Karmana, aka: Kārmaṇa; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karmana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

Karmana in Katha glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण) refers to a charm prepared with herbs, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 11.69, 104. Yaśastilaka (chapter 3) refers to the herbs; the word is used in Maṅkhaka 3.12; in Dharmaśarmābhyudaya 15.59 and in Vatsarāja’s Kirātārjunīyavyāyoga verse 9. The word is often used in the sense of “aw magic influence”; “something that charms or captivates”, e.g., in Māgha 10.37; in Anargharāghava 3.16; in Dharmaśarmābhyudaya 17.12 and in Vikramāṅkadevacarita 8.2; 9.69. Cf also a erser quoted in Rasagaṅgādhara (Benares ed., p. 59).

Strictly speaking kārmaṇa is what is known as mūlakarma, a magic rite with roots or herbs to bring some one under the influence of another. [...] Gopīnātha in his Saṃskāraratnamālā, Vol I (Ānadāśrama ed., p. 540), while referring to certain popular observances in the bride’s chamber in a marriage, quotes a Śāṅkhāyanabhāṣya to the effect that some women practise on the occasion kārmaṇa or magical rites, which the bridegroom should avoid. These rites were most probably designed to make the bridegroom subservient to his future wife.

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Karmana in Jainism glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण).—One of the seven types kāyayoga (body activities);— What is meant by kārmaṇa-kāyayoga? Body originated due to the rise of kārmaṇa-śarīra body-making karma is called kārmaṇa-kāya. Activities of the space-points of the soul caused by the kārmaṇa-kāya are called kārmaṇa-kāyayoga.

What is the duration of the kārmaṇa-kāyayoga? It varies from a minimum of one to a maximum of three time-instants (samaya). When does kārmaṇa-kāyayoga exist? It occurs only during kevalī-samudghāta (dispersion of the space-points of the soul all over the universe without leaving the body by the omniscient) as well as during the movement of the empirical soul from old body to the new body (at the time of death).

What is the maximum duration of the kārmaṇa body? The maximum period of existence for a kārmaṇa body is seventy kotā-koti (70* 1014) ocean-measured-periods. However it varies depending of the intensity of the karmas associated.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण) refers to “karmic body” and represents one of the five types of Śarīra (body), which  represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by karmic (kārmaṇa) body (kārmaṇa) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes attainment of a kārmaṇa body (body which is a collection of the eight types of karmas and formed by kārmaṇa vargaṇās) by the soul are called kārmaṇa body body-making karma. 

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [कर्मन्-अण् (karman-aṇ)]

1) Finishing a work,

2) Doing any work well or completely.

-ṇam -karman Magic, witchcraft; निखिलनयनाकर्षणे कार्मणज्ञा (nikhilanayanākarṣaṇe kārmaṇajñā) Bv.2.79; Vikr.2.14 8.2.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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