર્વ્યક્તિમિચ્છામ્યરિનિષૂદન ।
ઉપલબ્ધું મહાબાહો તત્ત્વેન કુરુનન્દન ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.291.2 in Malayalam sript:
അക്ഷരക്ഷരയോര്വ്യക്തിമിച്ഛാമ്യരിനിഷൂദന ।
ഉപലബ്ധും മഹാബാഹോ തത്ത്വേന കുരുനന്ദന ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.291.2 in Telugu sript:
అక్షరక్షరయోర్వ్యక్తిమిచ్ఛామ్యరినిషూదన ।
ఉపలబ్ధుం మహాబాహో తత్త్వేన కురునన్దన ॥ ౨ ॥

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