Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.251.7

यदाधर्मसमाविष्टो धनं गृह्णाति तस्करः ।
रमते निर्हरन्स्तेनः परवित्तमराजके ॥ ७ ॥

yadādharmasamāviṣṭo dhanaṃ gṛhṇāti taskaraḥ |
ramate nirharanstenaḥ paravittamarājake || 7 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Yoga. Knowledge assists that man in crossing (this interminable river of life and death) who pursues knowledge. That conduct, however, which men pursue after deviating from the path of knowledge, afflicts them...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.251.7). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Adharma, Samavishta, Dhana, Taskara, Ramati, Ramat, Nih, Harat, Stena, Paravitta, Arajaka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.251.7). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadādharmasamāviṣṭo dhanaṃ gṛhṇāti taskaraḥ
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • adharma -
  • adharma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • samāviṣṭo* -
  • samāviṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhanam -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • gṛhṇāti -
  • grah (verb class 9)
    [present active third single]
  • taskaraḥ -
  • taskara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “ramate nirharanstenaḥ paravittamarājake
  • ramate -
  • ramati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    ramati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    ram -> ramat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √ram class 1 verb]
    ram -> ramat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √ram class 1 verb]
    ram (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • haran -
  • hṛ -> harat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √hṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
  • stenaḥ -
  • stena (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • paravittam -
  • paravitta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • arājake -
  • arājaka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    arājaka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    arājakā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.251.7

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.251.7 in Kannada sript:
ಯದಾಧರ್ಮಸಮಾವಿಷ್ಟೋ ಧನಂ ಗೃಹ್ಣಾತಿ ತಸ್ಕರಃ ।
ರಮತೇ ನಿರ್ಹರನ್ಸ್ತೇನಃ ಪರವಿತ್ತಮರಾಜಕೇ ॥ ೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.251.7 in Bengali sript:
যদাধর্মসমাবিষ্টো ধনং গৃহ্ণাতি তস্করঃ ।
রমতে নির্হরন্স্তেনঃ পরবিত্তমরাজকে ॥ ৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.251.7 in Gujarati sript:
યદાધર્મસમાવિષ્ટો ધનં ગૃહ્ણાતિ તસ્કરઃ ।
રમતે નિર્હરન્સ્તેનઃ પરવિત્તમરાજકે ॥ ૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.251.7 in Malayalam sript:
യദാധര്മസമാവിഷ്ടോ ധനം ഗൃഹ്ണാതി തസ്കരഃ ।
രമതേ നിര്ഹരന്സ്തേനഃ പരവിത്തമരാജകേ ॥ ൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.251.7 in Telugu sript:
యదాధర్మసమావిష్టో ధనం గృహ్ణాతి తస్కరః ।
రమతే నిర్హరన్స్తేనః పరవిత్తమరాజకే ॥ ౭ ॥

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