Vargana, Vargaṇā: 6 definitions


Vargana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vargana in Kavya glossary
Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Vargaṇā (वर्गणा) refers to “accumulaton”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 10.65.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Vargaṇā (वर्गणा) refers to a “category or “class” or “group” (or the like), as used in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 5, l. 17] [p. 328, l. 5]—‘Vargaṇā’ means a category, a class, a group or the like. Here it means a group consisting of the same number of homogemous paramāṇus of matter. Paramāṇus which are found alone—in an uncombined state—not even as molecules, form the first vargaṇā. All the Aggregates (skandhas) each of which comprises two paramāṇus, form the second vargaṇā and so on. Thus we come to a vargaṇā wherein every aggregate consists of ananta-paramāṇus. Then we have a next vargaṇā, every aggregate of which has one more pradeśa-paramāṇu than that m the preceding vargaṇā the aggregates of which comprise a certain minimum number of grades as, of course ananta in number, and which, according to its pariṇāma, is not in too high a degree gross (sthūla), and which is such as can be assimilated by an embodied soul for forming an audārika body. This is the minimum audārika-vargaṇā. If one paramāṇu is added to each aggregate of this vargaṇā, we get the second audārika-vargaṇā which is somewhat fine but more compact than the preceding one. If we continue to add like this, we come across the maximum audārika-vargaṇā. If one paramāṇu is added to each aggregate of the latter, there results the minimum audārika-agrahaṇa-vargaṇā; for, this complex is not sufficiently gross, and further it contains more paramāṇus than necessary m order to be capable of being assimilated to the physical body Again a paramāṇu is added to each of these aggregates till we come to the maximum audārika-agrahaṇa-vargaṇā. On an addition of one paramāṇu more to every aggregate of this there results a vargaṇā which contains a sufficient number of paramāṇus and at the same time possesses a sufficient degree of subtlety required for being utilized for the vaikriya (transformation ) body. This is the minimum vaikriya-vargaṇā. By going on adding one paramāṇu to each of its aggregates and by repeating this process a number of times we come across the maximum vaikriya-vargaṇā. Then follow again vaikriya-agrahaṇa-vargaṇās, and then grahaṇa-vargaṇās and agrahaṇa-vargaṇās of the āhāraka (translocation) body, of the taijasa (fiery) body, of speech, of breath, of manas (the thinking organ) and of karman and, then dhruva-vargaṇās etc. Of these vargaṇās, one which can be utilized for speaking is called bhāṣā-vargaṇā. See Visesa (v. 633-641) and its commentaries.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vargaṇā (वर्गणा).—

1) Multiplication.

2) Accumulation; इति स्तुवन् हुङ्कृतिवर्गणाभिः (iti stuvan huṅkṛtivargaṇābhiḥ) N.1.65.

3) A division, class.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vargaṇā (वर्गणा):—[from varga] f. division, class, Sil.

2) [v.s. ...] multiplication, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vargaṇā (वर्गणा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Baggaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vargana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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