Vartaloha, Varta-loha: 5 definitions



Vartaloha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vartaloha (वर्तलोह) is the name for a variation of ‘metal’ (dhātu/loha) from the sub-group named Miśraloha, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It is also known as viḍaloha.

Vartaloha is an alloy made of four metals:

  1. loha or aśmasāra (‘iron’),
  2. kāṃsya (‘bell-metal’),
  3. tāmra or arka (‘copper’),
  4. pittala or ṛti (‘brass’).
Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5

Vartaloha (‘alloy of four metals’) can be prepared by mixing loha (iron) kāṃsya (bell-metal) arka (copper) and ṛti (brass). The scholars also call it as viḍaloha. It pacifies kapha and pittadoṣa, amla in rasa, rucikara and kṛmihara in karmas, destroys netra-rogas and gala-rogas. Everything put in this pot becomes pathya (acceptable to the body) except kṣara and amla-padārthas. These materials if put in this vessel prove best sarvadoṣahara, agni-dīptikara (stimulant to digestive fire) and pācana (digestion promotor).

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vartaloha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vartaloha (वर्तलोह).—bell-metal, a kind of brass.

Derivable forms: vartaloham (वर्तलोहम्).

Vartaloha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms varta and loha (लोह). See also (synonyms): vartatīkṣṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartaloha (वर्तलोह):—[=varta-loha] [from varta] n. a sort of brass or steel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vartaloha (वर्तलोह):—n. eine Art Messing [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1050.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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