Rupastha, Rūpastha, Rūpasthā: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Rupastha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Rūpasthā (रूपस्था) refers to “being established in form”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “O dear one, Piṇḍakubjī who has arisen in the first Wheel is established in the Body, she is called Samayā and she bestows the fruit of the Yoga of the Body. Siddhakubjī is in the second (Wheel) in the middle of the Sequence of the Parts. Vajrakubjī is in the third (Wheel). She is the Great Mother who is Established in Form (rūpasthā). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Google Books: Yoga in Jainism

Rūpastha (रूपस्थ).—One of the five types of meditation (dhyāna);—The rūpastha-dhyāna consists in meditating on the divine qualities and extraordinary powers of the arahants. The Yogī by virtue of meditating on the divine qualities imagines his own self as the transcendental self and believes that “I am that omniscient soul and not anything else”.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Rūpastha (रूपस्थ) refers to “meditation on the form of the Tīrthaṅkaras” and represents one of the four types of Dhyāna or “meditation”, according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—(cf. Uttarādhyayana 36.76 and Jñāta. 15. P. 34)

Accordingly, as Bharata praised the statue of Lord Ṛṣabha: “[...] Homage to you, giving pleasure even to hell-inhabitants by the five kalyāṇas, maker of happiness to the world, Lord of Three Worlds. [...] Whoever direct meditation, concentrated on your form (i.e., rūpastha), toward you, to those great souls you are present in person, O Lord. Even though you are free from affection, do not abandon my mind, as you have abandoned all saṃsāra, O Supreme Lord”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Rūpastha (रूपस्थ).—One of the four types of saṃsthānavicaya (contemplation of objects of structure of the universe).—What is meant by ‘contemplation on a form’ (rūpastha)? The practiser of this type of meditation thinks that he is attending the religious congregation (samośaraṇa) of the fordmaker who is sitting on a golden throne on the top of the lotus surrounded by the eight auspicious elements (prātihāryas) or he is himself sitting on the thrown as ford maker. Another type of this meditation is to contemplate on the idol / image of a fordmaker and enshrine that in his brain to contemplate on his virtues.

Source: Prakrit Bharati Academy: Death with Equanimity

Rūpastha (रूपस्थ) or Rūpasthariṣṭa refers to “bodily death-signs”, according to the Riṣṭasamuccaya by Durgadevācārya (Ācārya Durgadeva): a Jain work from the 11th century devoted to the study of death signs.—The Riṣṭasamuccaya mentions three types of death-signs (riṣṭa), [e.g.]: Rūpastha Riṣṭa or visual or virtual death–signs such as visions, dreams, seeing the shadow–man etc, which can predict death a couple of days to a couple of years in advance.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rūpastha (रूपस्थ):—[=rūpa-stha] [from rūpa > rūp] mfn. possessed of form or shape, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

[Sanskrit to German]

Rupastha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rūpastha (ರೂಪಸ್ಥ):—[noun] = ರೂಪವಂತ [rupavamta].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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