Svaira: 12 definitions


Svaira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Swair.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svaira (स्वैर).—a S (sva Self; dūra To go or be.) That goes whithersoever he will; that follows his own inelination; self-willed, unrestrained, uncontrolled.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svaira (स्वैर) [-rī, -री].—a Self-willed, uncontrolled.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svaira (स्वैर).—a. [svasya īram īr-ac vṛddhiḥ]

1) Following one's own will or fancy, self-willed, wanton, uncontrolled, unrestrained; बद्धमिव स्वैरगतिर्जनमिह सुखसंगिनमवैमि (baddhamiva svairagatirjanamiha sukhasaṃginamavaimi) Ś. 5.11; अव्याहतैः स्वैरगतैः स तस्याः (avyāhataiḥ svairagataiḥ sa tasyāḥ) R.2.5.

2) Free, unreserved, confidential; सत्वभङ्गभयाद्राज्ञां कथयन्त्यन्यथा पुरः । अन्यथा विवृतार्थेषु स्वैरालापेषु मन्त्रिणः (satvabhaṅgabhayādrājñāṃ kathayantyanyathā puraḥ | anyathā vivṛtārtheṣu svairālāpeṣu mantriṇaḥ) || Mu.4.8.

3) Slow, mild, gentle; Mu.1.2.

4) Dull, lazy.

5) Dependent on one's will, voluntary, optional.

-ram Wilfulness, wantonness; तत्रापि निरवरोधः स्वैरेण विहरन् (tatrāpi niravarodhaḥ svaireṇa viharan) Bhāgavata 5.14.31.

-ram -ind.

1) At will or pleasure, as one likes, at perfect ease; सार्थाः स्वैरं स्वकीयेषु चेरुर्वेश्मस्वि- वाद्रिषु (sārthāḥ svairaṃ svakīyeṣu cerurveśmasvi- vādriṣu) R.17.64.

2) Of one's own accord, spontaneously.

3) Slowly, gently, mildly; मोहे मोहे रामभद्रस्य जीवं स्वैरं स्वैरं प्रेरितैस्तर्पयेति (mohe mohe rāmabhadrasya jīvaṃ svairaṃ svairaṃ preritaistarpayeti) Uttararāmacarita 3.2.

4) Lowly, in an under-tone, inaudibly (opp. spaṣṭa); पश्चात्स्वैरं गज इति किल व्याहृतं सत्य- वाचा (paścātsvairaṃ gaja iti kila vyāhṛtaṃ satya- vācā) Ve.3.9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svaira (स्वैर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) 1. Self-willed, unrestrained. 2. Slow, lazy. 3. Voluntary, optional. 4. Going. n.

(-raṃ) Following one’s own inclination. E. sva self, īr to go or be, aff. aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svaira (स्वैर).— (from sva and īr), I. adj. 1. Self-willed, [Pañcatantra] 31, 3; of one’s own accord, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 27 (without the permission of her husband); unrestrained. 2. Slow, or refractory, [Nala] 21, 13; [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 5, 98. 3. Dependent on one’s will, unimportant, Mahābhārata 1, 1726; 1921; 3, 13573. Ii. ram, adv. 1. With one’s own will, assent, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 27; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 29, 6; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 22, 99. 2. Of one’s own accord, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 411. Iii. n. Wilfulness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svaira (स्वैर).—[adjective] moving on gently or cautiously; [neuter] [adverb] of one’s own accord, spontaneously, freely, easily, carelessly (also °— & [instrumental]); gently, slowly, cautiously; as subst. in pendence, free choice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Svaira (स्वैर):—[from sva] a mf(ā)n. ([probably] [from] sva + īra, ‘going, moving’) going where one likes, doing what one likes, self-willed, wilful, independent, unrestrained, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] walking slowly or cautiously, [Kāvya literature]

3) [v.s. ...] voluntary, optional, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] n. wilfulness, [ib.]

5) [from sva] n. unreservedly, confidingly, [ib.]

6) b and v. See p. 1279, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svaira (स्वैर):—[(raḥ-rī-raṃ) a.] Self-willed; lazy. n. Wilfulness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Svaira (स्वैर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saira, Sera.

[Sanskrit to German]

Svaira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Svaira (स्वैर) [Also spelled swair]:—(a) licentious, self-willed; —[kalpanā] fantasy; ~[cāritā] licentiousness, self-willedness; ~[cāriṇī] licentious (woman); ~[cārī] licentious (man); ~[] licentiousness, self-willedness; -[vṛtti] liberum arbitrium, self-willedness.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svaira (ಸ್ವೈರ):—

1) [adjective] self-willed; capricious; whimsical.

2) [adjective] unrestricted; unrestrained; unfettered.

3) [adjective] free; independent.

4) [adjective] lazy; indolent; slothful.

5) [adjective] not compulsory; elective; optional.

--- OR ---

Svaira (ಸ್ವೈರ):—

1) [noun] one’s free-will.

2) [noun] the quality or condition of being free, independent to act or to take decision.

3) [noun] an indolent, lazy man.

4) [noun] a slow pace.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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