Vartika, Vārtika, Vartikā, Vārtīka, Vārtikā: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vartika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vartik.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Vārtika (वार्तिक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “grey partridge”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Vārtika is part of the group of birds named Lāvādi, which is a sub-group of Viṣkira, refering to “birds similar to common quail who eat while scattering the gains”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

2) Vartikā (वर्तिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “female bustard”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Vartikā is part of the group of birds named Vartakādi, which is a sub-group of Viṣkira, refering to “birds similar to common quail who eat while scattering the gains”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Vartikā (वर्तिका)—Sanskrit word for a bird, corresponding to “quail”. This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Vārtika (वार्तिक).—An additional statement which is as much authoritative as the original one to which it is appended for the purposes of correction, completion of explanation. Kātyāyana wrote about 4000 Vārttikas on the sūtras of Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Vartikā (वर्तिका, a ‘quail’) is mentioned in the Rigveda as having been saved by the Aśvins from a wolfs jaws.

India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Vārtika (वार्तिक) by Jagannātha Miśra is the name of a commentary on the Vṛttaratnākara of Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.), who was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vārtika (वार्तिक).—m A reporter, correspondent. n A supplementary explanation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vartika (वर्तिक).—A kind of quail.

Derivable forms: vartikaḥ (वर्तिकः).

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Vartikā (वर्तिका).—[vṛteḥ tikan Uṇ.3.146]

1) A paint-brush; तदुपनय चित्रफलकं चित्रवर्तिकाश्च (tadupanaya citraphalakaṃ citravartikāśca) Māl.1; अङ्गुलीक्षरणसन्नवर्तिकः (aṅgulīkṣaraṇasannavartikaḥ) R.19.19.

2) The wick of a lamp, a torch; तिलस्नेहसिक्त- यष्ट्यग्रग्रथितवर्तिका (tilasnehasikta- yaṣṭyagragrathitavartikā) Dk.2.7.

3) Colour, paint.

4) A quail; एकपक्षाक्षिचरणा वर्तिका घोरदर्शना (ekapakṣākṣicaraṇā vartikā ghoradarśanā) Mb.3.18.42; श्येनावपात- चकिता वनवर्तिकेव (śyenāvapāta- cakitā vanavartikeva) Māl.8.8.

5) A stick (yaṣṭi); पलाशवर्तिका- मेकां वहतः संहतान् पथि (palāśavartikā- mekāṃ vahataḥ saṃhatān pathi) (apaśyat) Mb.1.31.8.

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Vārtīka (वार्तीक).—A kind of quail.

Derivable forms: vārtīkaḥ (वार्तीकः).

See also (synonyms): vārtaka.

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Vārtikā (वार्तिका).—A kind of quail.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vartikā (वर्तिका).—in pāṣāṇa-v°, app. gravel: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.28.13 ff.; in 29.12 replaced by pāṣāṇa-śarkarā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartikā (वर्तिका).—[varti + kā], f. 1. The wick of a lamp. 2. Colour, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 142(?). 3. A pencil, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 199, 13; [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 19, 19; [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 21, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartikā (वर्तिका).—1. [feminine] v. vartaka.

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Vartikā (वर्तिका).—2. [feminine] stalk, wick, paint-brush.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vartikā (वर्तिका):—[from vartaka > varta] f. (See also sub voce) idem, [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata; Suśruta] (here of a different kind fr. the m.)

2) Vartika (वर्तिक):—[from varta] m. = vartaka, a quail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Vartikā (वर्तिका):—[from varta] f. ([from] 1. varti; cf. under vartaka) a stalk, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] the wick of a lamp, [Kālikā-purāṇa] (cf. yoga-v)

5) [v.s. ...] a paint-brush, [Śakuntalā] (cf. citra-v)

6) [v.s. ...] colour, paint, [ib.] ([probably] [wrong reading] for varṇikā)

7) [v.s. ...] Odina Pinnata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Vārtikā (वार्तिका):—[from vārtaka] f. idem, [ib.]

9) Vārtika (वार्तिक):—[from vārtaka] m. a kind of bird, [Vāgbhaṭālaṃkāra] (= vartika, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

10) Vārtīka (वार्तीक):—[from vārtaka] m. a kind of quail, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vartika (वर्तिक):—m. = vartaka Wachtel [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. māna .

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Vartikā (वर्तिका):—1. s. u. vartaka .

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Vartikā (वर्तिका):—2. (von varti) f. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 45, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 9, Scholiast]

1) Stengel: palāśa [Mahābhārata 1, 1443] nach der Lesart der ed. Bomb. statt vṛntikā der ed. Calc.; = dīrghayaṣṭi [Nīlakaṇṭha] —

2) Docht [Kalikāpurāṇa 68 im Śabdakalpadruma]; vgl. yogavarttikā (lies vartikā und verbessere Zauberdocht).

3) Farbenpinsel [Śākuntala 86, 17.] aṅgulīkṣaraṇasannavartika [Raghuvaṃśa 19, 19.] citra [MĀLATĪM. 21, 3.] Vgl. varṇa . —

4) Farbe (zum Malen) [Śākuntala 142] fehlerhaft für varṇikā . —

5) Odina pinnata (ajaśṛṅgī) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Vārtika (वार्तिक):—m. ein best. Vogel [VĀGBH. 6, 45.] = vartika [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — vārttika s. bes.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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