Pragraha, Pragrāha: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Pragraha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pragraha (प्रग्रह).—Absence of euphonic change; the. term is frequently used in the Taittiriya Pratisakhya; cf. T. Pr. I.60, IV.1.1-54.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pragraha (प्रग्रह):—Restricted movement of the body

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pragraha (प्रग्रह).—m S An eclipse.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pragraha (प्रग्रह).—a.

1) Holding in front, stretching forth (hands); एवमुक्तस्तु मुनिना प्राञ्जलिः प्रग्रहो नृपः । अभ्यवादयत प्राज्ञः (evamuktastu muninā prāñjaliḥ pragraho nṛpaḥ | abhyavādayata prājñaḥ) Rām. 7.82.14.

2) Seizing, taking.

-haḥ 1 Holding or stretching forth, holding out.

2) Laying hold of, taking, grasping, seizing; न हि मे मुच्यते कश्चित् कथञ्चित् प्रग्रहं गतः (na hi me mucyate kaścit kathañcit pragrahaṃ gataḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.179.16.

3) The commencement of an eclipse.

4) (a) A rein, bridle; धृताः प्रग्रहाः अवतरत्वायुष्मान् (dhṛtāḥ pragrahāḥ avataratvāyuṣmān) Ś.1; Śiśupālavadha 12.31. (b) A whip, lash, scourge.

5) A check, restraint; यः प्रग्रहानुग्रहयोर्यथान्यायं विचक्षणः (yaḥ pragrahānugrahayoryathānyāyaṃ vicakṣaṇaḥ) Rām.2.1.25.

6) Binding, confinement; सोऽस्माकं वैरपुरुषो दुर्मतिः प्रग्रहं गतः (so'smākaṃ vairapuruṣo durmatiḥ pragrahaṃ gataḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.7.33.

8) A prisoner, captive.

8) Taming, breaking (as an animal).

9) A ray of light.

1) The string of a balance.

11) A vowel not subject to the rules of Sandhi or euphony; see प्रगृह्य (pragṛhya).

12) Name of Viṣṇu.

13) The arm.

14) A leader, guide.

15) Kindness, favour, a reward; अपराधं सहेताल्पं तुष्येदल्पेऽपि चोदये । महोप- कारं चाध्यक्षं प्रग्रहेणाभिपूजयेत् (aparādhaṃ sahetālpaṃ tuṣyedalpe'pi codaye | mahopa- kāraṃ cādhyakṣaṃ pragraheṇābhipūjayet) || Kau. A.2.7.25.

16) The Karṇikāra tree.

17) The gains in the form of gifts to courtiers; राजोपजीविनां प्रग्रहप्रदेशभोगपरिहारभक्तवेतनलाभम् (rājopajīvināṃ pragrahapradeśabhogaparihārabhaktavetanalābham) Kau. A.2.7.25.

18) Hoarding, collecting (saṃgraha); असाधुनिग्रहरतः साधूनां प्रग्रहे रतः (asādhunigraharataḥ sādhūnāṃ pragrahe rataḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.21.14.

19) Folding, joining (hands); श्वश्रूणामविशेषेण प्राञ्जलिप्रग्रहेण च (śvaśrūṇāmaviśeṣeṇa prāñjalipragraheṇa ca) Rām.7. 48.1.

2) Obstinacy, stubbornness.

21) A companion, satellite.

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Pragrāha (प्रग्राह).—

1) Seizing, taking.

2) Bearing, carrying; प्रगाहैरिव पात्राणामन्वेष्या मैथिली कृतैः (pragāhairiva pātrāṇāmanveṣyā maithilī kṛtaiḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 7.44.

3) The string of a balance. तुलासूत्रेऽश्वादिरश्मौ प्रग्राहः प्रग्रहोऽपि च (tulāsūtre'śvādiraśmau pragrāhaḥ pragraho'pi ca) Ak.3.236; वणिक् प्रग्राहवान् यद्वत् काले चरति सिद्धये (vaṇik pragrāhavān yadvat kāle carati siddhaye) Bhaṭṭikāvya 7.49.

4) A rein, bridle.

Derivable forms: pragrāhaḥ (प्रग्राहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pragraha (प्रग्रह).—(m.? = Pali paggaha), exertion, energetic activity: Bodhisattvabhūmi 205.16 (see pragṛhṇāti; contrasted with śamatha-kāle, prec. line).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pragraha (प्रग्रह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Taking, seizing. 2. Confinement, restriction, restraint, captivity. 3. A prisoner, a captive, either man or beast in confinement. 4. A rein, a rope or halter for horses, and cattle. 5. The string suspending a balance. 6. Favour, kindness. 7. An arm. 8. A ray of light. 9. The commencement of an eclipse. 10. A vowel not subject to the rules of Sandhi. 11. A sort of Cassia, (C. fistula.) E. pra before, grah to take or seize, aff. ap; otherwise with ghañ aff. pragrāha .

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Pragrāha (प्रग्राह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Seizing. 2. Taking, taking up, bearing, carrying. 3. The string of a balance. 4. A rein, &c. E. pra before, grah to take, ghañ aff.; see pragraha .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pragraha (प्रग्रह).—[pra-grah + a], m. 1. Stretching out, Mahābhārata 13, 6374. 2. Taking, seizing, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 15103. 3. An arm. 4. A ray of light. 5. Favour, kindness, Mahābhārata 13, 6709. 6. Confinement, captivity. 7. A prisoner, a captive. 8. Restraining. 9. A rein, a rope, Mahābhārata 7, 9567; 13, 3456. 10. The string suspending a balance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pragraha (प्रग्रह).—[masculine] holding or stretching forth (also adj. —°); taking, seizing; friendly reception, kindness, favour; taking to, being fond of or eager for, obstinacy, pertinacity; rein, bridle, rope; leader, chief, comrade, satellite.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pragraha (प्रग्रह):—[=pra-graha] [from pra-grah] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) holding in front, stretching forth, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] seizing, clutching, taking hold of (haṃ gataḥ, seized, taken), [ib.; Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] a [particular] manner of fighting, [Mahābhārata] (= śatror uttānapā-tanārtham pādākarṣaṇam, or = gala-hastakaḥ, [Nīlakaṇṭha])

4) [v.s. ...] the seizure of the sun or moon, beginning of an eclipse (cf. graha), [Sūryasiddhānta]

5) [v.s. ...] friendly reception, kindness, favour, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] obstinacy, stubbornness (haṃgataḥ, obstinate, stubborn), [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] a rein, bridle, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] a ray of light (like all words meaning ‘rein’ or ‘bridle’), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a rope, halter, cord, string, thong, [Mahābhārata]

10) [v.s. ...] the cord or string suspending a balance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a guide, leader, ruler (also as Name of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa), [Mahābhārata]

12) [v.s. ...] a companion, satellite, [ib.]

13) [v.s. ...] binding, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] taming, breaking (a horse), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] the arm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] a species of plant, [Caraka] (Cassis Fistula, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

17) [v.s. ...] a vowel not subject to the rules of Saṃdhi, [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya] (-tva n. [Scholiast or Commentator]; cf. 1. pra-gṛhya)

18) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] sacrificial rite (also -homa, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]])

19) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. receiving, kind, hospitable (with sabhā f. a hall of reception, an audience hall), [Rāmāyaṇa] ([Bombay edition])

20) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. = ūrdhvabāhu (?), [Rāmāyaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. prañjali-pragr)

21) Pragrāha (प्रग्राह):—[=pra-grāha] [from pra-grah] m. (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) seizing, taking, bearing, carrying (cf. [Pāṇini 3-3, 46])

22) [v.s. ...] a rein, bridle (cf. [ib. 53])

23) [v.s. ...] the string of a balance (cf. [ib. 52])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pragraha (प्रग्रह):—[pra-graha] (haḥ) 1. m. Taking; restraint; a captive; a rein; string suspending a balance; favour; an arm; ray of light; Cassia.

2) Pragrāha (प्रग्राह):—[pra-grāha] (haḥ) 1. m. Vide pragraha.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pragraha (प्रग्रह) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paggaha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pragraha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pragraha (ಪ್ರಗ್ರಹ):—

1) [noun] a grasping firmly.

2) [noun] the act or an instance of receiving.

3) [noun] a subjugation of passions, desire for sensual pleasures, etc.

4) [noun] a strong, thick line or cord, commonly one composed of twisted or braided strands of hemp, flax, etc.; a rope.

5) [noun] part of the tack or harness of a horse, consisting usu. of a headstall, bit, and reins; a bridle.

6) [noun] a man who is imprisoned; a prisoner.

7) [noun] a capturing, comprehending (as criminal by police); seizure.

8) [noun] a ray of light.

9) [noun] a cord or string suspending a balance.

10) [noun] a chief or leader.

11) [noun] the part of the human body from shoulder to the tip of the fingers; an arm.

12) [noun] kind or compassionate treatment; favour; mercy.

13) [noun] Viṣṇu.

14) [noun] gold.

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Pragrāha (ಪ್ರಗ್ರಾಹ):—

1) [noun] = ಪ್ರಗ್ರಹ - [pragraha -] 2, 5 & 9.

2) [noun] a rope for tying a horse.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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