Virahotkanthita, Viraha-utkanthita: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Virahotkanthita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Virahotkanthita in Natyashastra glossary
Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Virahotkaṇṭhitā (विरहोत्कण्ठिता) refers to “one distressed by separation” and represents a type of mistress (nāyikā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. The different nāyikās, or ‘heroines’ of dramatic plays (nāṭaka) are defined according to the rules of king’s etiquette to women.

Accordingly, “a woman whose beloved one does not turn up on account of his preoccupation with many other engagements and makes her afflicted with sadness by his not coming, is a heroine (nāyikā) distressed by separation (virahotkaṇṭhitā)”.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Virahotkaṇṭhitā (विरहोत्कण्ठिता) refers to a “[heroine] distressed due to separation” and represents one of the “eight heroines” (aṣṭanāyikā) in a dramatic representation, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24 and the Abhinaya-sāra-saṃputa chapter 2.—The aṣṭanāyikās (eight heroines) who are separately described in eight ways according to their different emotional states or moods towards the hero. Chapter 24 of the Nāṭyaśāstra and chapter II of Abhinaya-sara-samputa speak of these aṣṭanāyikās [viz., Virahotkaṇṭhitā] in detail.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Virahotkanthita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Virahotkaṇṭhitā (विरहोत्कण्ठिता).—a woman distressed by the absence of her lover or husband, one of the several classes of a Nāyikā in poetic compositions; see S. D.121.

Virahotkaṇṭhitā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms viraha and utkaṇṭhitā (उत्कण्ठिता).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virahotkaṇṭhitā (विरहोत्कण्ठिता).—f.

(-tā) A woman whose lover or husband is absent. E. viraha separation, utkaṇṭhita afficted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Virahotkaṇṭhitā (विरहोत्कण्ठिता):—[viraho+tkaṇṭhitā] (tā) 1. f. A woman feeling lonely.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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