Pancaparameshthin, Panca-parameshthi, Pancaparameshthi, Pañcaparameṣṭhin, Panca-parameshthin, Pañcaparameṣṭhī: 3 definitions


Pancaparameshthin means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pañcaparameṣṭhin and Pañcaparameṣṭhī can be transliterated into English as Pancaparamesthin or Pancaparameshthin or Pancaparamesthi or Pancaparameshthi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchaparameshthin.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pancaparameshthin in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Pañcaparameṣṭhin (पञ्चपरमेष्ठिन्).—The pañcaparameṣṭhins or “five supreme lords” are:

  1. jina or arhat (liberated soul),
  2. siddhas,
  3. ācāryas (mendicant leaders),
  4. upādhyāya (mendicant preceptors),
  5. muni (monks).
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pañcaparameṣṭhin (पञ्चपरमेष्ठिन्) refers to the “five supreme ones”, as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] engaged in meditation, recalling the homage to the Five Supreme Ones [viz., pañcaparameṣṭhin-namaskriyā], he died after fasting for twenty-two days. He went immediately to the Īśāna-heaven, hard to attain, by means of merit acquired, as if by divine horses.”.

Note: Pañcaparameṣṭhinamaskriyā is known as:—

namo arihantāṇaṃ,
namo siddhāṇaṃ,
namo āyariyāṇaṃ,
namo uvajjhāyāṇaṃ,
namo loe sabbasā-hūṇaṃ

—“Homage to the Arhats, Siddhas, Ācāryas, Upadhyāyas, and to all the Sādhus in the world”.—(cf. Pañcaprati. I, p. I).

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ

Pañcaparameṣṭhin (पञ्चपरमेष्ठिन्) [pañca-parameṣṭhi-namaskāra] refers to formula of homage to the five supreme entities (i.e., Arihaṃta, Siddha, Āyariya, Uvajjhāya, Sāhu), and represents a Jaina technical term mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Note: The mantra becomes a magical incantation which ensures success.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of pancaparameshthin or pancaparamesthi in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

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