Paduka, Pādukā, Pāduka: 25 definitions
Paduka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Pāduka (पादुक) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Pāduka) various roles suitable to them.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Pāduka (पादुक).—Sandals to be given in vṛkṣotsavam; to be given as gift along with light, umbrella, seat, etc.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 59. 14; 70. 48; 275. 25.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama
Pāduka (पादुक) refers to “thin plinth §§ 3.3, 5, 15; 4.7, 9, 10.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Pāduka (पादुक) refers to the “teacher’s sandals”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The venerable Tree (HSKṢMLVRYŪṂ), called the Teacher’s Sandals [i.e., pāduka], endowed with the energy of passion, (AIṂ) is the First Lord (Ādinātha) of Bhairava’s Command. His will is the divine seed (AIṂ), which is pure with (the direct) experience (of deity), and is the Wheel of the Fire of Time. The principle of Water has arisen which, filled with the energy of the Lord’s feet (HSKṢMLVRYŪṂ), is the principle of the Self. When the Moon is destroyed, the pure and divine disc of the Full Moon invariably dawns. [...]”.Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)
Pādukā (पादुका) refers to the “(glorious) sandals (of Paramaśiva)”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “I resort to the glorious sandals (śrī-pādukā-dvaya) of Paramaśiva (Śiva in the Ultimate state), who is eternally in equilibrial union with the Goddess characterised by boundless bliss (niḥsīman-ānanda). I revere the Nityā Śakti of the Lord, i.e. Paramaśiva. She possesses all powers and carries out the five tasks [for him]. She bestows grace upon all, is eternal, and is the motherly origin of all good. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions
Pādukā (पादुका) refers to the “sandals” (of one’s Guru) , according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “After this, O Śivā, hear the exposition of the Kula Conduct. After he has joined the tradition of the Siddhas, he should worship his guru as divine. The Yogin who is engaged in the worship of his guru can obtain the highest Power. The guru’s bedstead, his bedding, clothes, ornaments, sandals (pādukā), parasol, antilope-skin, bowl or anything else: if he touches any of these with his feet, he should place them on his head and recite [mantras] eight times. [...]”.Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Pāduka (पादुक) refers to a “sandal”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.8-13, while describing auspicious dreams]—“[...] [It is auspicious when one dreams of] a pill, wood for cleaning the teeth, yellow pigment on a sword or sandal (pāduka—khaḍgapādukarocanāḥ), sacred thread, ointment, nectar, mercury, medicinal herbs, śakti, a water jar, lotus, rosary, red arsenic or blazing objects of siddhas, which have red chalk as their ends. [...]”
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch
Pāduka (पादुक) refers to the “(seven-league) sandals”, according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Accordingly, [while describing a haṭha-sādhana (foreceful practice)]: “[...] On the eighth day, the Sādhaka sees the shadow of Aghorī. Thus content, she gives [a boon, saying to the Sādhaka], ‘Good, my dear! Choose a boon: either lord of the earth, immortality, levitation, [entry into the] nether-worlds, coming and going through the sky, invisibility, the elixir of mercury, the wish-fulfilling gem, the [magical] sword, the [seven-league] sandals (pāduka) or the [occult] eye collyrium’ [...]”
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Paduka.—(Chamba, etc.), sacred foot-prints; from Sanskrit pādukā. Note: paduka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Pāduka.—(EI 22; LL; HA), foot-prints. See pādukā, etc. Note: pāduka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Pādukā.—(A. R. Ep., 1958-59, p. 11), foot-prints. Note: pādukā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
pādukā : (f.) a slipper or shoe.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pādukā, (f.) (cp. Epic Sk. pāduka & pādukā) a shoe, slipper, clog Vin. I, 190; II, 142, 222; J. III, 327; IV, 129, 379; V, 298; VI, 23; Miln. 330; DA. I, 136; DhA. III, 451 (muñja°).—At Vin. II, 143 (according to Rh. D.) pādukā (dāru°) is a kind of stool or stand in a privy. (Page 452)
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Pāduka, (=pādaka) a little foot J. VI, 554. (Page 452)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pāḍūka (पाडूक).—n W A calf. 2 n pl Kine.
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pādukā (पादुका).—f (S) A shoe or slipper; but, popularly, clogs or wooden shoes; also an impression of a foot on stone, worshiped as the trace of some god or Guru.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
pādukā (पादुका).—f A shoe or slipper. Foot-prints.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Pāduka (पादुक).—a. (-kā, -kī f.) Going on foot.
-kā A woodenshoe, sandal; व्रज भरत गृहीत्वा पादुके त्वं मदीये (vraja bharata gṛhītvā pāduke tvaṃ madīye) Bk. 3.56; R.12.17.
-kam the plinth, the pedestal, the base.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaḥ-kā-kī-kaṃ) Who or what does on foot or with feet. f.
(-kā) A shoe, a slipper. E. pada, and ukan aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pādukā (पादुका).—i. e. pad + u + ka, f. A shoe, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 115, 20.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pāduka (पादुक).—shoe, slipper.
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Pādukā (पादुका).—[feminine] shoe, slipper.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Pāduka (पादुक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] (one verse). See Pātuka.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Paduka (पदुक):—[from pad] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
2) Pāduka (पादुक):—[from pād] mf(ā or ī)n. going on foot or with feet, [Horace H. Wilson]
3) Pādukā (पादुका):—[from pāduka > pād] a f. See next.
4) [v.s. ...] b f. a shoe or slipper, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (also ka mc. and in ka-vat, mfn. having shoes, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi])
5) [v.s. ...] impression of the feet of a god or a holy person, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 508]
6) [v.s. ...] (?) Name of Durgā or another deity (cf. [compound] below).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pāduka (पादुक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Going; foot. (kā) f. A shoe or slipper.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Pādukā (पादुका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāuā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Pādukā (पादुका):—(nf) a sandal, wooden sandal.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Pāduka (ಪಾದುಕ):—[noun] = ಪಾದುಕೆ [paduke].
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Paduka-patta, Paduka-patti, Padukadaraka, Padukagati, Padukakara, Padukakrit, Padukamantra, Padukanta, Padukapadapitheshu, Padukapattabhisheka, Padukara, Padukarocana, Padukasahasra, Padukasahasrapariksha, Padukasana, Padukasiddhi, Padukavant, Padukavat, Padukayi.
Ends with (+6): Acamanapaduka, Aprapaduka, Aupapaduka, Carmapaduka, Carmmapaduka, Charmapaduka, Charmmapaduka, Divyapaduka, Divyopapaduka, Durjanamukhapadmapaduka, Ekapaduka, Kamalapaduka, Kambalapaduka, Katthapaduka, Mimamsapaduka, Padmapaduka, Prapaduka, Pratipaduka, Sapaduka, Sapapaduka.
Full-text (+42): Padukakara, Padukakrit, Carmapaduka, Paduka-patta, Upapaduka, Padukavat, Sapaduka, Pratipaduka, Yogapaduka, Padukasahasra, Padukamantra, Carmmapaduka, Aupapaduka, Prapaduka, Pautaka, Patuka, Aupapadaka, Anuttaramnaya, Paduka-patti, Durjanamukhapadmapaduka.
Search found 31 books and stories containing Paduka, Pādukā, Pāduka, Pāḍūka; (plurals include: Padukas, Pādukās, Pādukas, Pāḍūkas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter XXV - Sandal-worship (Paduka puja) described < [Agastya Samhita]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Pallava period (Social and Cultural History) (by S. Krishnamurthy)
Depiction of Foot-wear < [Chapter 4 - Material Culture of the People]
Conclusion (Material Culture) < [Chapter 5 - Conclusion]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 8.13.123 < [Chapter 13 - A Thousand Names of Lord Balarāma]
Verse 4.19.109 < [Chapter 19 - A Thousand Names of Srī Yamunā]
Verse 2.21.15 < [Chapter 21 - The Rāsa-dance Pastime]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Cosmetics, Costumes and Ornaments in Ancient India (by Remadevi. O.)