Parimandala, aka: Parimaṇḍala; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Parimandala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[Parimandala in Jyotisha glossaries]

Parimaṇḍala (परिमण्डल).—Ellipse or Circle. Note: Parimaṇḍala is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Parimandala in Buddhism glossaries]

Parimaṇḍala (परिमण्डल, “circular”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., parimaṇḍala). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Parimandala in Pali glossaries]

parimaṇḍala : (adj.) round; circular; well sounding.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Parimaṇḍala, (adj.) (pari+maṇḍala) 1. round, circular J. I, 441; II, 406 (āvāṭa); VI, 42; Pv IV. 328 (guḷa°); Dhs. 617 (expld at DhsA. 317 as “egg-shaped, ” kukkuṭ-aṇḍasaṇṭhāna).—nt. as adv. in phrase °ṃ nivāseti to dress or cover oneself all round Vin. I, 46; II, 213; IV, 185 (= nābhimaṇḍalaṃ jānu-maṇḍalaṃ paṭicchādentena C.; cp. timaṇḍala).—2. rounded off, i.e. complete, correct, pleasant, in phrase °āni padavyañjanāni well sounding words and letters, correct speech Vin. II, 316; M. I, 216; A. I, 103; DA. I, 282; SnA 177, 370. (Page 431)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Parimandala in Sanskrit glossaries]

Parimaṇḍala (परिमण्डल).—a.

1) Globular, round, circular.

2) Of the measure of an atom.

-lam 1 A globe, sphere.

2) A ball.

3) A circle.

4) An orb.

5) The felly of a wheel (nemi); अव्यक्तनाभं व्यक्तारं विकारपरिमण्डलम् । क्षेत्रज्ञाधिष्ठितं चक्रं स्निग्धाक्षं वर्तते ध्रुवम् (avyaktanābhaṃ vyaktāraṃ vikāraparimaṇḍalam | kṣetrajñādhiṣṭhitaṃ cakraṃ snigdhākṣaṃ vartate dhruvam) || Mb.12.211.8.

-laḥ A species of venomous gnat.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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