Sasaka, Śaśaka, Shashaka, Shasaka: 18 definitions


Sasaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaśaka can be transliterated into English as Sasaka or Shashaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shashak.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Śaśaka: One of the Pañca-puruṣa (‘five stereotypes of men’).—According to the Viṣṇudharmottara Purāṇa (III.36.6), a śaśaka type is dark red or reddish brown in complexion, he has slightly protruding teeth, full cheeks, large eyelids and is clever. The Bṛhat Saṃhitā (69.20) explains that a person belonging to the śaśaka class, influenced by Saturn, has slightly raised and small teeth, thin nails, large pupils, brisk gait and plump cheeks. He is attached to learning pertaining to minerals and metals and is engaged in trade. He is a leader of armies, fond of sexual pleasures, addicted to others’ wives, fickle-minded, heroic, devoted to his mother and a lover of forests, mountains, rivers and fortresses. The Sārāvalī (37.8–10) adds that a śaśaka type has a small face, weak loins, long body and eyes resembling the lotus.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

Śaśaka (शशक) refers to one of the five types of men, defined according to the principles of ancient Indian Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, a specific measurement of every limb of a man as well as of a woman is elaborately and systematically discussed. According to this book, there are five types of men viz., śaśaka, [...] The complexion of śaśaka kind of man remains dark reddish.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of sasaka in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śaśaka (शशक).—A caste. Karṇa, during his triumphal tour, defeated the King of the Śaśakas. (Vana Parva, Chapter 254, Verse 21).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śaśaka (शशक) refers to a “(little) hare”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.19 (“Gaṇapati’s marriage”).—Accordingly, as Śiva and Pārvatī said to Gaṇeśa: “O son, you are a supreme soul and your thoughts are pure. What you have said is true and not otherwise. When misfortune comes, if a person is keenly intelligent, his misfortunes perish even as darkness perishes when the sun rises. He who has intelligence possesses strength as well. How can he who is devoid of intellect have strength? The proud lion was drowned in a well with a trick by a little hare (śaśaka). [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śaśaka (शशक).—The animal fit for śrāddha purposes.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 13.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of sasaka in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Śaśaka (शशक) refers to “hares” (which were commonly the victim of hunting), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting by packs of dogs is that in which dogs are let loose at hares (śaśaka) and other animals in arid tracts. In this success or otherwise depends upon the jumping of the hares and their falling into the dogs’ mouths. By their jumps and rebounds they produce abundance of laughter. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

Discover the meaning of sasaka in the context of Arts from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sasaka, =sasa J. II, 26; IV, 85; Cp I. 101. (Page 700)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of sasaka in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāsaka (शासक).—a S That punishes or corrects: also that governs, rules, directs, orders.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of sasaka in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaśaka (शशक).—

1) A hare, rabbit.

2) = शश (śaśa) (3) q. v.

Derivable forms: śaśakaḥ (शशकः).

--- OR ---

Śāsaka (शासक).—[śās-ṇvul]

1) A ruler.

2) A chastiser, punisher.

Derivable forms: śāsakaḥ (शासकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaśaka (शशक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A hare. E. kan added to the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaśaka (शशक).—[śaśa + ka], m. A hare, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 116.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaśaka (शशक).—[masculine] hare, rabbit.

--- OR ---

Śāśaka (शाशक).—[adjective] relating to a hare, leporine.

--- OR ---

Śāsaka (शासक).—[masculine] teacher, instructor.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaśaka (शशक):—[from śaś] m. a (little) hare, [Adbhuta-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a man of a [particular] character (= śaśa q.v.), [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata]

4) Śāśaka (शाशक):—[from śāśa] mfn. idem, [Harivaṃśa]

5) Śāsaka (शासक):—[from śās] m. a chastiser, teacher, instructor, governor, ruler, [Śiśupāla-vadha] (cf. mahī-ś).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaśaka (शशक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A hare.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śaśaka (शशक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sasaga, Sāsaga, Sāhaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sasaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sasaka in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śaśaka (शशक) [Also spelled shashak]:—(nm) a rabbit, hare.

2) Śāsaka (शासक) [Also spelled shasak]:—(nm) a ruler; king; master; -[varga] ruling group; -[samāja] the ruling society.

context information


Discover the meaning of sasaka in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śaśaka (ಶಶಕ):—[noun] = ಶಶ - [shasha -] 1.

--- OR ---

Śāsaka (ಶಾಸಕ):—

1) [noun] a man who rules or governs.

2) [noun] a man who, as a representative of a section of people, frames the administrative policies in a government; a legislator.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of sasaka in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: