Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.121.14

नीलोत्पलदलश्यामश्चतुर्दंष्ट्रश्चतुर्भुजः ।
अष्टपान्नैकनयनः शङ्कुकर्णोर्ध्वरोमवान् ॥ १४ ॥

nīlotpaladalaśyāmaścaturdaṃṣṭraścaturbhujaḥ |
aṣṭapānnaikanayanaḥ śaṅkukarṇordhvaromavān || 14 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...lived on it. A mouse of great wisdom, named Palita, lived at the foot of that tree, having made a hole there with a hundred outlets. On the branches of the tree there lived a cat, of the name of Lomasa, in great...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.121.14). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nilotpaladala, Shyama, Caturdamshtra, Caturbhuja, Ashtapad, Naika, Nayana, Shankukarna, Urdhvaroman, Vat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.121.14). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nīlotpaladalaśyāmaścaturdaṃṣṭraścaturbhujaḥ
  • nīlotpaladala -
  • nīlotpaladala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nīlotpaladala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śyāmaś -
  • śyāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śā (verb class 4)
    [present active first plural]
  • caturdaṃṣṭraś -
  • caturdaṃṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • caturbhujaḥ -
  • caturbhuja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “aṣṭapānnaikanayanaḥ śaṅkukarṇordhvaromavān
  • aṣṭapān -
  • aṣṭapad (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • naika -
  • naika (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    naika (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nayanaḥ -
  • nayana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śaṅkukarṇo -
  • śaṅkukarṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śaṅkukarṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ūrdhvaroma -
  • ūrdhvaroman (noun, masculine)
    ūrdhvaroman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vān -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    -> vāt (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> vāt (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.121.14

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.121.14 in Kannada sript:
ನೀಲೋತ್ಪಲದಲಶ್ಯಾಮಶ್ಚತುರ್ದಂಷ್ಟ್ರಶ್ಚತುರ್ಭುಜಃ ।
ಅಷ್ಟಪಾನ್ನೈಕನಯನಃ ಶಙ್ಕುಕರ್ಣೋರ್ಧ್ವರೋಮವಾನ್ ॥ ೧೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.121.14 in Bengali sript:
নীলোত্পলদলশ্যামশ্চতুর্দংষ্ট্রশ্চতুর্ভুজঃ ।
অষ্টপান্নৈকনযনঃ শঙ্কুকর্ণোর্ধ্বরোমবান্ ॥ ১৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.121.14 in Gujarati sript:
નીલોત્પલદલશ્યામશ્ચતુર્દંષ્ટ્રશ્ચતુર્ભુજઃ ।
અષ્ટપાન્નૈકનયનઃ શઙ્કુકર્ણોર્ધ્વરોમવાન્ ॥ ૧૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.121.14 in Malayalam sript:
നീലോത്പലദലശ്യാമശ്ചതുര്ദംഷ്ട്രശ്ചതുര്ഭുജഃ ।
അഷ്ടപാന്നൈകനയനഃ ശങ്കുകര്ണോര്ധ്വരോമവാന് ॥ ൧൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.121.14 in Telugu sript:
నీలోత్పలదలశ్యామశ్చతుర్దంష్ట్రశ్చతుర్భుజః ।
అష్టపాన్నైకనయనః శఙ్కుకర్ణోర్ధ్వరోమవాన్ ॥ ౧౪ ॥

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