Paduka, Pādukā, Pāduka: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Paduka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Pāduka (पादुक) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Pāduka) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pāduka (पादुक).—Sandals to be given in vṛkṣotsavam; to be given as gift along with light, umbrella, seat, etc.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 59. 14; 70. 48; 275. 25.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Pāduka (पादुक) refers to “thin plinth §§ 3.3, 5, 15; 4.7, 9, 10.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Paduka.—(Chamba, etc.), sacred foot-prints; from Sanskrit pādukā. Note: paduka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pāduka.—(EI 22; LL; HA), foot-prints. See pādukā, etc. Note: pāduka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pādukā.—(A. R. Ep., 1958-59, p. 11), foot-prints. Note: pādukā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pādukā : (f.) a slipper or shoe.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pādukā, (f.) (cp. Epic Sk. pāduka & pādukā) a shoe, slipper, clog Vin. I, 190; II, 142, 222; J. III, 327; IV, 129, 379; V, 298; VI, 23; Miln. 330; DA. I, 136; DhA. III, 451 (muñja°).—At Vin. II, 143 (according to Rh. D.) pādukā (dāru°) is a kind of stool or stand in a privy. (Page 452)

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Pāduka, (=pādaka) a little foot J. VI, 554. (Page 452)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāḍūka (पाडूक).—n W A calf. 2 n pl Kine.

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pādukā (पादुका).—f (S) A shoe or slipper; but, popularly, clogs or wooden shoes; also an impression of a foot on stone, worshiped as the trace of some god or Guru.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pādukā (पादुका).—f A shoe or slipper. Foot-prints.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāduka (पादुक).—a. (-kā, -kī f.) Going on foot.

-kā A woodenshoe, sandal; व्रज भरत गृहीत्वा पादुके त्वं मदीये (vraja bharata gṛhītvā pāduke tvaṃ madīye) Bk. 3.56; R.12.17.

-kam the plinth, the pedestal, the base.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāduka (पादुक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kī-kaṃ) Who or what does on foot or with feet. f.

(-kā) A shoe, a slipper. E. pada, and ukan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pādukā (पादुका).—i. e. pad + u + ka, f. A shoe, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 115, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāduka (पादुक).—shoe, slipper.

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Pādukā (पादुका).—[feminine] shoe, slipper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pāduka (पादुक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] (one verse). See Pātuka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paduka (पदुक):—[from pad] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

2) Pāduka (पादुक):—[from pād] mf(ā or ī)n. going on foot or with feet, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Pādukā (पादुका):—[from pāduka > pād] a f. See next.

4) [v.s. ...] b f. a shoe or slipper, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (also ka mc. and in ka-vat, mfn. having shoes, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi])

5) [v.s. ...] impression of the feet of a god or a holy person, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 508]

6) [v.s. ...] (?) Name of Durgā or another deity (cf. [compound] below).

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pādukā (पादुका):—(nf) a sandal, wooden sandal.

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