Poetry, Poetic, Poetical: 3 definitions


Poetry means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana

Poetics refers to one of the topics dealt with in the Puranic literature: a category of ancient Sanskrit texts which gives a huge contribution in the development of Indian literature.—The Vishnudharmottara Purana contains different aspects of knowledge. Along with the narratives, this work bears immense information in various fields of study. [...] The third khanda contains 118 chapters which are dedicated to various contents such as Sanskrit and Prakrit Grammar, Lexicology, Metrics, Poetics, Dance, Drama, Music, Painting, Iconography, Architecture etc.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Poetry is denoted by the Sanskrit term Kavita, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Not by studying the doctrines of scriptural exegesis, logic, planets and mathematics, nor by the Vedas, Upaniṣads, Dharmaśāstras [and the like]; not even by lexicons nor metre, grammar, poetry (kavita) nor rhetoric; the sage's attainment of the highest reality is gained only from the oral teachings of his own Guru. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Rajatarangini (Ranjit Sitaram Pandit) (history)

Poetry refers to the “speech the soul”.—Well-known Kashmiri rhetoricians like Mammata, the author of the Kavya-Prakasa, had said that one of the purposes of Kavya or Poetry was to teach the art of life (Vyavahara-vide). Kavya or Poetry was defined as “speech the soul of which is Rasa”. There were in all eight Rasas or sentiments; Shringara (love), Hasya (merriment), Karuna (pathos), Raudra (wrath), Vira (martial), Bhayanaka (terror), Bibhatsa (repulsion), Adbhuta (marvel), which were the essence of poetry.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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