Karmana, Kārmaṇa: 13 definitions


Karmana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Karmana in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण) refers to a charm prepared with herbs, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 11.69, 104. Yaśastilaka (chapter 3) refers to the herbs; the word is used in Maṅkhaka 3.12; in Dharmaśarmābhyudaya 15.59 and in Vatsarāja’s Kirātārjunīyavyāyoga verse 9. The word is often used in the sense of “aw magic influence”; “something that charms or captivates”, e.g., in Māgha 10.37; in Anargharāghava 3.16; in Dharmaśarmābhyudaya 17.12 and in Vikramāṅkadevacarita 8.2; 9.69. Cf also a erser quoted in Rasagaṅgādhara (Benares ed., p. 59).

Strictly speaking kārmaṇa is what is known as mūlakarma, a magic rite with roots or herbs to bring some one under the influence of another. [...] Gopīnātha in his Saṃskāraratnamālā, Vol I (Ānadāśrama ed., p. 540), while referring to certain popular observances in the bride’s chamber in a marriage, quotes a Śāṅkhāyanabhāṣya to the effect that some women practise on the occasion kārmaṇa or magical rites, which the bridegroom should avoid. These rites were most probably designed to make the bridegroom subservient to his future wife.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण).—One of the seven types kāyayoga (body activities);— What is meant by kārmaṇa-kāyayoga? Body originated due to the rise of kārmaṇa-śarīra body-making karma is called kārmaṇa-kāya. Activities of the space-points of the soul caused by the kārmaṇa-kāya are called kārmaṇa-kāyayoga.

What is the duration of the kārmaṇa-kāyayoga? It varies from a minimum of one to a maximum of three time-instants (samaya). When does kārmaṇa-kāyayoga exist? It occurs only during kevalī-samudghāta (dispersion of the space-points of the soul all over the universe without leaving the body by the omniscient) as well as during the movement of the empirical soul from old body to the new body (at the time of death).

What is the maximum duration of the kārmaṇa body? The maximum period of existence for a kārmaṇa body is seventy kotā-koti (70* 1014) ocean-measured-periods. However it varies depending of the intensity of the karmas associated.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण) refers to “karmic body” and represents one of the five types of Śarīra (body), which  represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by karmic (kārmaṇa) body (kārmaṇa) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes attainment of a kārmaṇa body (body which is a collection of the eight types of karmas and formed by kārmaṇa vargaṇās) by the soul are called kārmaṇa body body-making karma. 

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [कर्मन्-अण् (karman-aṇ)]

1) Finishing a work,

2) Doing any work well or completely.

-ṇam -karman Magic, witchcraft; निखिलनयनाकर्षणे कार्मणज्ञा (nikhilanayanākarṣaṇe kārmaṇajñā) Bv.2.79; Vikr.2.14 8.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण).—[adjective] pertaining to or sprung from actions; enchanting, bewitching ([abstract] tva [neuter]). [neuter] magic, sorcery.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kārmaṇa (कार्मण):—[from kārma] mf(ī)n. relating to or proceeding from a work or action, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] finishing a work, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] performing anything by means of magic

4) [v.s. ...] n. magic, sorcery, witchcraft, [Pāṇini 5-4, 36; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Magic. a. Doing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kārmaṇa (कार्मण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kamma, Kammaiya, Kammaga, Kammaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karmana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karmana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Karmaṇā (कर्मणा):—(adv) by deed, by action.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kārmaṇa (ಕಾರ್ಮಣ):—[adjective] relating to the work or action.

--- OR ---

Kārmaṇa (ಕಾರ್ಮಣ):—

1) [noun] a completing of a work; accomplishment.

2) [noun] an accomplishing something by charms, spells and rituals.

3) [noun] the supposed use of an evil supernatural power over people and their affairs; witchcraft; black magic; sorcery.

4) [noun] (Jain.) accumulation of the effects of one’s deeds that carries forward to the next birth.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Karmaṇā (कर्मणा):—adv. with work;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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