Paduma, Padumā: 5 definitions

Introduction

Paduma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Paduma

The eighth of the twenty four Buddhas. He was born in Campaka. His father was the Khattiya Asama (but see J.i.36, where he is called Paduma ) and his mother Asama. For ten thousand years he lived as a householder in three palaces: Nanda, Suyasa and Uttara (BuA. calls them Uttara, Vasuttara and Yasuttara). His wife was Uttara and his son Ramma. He left home in a chariot and practiced austerities for eight months. Dhannavati gave him milk rice, and an Ajivaka, named Titthaka, spread grass for his seat under his bodhi tree, which was a Mahasona. He preached his first sermon in Dhananjuyyana. His chief disciples were his younger brothers Sala and Upasala and his attendant was Varuna. Radha and Suradha were his chief women disciples, and his chief patrons were Bhiyya and Asama among men and Ruci and Nandarama among women.

His body was fifty eight cubits high, and he lived for one hundred thousand years. He died in Dhammarama and his relics were scattered. The Buddhavamsa Commentary states that his full name was Mahapaduma, that he was so called because on the day of his birth a shower of lotuses fell over Jambudipa, and that, at that time, the Bodhisatta was a lion.

Bu ix.; BuA.146ff.; J.i.36; Mhv.i.7; DhA.i.84.

2. Paduma

One of the chief lay disciples of Revata Buddha. Bu.vi.23.

3. Paduma

One of the three palaces occupied by Sobhita Buddha in his last lay life. Bu.vii.17.

4. Paduma

Step brother of Dhammadassi Buddha. The Buddha preached to him at Sarana, and he later became the Buddhas chief disciple. Bu.xvi.18; BuA.183; J.i.39.

5. Paduma

A palace occupied by Siddhattha Buddha. BuA.185; but see Bu.xvii.14.

6. Paduma

A Pacceka Buddha to whom Anupama (or Ankolapupphiya) Thera offered some akuli flowers. ThagA.i.335; Ap.i.287; see also M.iii.70 and PvA.75.

7. Paduma

A cakkavatti of eight kappas ago; a previous birth of Pindola Bharadvaja. Ap.i.50.

8. Paduma

A cetiya built by Maha Kaccana, in a previous birth, for Padumuttara Buddha (Ap.i.84). The Apadana Commentary explains that the building was, in fact, a gandhakuti, which was called a cetiya as a mark of respect (pujaniyabhavena), and that it was called Paduma because it was shaped like a lotus and was covered with lotuses.

9. Paduma Thera

An arahant. He once threw a lotus to Padumuttara Buddha as he was traveling through the air, and the Buddha accepted it. For thirty kappas Paduma was king of the devas, and for seven hundred king of men. Ap.i.109f.

10. Paduma

A Niraya. The Sutta Nipata explains that it was not a separate Niraya but only a period of suffering.

The monk Kokalika was born there. SN. p.126; J.iv.245; AA.ii.853; DhA.iv.91.

11. Paduma

A rock near Himava. Ap.ii.362.

12.

-- or --

1. Paduma

Chief of the women patrons of Anomadassi Buddha. Bu.viii.24.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paduma : (nt.) a lotus; name of purgatory and that of an enormous number.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paduma, (nt.) (cp. Epic Sk. padma, not in RV. ) the lotus Nelumbium speciosum. It is usually mentioned in two varieties, viz. ratta° and seta°, i.e. red and white lotus, so at J. V, 37; SnA 125; as ratta° at VvA. 191; PvA. 157. The latter seems to be the more prominent variety; but paduma also includes the 3 other colours (blue, yellow, pink?), since it frequently has the designation of pañcavaṇṇa-paduma (the 5 colours however are nowhere specified), e.g. at J. I, 222; V, 337; VI, 341; VvA. 41. It is further classified as satapatta and sahassapatta-p. , viz. lotus with 100 & with 1, 000 leaves: VvA. 191. Compared with other species at J. V, 37, where 7 kinds are enumerated as uppala (blue, red & white), paduma (red & white), kumuda (white) and kallahāra. See further kamala and kuvalaya.—(1) the lotus or lotus flower M. III, 93; S. I, 138, 204; A. I, 145; II, 86 sq.; III, 26, 239; Sn. 71, 213; J. I, 51 (daṇḍa° N. of a plant, cp. Sk. daṇḍotphala), 76 (khandha°, latā°, daṇḍaka°, olambaka°); IV, 3; VI, 564; Dh. 458; Nd1 135; Vv 354 (=puṇḍarīka VvA. 161); 4412 (nānā-paduma-sañchanna); Pv. II, 120 (id.); II, 122 (id.); Pug. 63; Vism. 256 (ratta°); DA. I, 219; KhA 53; SnA 97; Sdhp. 359.—(2) N. of a purgatory (°niraya) S. I, 151—152; Sn. 677; p. 126; SnA 475 sq.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paduma (पदुम).—MIndic for Sanskrit and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] padma, q.v. (and in cpds. thereof), lotus; very common; examples § 3.114.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paduma (पदुम):—[from pad] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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