Parshvika, Pārśvika: 12 definitions


Parshvika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pārśvika can be transliterated into English as Parsvika or Parshvika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Parsvik.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Pārśvika (पार्श्विक, “associate”) refers to the man at one’s side, obtains wealth by means of bribery, etc., according to the commentary on the Manusmṛti verse 4.226. For instance, having come to know that a person is going to obtain some wealth, one goes over to him and says, ‘I shall get yon so much wealth, you should give me something out of it,’ and then receives it from him; the man not having done anything himself, nor having anything done by others, but simply looking on, and yet receiving money; or when one receives some consideration for standing surety for a borrower.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Pārśvika (पार्श्विक) refers to a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reigned from 3rd century CE). Pārśvika It means belonging to the side. This suffix signifies the geographical situation of the locality with reference to another place.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pārśvika.—(EI 9; CII 4), an aide-de-camp; also used to in- dicate a neighbour or one having land in the neighbourhood of the gift land (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIII, p. 197, text line 13). Note: pārśvika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parshvika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārśvika (पार्श्विक).—a. (- f.) [पार्श्वे भवः ठक् (pārśve bhavaḥ ṭhak)] Belonging to the side.

-kaḥ 1 A sides-man, partisan.

2) A companion, an associate.

3) A juggler.

4) One who seeks money by fraudulent means, a thief.

5) One who earns money through the instrumentality of one's own kinsmen after knowing their needs by means of staying by the side (pārśva) of the king; Dānasāgara, Bibliotheca Indica 274, Fasc.1, p.41.

Derivable forms: pārśvikaḥ (पार्श्विकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pārśvika (पार्श्विक).—m. (compare pārśvakā, pārśukā; Sanskrit pārśvaka, m.), rib: Mahāvyutpatti 4005 = Tibetan rtsib (so read with Index) ma.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārśvika (पार्श्विक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Lateral, belonging to the side, &c. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A juggler. 2. A partisan, a sidesman, an associate or companion. E. pārśva the side, and ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pārśvika (पार्श्विक):—[from pārśava] mfn. lateral, belonging to the side, [Horace H. Wilson] = śvaka mfn., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a sidesman, associate, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] a juggler, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of an ancient teacher, [Buddhist literature]

5) [v.s. ...] n. = śvaka n., [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra; Nārada-smṛti, nāradīya-dharma-śāstra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārśvika (पार्श्विक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a.] Lateral. m. A juggler; a partisan.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pārśvika (पार्श्विक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāsilla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parshvika in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parshvika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pārśvika (पार्श्विक) [Also spelled parsvik]:—(a) lateral; pertaining to a [pāśrva; —vikṛti] lateral strain; —[vyaṃjana] lateral consonant; [pārśvikā] a profile.

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