Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.144.4

तावुभौ समरे शूरौ शरकण्टकिनौ तदा ।
व्यराजेतां महाराज कण्टकैरिव शाल्मली ॥ ४ ॥

tāvubhau samare śūrau śarakaṇṭakinau tadā |
vyarājetāṃ mahārāja kaṇṭakairiva śālmalī || 4 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...son, proud of his prowess and desirous of victory, cut off Bhima’s bow as soon as the latter took up one. Seeing his bows repeatedly cut off, Bhima then hurled, in that battle, a dart...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.144.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ubha, Samara, Shura, Shuri, Shara, Sharan, Kantakin, Tada, Vya, Maharaja, Maharajan, Kantaka, Iva, Shalmali, Shalmalin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.144.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tāvubhau samare śūrau śarakaṇṭakinau tadā
  • tāvu -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ubhau -
  • ubha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • samare -
  • samara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • śūrau -
  • śūra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śūri (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śūri (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • śara -
  • śara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śaran (noun, masculine)
    śaran (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kaṇṭakinau -
  • kaṇṭakin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “vyarājetāṃ mahārāja kaṇṭakairiva śālmalī
  • vya -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    vya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vi (Preverb)
  • arājetām -
  • rāj (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle third dual]
  • mahārāja -
  • mahārāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahārājan (noun, masculine)
    mahārājan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kaṇṭakair -
  • kaṇṭaka (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • śālmalī -
  • śālmalī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    śālmalin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.144.4

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.144.4 in Kannada sript:
ತಾವುಭೌ ಸಮರೇ ಶೂರೌ ಶರಕಣ್ಟಕಿನೌ ತದಾ ।
ವ್ಯರಾಜೇತಾಂ ಮಹಾರಾಜ ಕಣ್ಟಕೈರಿವ ಶಾಲ್ಮಲೀ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.144.4 in Bengali sript:
তাবুভৌ সমরে শূরৌ শরকণ্টকিনৌ তদা ।
ব্যরাজেতাং মহারাজ কণ্টকৈরিব শাল্মলী ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.144.4 in Gujarati sript:
તાવુભૌ સમરે શૂરૌ શરકણ્ટકિનૌ તદા ।
વ્યરાજેતાં મહારાજ કણ્ટકૈરિવ શાલ્મલી ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.144.4 in Malayalam sript:
താവുഭൌ സമരേ ശൂരൌ ശരകണ്ടകിനൌ തദാ ।
വ്യരാജേതാം മഹാരാജ കണ്ടകൈരിവ ശാല്മലീ ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 7.144.4 in Telugu sript:
తావుభౌ సమరే శూరౌ శరకణ్టకినౌ తదా ।
వ్యరాజేతాం మహారాజ కణ్టకైరివ శాల్మలీ ॥ ౪ ॥

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