Anuprasa, aka: Anuprāsa; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Anuprasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास, “alliteration”) refers to a type of Alaṃkāra (figure of speech).—Among the śabdālaṃkāras, Anuprāsa(alliteration) is regarded as prominent one. According to Viśvanātha Kavirāja, Anuprāsaconsists in the recurrence of the same letters, even if, there be difference in vowels.[568] That is to say Anuprāsaexists in the similarity of consonants, not withstanding the dissimilarity of vowels. Anuprāsa is found to be employed in abundance in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 4 śabdālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by sound, as opposed to the sense).—Cirañjīva has not given any definition of anuprāsa. A similarity of sounds inspite of the difference in vowels is known as anuprasa.

According to Cirañjīva anuprāsa has four varieties

  1. sphuṭānuprāsa,
  2. lāṭānuprāsa,
  3. vṛttyanuprāsa,
  4. chekānuprāsa.
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Anuprasa in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

anuprāsa (अनुप्रास).—m S Alliteration.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anuprāsa (अनुप्रास).—m Alliteration.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anuprasa in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास).—[anugataḥ rasādyanuguṇaṃ prakṛṣṭamāsaṃ varṇanyāsaṃ samavarṇaracanāṃ samavarṇoccāraṇaṃ vā] Alliteration, repetition of similar letters, syllables or sounds; वर्णसाम्यमनुप्रासः (varṇasāmyamanuprāsaḥ) K. P.9; (svaravaisādṛśye'pi vyañjanasadṛśatvaṃ varṇasāmyaṃ sasādyānugataḥ prakṛṣṭo nyāsaḥ; anuprāsaḥ śabdasāmyaṃ vaiṣamye'pi svarasya yat S. D.633.) अनुप्रास (anuprāsa) is of 5 kinds; (a) छेक° (cheka°) or single alliteration; बकुलगन्धा- नन्धीकुर्वन्, कावेरीवारिपावनः पवनः, मूर्ध्नामुद्वृत्तकृत्ताविरलगरल (bakulagandhā- nandhīkurvan, kāverīvāripāvanaḥ pavanaḥ, mūrdhnāmudvṛttakṛttāviralagarala) &c. K. P.7. (b) वृत्ति° (vṛtti°) or harmonious. उदा° उन्मीलन्मधुगन्ध- लुब्धमधुपव्याधूतचूताङ्कुरक्रीडत्कोकिलकाकलीकलकलैरुद्गीर्णकर्णज्वराः । नीयन्ते पथिकैः कथंकथमपि ध्यानावधानक्षणप्राप्तप्राणसमासमागमरसोल्ला- सैरमी वासराः (udā° unmīlanmadhugandha- lubdhamadhupavyādhūtacūtāṅkurakrīḍatkokilakākalīkalakalairudgīrṇakarṇajvarāḥ | nīyante pathikaiḥ kathaṃkathamapi dhyānāvadhānakṣaṇaprāptaprāṇasamāsamāgamarasollā- sairamī vāsarāḥ) || (c) श्रुति° (śruti°) or melodious. उदा° दृशा दग्धं मनसिजं जीवयन्ति दृशैव याः । विरूपाक्षस्य जयिनीस्ताः स्तुमो वामलोचनाः (udā° dṛśā dagdhaṃ manasijaṃ jīvayanti dṛśaiva yāḥ | virūpākṣasya jayinīstāḥ stumo vāmalocanāḥ) || (d) अन्त्य° (antya°) or final; as मन्दं हसन्तः पुलकं वहन्तः (mandaṃ hasantaḥ pulakaṃ vahantaḥ). (e) लाट° (lāṭa°); स्मेरराजीवनयने नयने किं निमीलिते । पश्य निर्जीतकन्दर्पे कन्दर्पवशगं प्रियम् (smerarājīvanayane nayane kiṃ nimīlite | paśya nirjītakandarpe kandarpavaśagaṃ priyam) || For definitions and examples see S. D. 633-38 and K. P.9th Ullāsa.

Derivable forms: anuprāsaḥ (अनुप्रासः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anuprāsa (अनुप्रास).—m.

(-saḥ) Alilteration, repetition of similar letters, syllables and words. E. anu and pra before as to be, affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 13 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Latanuprasa
Lāṭānuprāsa (लाटानुप्रास).—m. (-saḥ) A figure of rhetoric; repetition of a word in the same sen...
Chekanuprasa
Chekānuprāsa (छेकानुप्रास) refers to one of the four varieties of Anuprāsa: one of the 93 alaṃk...
Vrittyanuprasa
Vṛttyanuprāsa (वृत्त्यनुप्रास) refers to one of the four varieties of Anuprāsa: one of the 93 a...
Shrutyanuprasa
Śrutyanuprāsa (श्रुत्यनुप्रास).—m. (-saḥ) Alliteration. E. śruti hearing, and anuprāsa similari...
Varnanuprasa
Varṇānuprāsa (वर्णानुप्रास).—alliteration. Derivable forms: varṇānuprāsaḥ (वर्णानुप्रासः).Varṇā...
Antyanuprasa
Antyānuprāsa (अन्त्यानुप्रास).—see under अनुप्रास (anuprāsa). Derivable forms: antyānuprāsaḥ (अ...
Pratyanuprasa
Pratyanuprāsa (प्रत्यनुप्रास).—a kind of alliteration. Derivable forms: pratyanuprāsaḥ (प्रत्यन...
Sphutanuprasa
Sphuṭānuprāsa (स्फुटानुप्रास) refers to one of the four varieties of Anuprāsa: one of the 93 al...
Alamkara
Alaṃkāra (अलंकार) refers to “decoration of the liṅga”, representing a certain ceremony to be pe...
Prasa
Prāsa (प्रास).—m. (-saḥ) A barbed dart. E. pra before, as to throw, aff. ghañ .
Cheka
Cheka (छेक).—adj. (Jain Sanskrit and Pali, clever; also Pali good, Jāt. v. 366.27, comm. sundar...
Shabdalankara
Śabdālaṅkāra (शब्दालङ्कार).—m. (-raḥ) Rhetorical use of words; verbal figure, as alliteration, ...
Shabdanuprasa
śabdānuprāsa (शब्दानुप्रास).—m S In rhetoric. Jingle of words; as contrad. from varṇānuprāsa Ji...

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