Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.33.31

स विवर्मा शरैः पार्थो रुधिरेण समुक्षितः ।
क्रुद्धः सर्वायसीं शक्तिं चिक्षेपाधिरथिं प्रति ॥ ३१ ॥

sa vivarmā śaraiḥ pārtho rudhireṇa samukṣitaḥ |
kruddhaḥ sarvāyasīṃ śaktiṃ cikṣepādhirathiṃ prati || 31 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview. that battle. The welkin being covered with the shafts of Drona’s son, nothing could be seen. The vast space in front of Ashvatthama became one expanse of arrows. The welkin then, thus covered with that dense...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.33.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vivarman, Shara, Partha, Rudhira, Samukshita, Kruddha, Sarvayasi, Shakti, Adhirathi, Prati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.33.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa vivarmā śaraiḥ pārtho rudhireṇa samukṣitaḥ
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vivarmā -
  • vivarman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śaraiḥ -
  • śara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • pārtho* -
  • pārtha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rudhireṇa -
  • rudhira (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rudhira (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • samukṣitaḥ -
  • samukṣita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “kruddhaḥ sarvāyasīṃ śaktiṃ cikṣepādhirathiṃ prati
  • kruddhaḥ -
  • kruddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    krudh -> kruddha (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √krudh class 4 verb]
  • sarvāyasīm -
  • sarvāyasī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • śaktim -
  • śakti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    śakti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • cikṣepā -
  • kṣip (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṣip (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • ādhirathim -
  • ādhirathi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prati (Preverb)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.33.31

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.33.31 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ವಿವರ್ಮಾ ಶರೈಃ ಪಾರ್ಥೋ ರುಧಿರೇಣ ಸಮುಕ್ಷಿತಃ ।
ಕ್ರುದ್ಧಃ ಸರ್ವಾಯಸೀಂ ಶಕ್ತಿಂ ಚಿಕ್ಷೇಪಾಧಿರಥಿಂ ಪ್ರತಿ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.33.31 in Bengali sript:
স বিবর্মা শরৈঃ পার্থো রুধিরেণ সমুক্ষিতঃ ।
ক্রুদ্ধঃ সর্বাযসীং শক্তিং চিক্ষেপাধিরথিং প্রতি ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.33.31 in Gujarati sript:
સ વિવર્મા શરૈઃ પાર્થો રુધિરેણ સમુક્ષિતઃ ।
ક્રુદ્ધઃ સર્વાયસીં શક્તિં ચિક્ષેપાધિરથિં પ્રતિ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.33.31 in Malayalam sript:
സ വിവര്മാ ശരൈഃ പാര്ഥോ രുധിരേണ സമുക്ഷിതഃ ।
ക്രുദ്ധഃ സര്വായസീം ശക്തിം ചിക്ഷേപാധിരഥിം പ്രതി ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.33.31 in Telugu sript:
స వివర్మా శరైః పార్థో రుధిరేణ సముక్షితః ।
క్రుద్ధః సర్వాయసీం శక్తిం చిక్షేపాధిరథిం ప్రతి ॥ ౩౧ ॥

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: