Anuprasa, Anuprāsa: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Anuprasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास, “alliteration”) refers to a type of Alaṃkāra (figure of speech).—Among the śabdālaṃkāras, Anuprāsa(alliteration) is regarded as prominent one. According to Viśvanātha Kavirāja, Anuprāsaconsists in the recurrence of the same letters, even if, there be difference in vowels.[568] That is to say Anuprāsaexists in the similarity of consonants, not withstanding the dissimilarity of vowels. Anuprāsa is found to be employed in abundance in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 4 śabdālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by sound, as opposed to the sense).—Cirañjīva has not given any definition of anuprāsa. A similarity of sounds inspite of the difference in vowels is known as anuprasa.

According to Cirañjīva anuprāsa has four varieties

  1. sphuṭānuprāsa,
  2. lāṭānuprāsa,
  3. vṛttyanuprāsa,
  4. chekānuprāsa.
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of anuprasa in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Anuprasa in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास, “alliteration”) refers to one of the various Alaṅkāras (‘figures of speech’) classified as Śabda (‘sound’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—Śabdālaṅkāras such as anuprāsa and yamaka are the favourite figures of speech of our poet. It requires too much space even to note all the examples of these alaṅkāras as they are so numerous. However a few beautiful examples of these are cited here. Alliteration consists in the similarity of letters as defined in Kāvyaprkāśa. Viśvanātha defines it as the repetition of the same letters, though their vowels differ, constitutes anuprāsa in his Sāhityadarpaṇa.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of anuprasa in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anuprāsa (अनुप्रास).—m S Alliteration.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anuprāsa (अनुप्रास).—m Alliteration.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of anuprasa in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास).—[anugataḥ rasādyanuguṇaṃ prakṛṣṭamāsaṃ varṇanyāsaṃ samavarṇaracanāṃ samavarṇoccāraṇaṃ vā] Alliteration, repetition of similar letters, syllables or sounds; वर्णसाम्यमनुप्रासः (varṇasāmyamanuprāsaḥ) K. P.9; (svaravaisādṛśye'pi vyañjanasadṛśatvaṃ varṇasāmyaṃ sasādyānugataḥ prakṛṣṭo nyāsaḥ; anuprāsaḥ śabdasāmyaṃ vaiṣamye'pi svarasya yat S. D.633.) अनुप्रास (anuprāsa) is of 5 kinds; (a) छेक° (cheka°) or single alliteration; बकुलगन्धा- नन्धीकुर्वन्, कावेरीवारिपावनः पवनः, मूर्ध्नामुद्वृत्तकृत्ताविरलगरल (bakulagandhā- nandhīkurvan, kāverīvāripāvanaḥ pavanaḥ, mūrdhnāmudvṛttakṛttāviralagarala) &c. K. P.7. (b) वृत्ति° (vṛtti°) or harmonious. उदा° उन्मीलन्मधुगन्ध- लुब्धमधुपव्याधूतचूताङ्कुरक्रीडत्कोकिलकाकलीकलकलैरुद्गीर्णकर्णज्वराः । नीयन्ते पथिकैः कथंकथमपि ध्यानावधानक्षणप्राप्तप्राणसमासमागमरसोल्ला- सैरमी वासराः (udā° unmīlanmadhugandha- lubdhamadhupavyādhūtacūtāṅkurakrīḍatkokilakākalīkalakalairudgīrṇakarṇajvarāḥ | nīyante pathikaiḥ kathaṃkathamapi dhyānāvadhānakṣaṇaprāptaprāṇasamāsamāgamarasollā- sairamī vāsarāḥ) || (c) श्रुति° (śruti°) or melodious. उदा° दृशा दग्धं मनसिजं जीवयन्ति दृशैव याः । विरूपाक्षस्य जयिनीस्ताः स्तुमो वामलोचनाः (udā° dṛśā dagdhaṃ manasijaṃ jīvayanti dṛśaiva yāḥ | virūpākṣasya jayinīstāḥ stumo vāmalocanāḥ) || (d) अन्त्य° (antya°) or final; as मन्दं हसन्तः पुलकं वहन्तः (mandaṃ hasantaḥ pulakaṃ vahantaḥ). (e) लाट° (lāṭa°); स्मेरराजीवनयने नयने किं निमीलिते । पश्य निर्जीतकन्दर्पे कन्दर्पवशगं प्रियम् (smerarājīvanayane nayane kiṃ nimīlite | paśya nirjītakandarpe kandarpavaśagaṃ priyam) || For definitions and examples see S. D. 633-38 and K. P.9th Ullāsa.

Derivable forms: anuprāsaḥ (अनुप्रासः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास).—m.

(-saḥ) Alilteration, repetition of similar letters, syllables and words. E. anu and pra before as to be, affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास).—[masculine] alliteration.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास):—[=anu-prāsa] [from anu-prās] m. alliteration, repetition of similar letters, syllables, and words, [Kāvyaprakāśa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-saḥ) (In Rhetoric.) Repetition of similar letters, syllables or words, alliteration or rhyme; an alaṃkāra or mode of writing elegantly, so far as the sound is concerned (see śabdālaṃkāra) with five varieties; see chekānuprāsa, vṛttyanuprāsa, śrutyanuprāsa, antyānuprāsa and lāṭānuprāsa; see also udbhaṭānuprāsa. E. anu and prāsa or as with pra and anu, kṛt aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास):—[anu-prāsa] (saḥ) 1. m. A kind of alteration or repetition of letters.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anuprasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of anuprasa in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anuprasa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास) [Also spelled anupras]:—(nm) alliteration; agnomination.

context information

...

Discover the meaning of anuprasa in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: