Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 18.88

निर्ममः शोभते धीरः समलोष्टाश्मकाञ्चनः ।
सुभिन्नहृदयग्रन्थिर्विनिर्धूतरजस्तमाः ॥ ८८ ॥

nirmamaḥ śobhate dhīraḥ samaloṣṭāśmakāñcanaḥ |
subhinnahṛdayagranthirvinirdhūtarajastamāḥ || 88 ||

The wise man excels in being without the sense of “me”. Earth, a stone or gold are the same to him. The knots of his heart have been rent asunder, and he is freed from greed and blindness.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (18.88). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nirmama, Shobhat, Dhira, Samaloshtashmakancana, Bhinnahridaya, Granthi, Vinirdhuta, Raja, Rajas, Tama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.88). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nirmamaḥ śobhate dhīraḥ samaloṣṭāśmakāñcanaḥ
  • nirmamaḥ -
  • nirmama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śobhate -
  • śubh -> śobhat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √śubh class 1 verb]
    śubh -> śobhat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √śubh class 1 verb]
    śubh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • dhīraḥ -
  • dhīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • samaloṣṭāśmakāñcanaḥ -
  • samaloṣṭāśmakāñcana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “subhinnahṛdayagranthirvinirdhūtarajastamāḥ
  • su -
  • (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    so (noun, feminine)
  • bhinnahṛdaya -
  • bhinnahṛdaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhinnahṛdaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • granthir -
  • granthi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vinirdhūta -
  • vinirdhūta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vinirdhūta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rajas -
  • rajas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rajas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    raja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tamāḥ -
  • tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 18.88

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

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