Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.81.8

तं तु प्रत्युदियाच्छीघ्रं क्षेमधूर्तिर्महायशाः ।
विमुञ्चन्निशितान्बाणाञ्शतशोऽथ सहस्रशः ॥ ८ ॥

taṃ tu pratyudiyācchīghraṃ kṣemadhūrtirmahāyaśāḥ |
vimuñcanniśitānbāṇāñśataśo'tha sahasraśaḥ || 8 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...as he proceeded like the Destroyer himself in wrath. That scorcher of foes, viz., the son of Pandu, routing the warriors (before him), agitated that army, like a lion agitating...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.81.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shighram, Shighra, Kshemadhurti, Mahayashas, Mahayasha, Muncat, Nishita, Bana, Shatashah, Atha, Sahasrashah, Sahasrashas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.81.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “taṃ tu pratyudiyācchīghraṃ kṣemadhūrtirmahāyaśāḥ
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • pratyud -
  • pratyud (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • iyācch -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • śīghram -
  • śīghram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    śīghra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śīghra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śīghrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kṣemadhūrtir -
  • kṣemadhūrti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahāyaśāḥ -
  • mahāyaśas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    mahāyaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mahāyaśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line2: “vimuñcanniśitānbāṇāñśataśo'tha sahasraśaḥ
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • muñcan -
  • muc -> muñcat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 6 verb], [vocative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> muñcat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √muc class 6 verb], [vocative single from √muc class 6 verb], [accusative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muñc -> muñcat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muñc class 1 verb], [vocative single from √muñc class 1 verb]
    muñc -> muñcat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √muñc class 1 verb], [vocative single from √muñc class 1 verb], [accusative single from √muñc class 1 verb]
  • niśitān -
  • niśita (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • bāṇāñś -
  • bāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • śataśo' -
  • śataśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • sahasraśaḥ -
  • sahasraśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sahasraśas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.81.8

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.81.8 in Kannada sript:
ತಂ ತು ಪ್ರತ್ಯುದಿಯಾಚ್ಛೀಘ್ರಂ ಕ್ಷೇಮಧೂರ್ತಿರ್ಮಹಾಯಶಾಃ ।
ವಿಮುಞ್ಚನ್ನಿಶಿತಾನ್ಬಾಣಾಞ್ಶತಶೋಽಥ ಸಹಸ್ರಶಃ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.81.8 in Bengali sript:
তং তু প্রত্যুদিযাচ্ছীঘ্রং ক্ষেমধূর্তির্মহাযশাঃ ।
বিমুঞ্চন্নিশিতান্বাণাঞ্শতশোঽথ সহস্রশঃ ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.81.8 in Gujarati sript:
તં તુ પ્રત્યુદિયાચ્છીઘ્રં ક્ષેમધૂર્તિર્મહાયશાઃ ।
વિમુઞ્ચન્નિશિતાન્બાણાઞ્શતશોઽથ સહસ્રશઃ ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.81.8 in Malayalam sript:
തം തു പ്രത്യുദിയാച്ഛീഘ്രം ക്ഷേമധൂര്തിര്മഹായശാഃ ।
വിമുഞ്ചന്നിശിതാന്ബാണാഞ്ശതശോഽഥ സഹസ്രശഃ ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.81.8 in Telugu sript:
తం తు ప్రత్యుదియాచ్ఛీఘ్రం క్షేమధూర్తిర్మహాయశాః ।
విముఞ్చన్నిశితాన్బాణాఞ్శతశోఽథ సహస్రశః ॥ ౮ ॥

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