Modaka, Modāka, Modakā: 24 definitions



Modaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Modak.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Inner Circle IV

The sweets (modaka) of Gaṇeśa — represents the basic needs for food, clothing and shelter. One should never neglect one’s physical well-being while one is practicing spiritual discipline. The spiritual life is to be followed in harmony with a material life — not in opposition to it.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Modaka (“rice sweet”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The other miscellaneous articles found as attributes in the hands of the deities are, for example, Modaka.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Modaka (मोदक) is a form of Rasakriyā where the decoction of drugs becomes completely solid after being boiled. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Modaka (मोदक) refers to a “sweet ball”, according to the Vālmīki-Rāmāyaṇa Yuddhakhaṇḍa 131.38, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The discussions on rice can be seen only in post-Ṛgvedic literature. [...] Vālmīki-Rāmāyaṇa describes modaka a typical sweet ball. [...] Svapnavāsavadatta (IV p.31) describes modaka as a sweet ball.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Modaka (मोदक) or Guṭikā refers to “formulated pills”, as dealt with in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations (viz., modaka) which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Modaka (मोदक, “pill”) is another name for Gulikā, a Sanskrit technical term appearing in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—When the powdered drugs are mixed with the syrup of jaggary, sugar or guggulu or ground with water, milk or svarasa and made balls and dried it is known as Guḷikā [Gulikā]. Vaṭaka, vaṭi, modaka, vaṭikā, piṇḍī and varti are its synonyms.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Modaka (मोदक):—A synonym of vati with variation in the size a quantum of solid dose form – little bigger than the vati

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Modaka (मोदक) refers to “sweets”, which, when made of Śālik rice, forms a preferable constituent for a great offering, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the great offering of eatables shall be made to Śiva especially in the month of Dhanus. The constituent parts of the great offering are as follows:—[...] sweets (modaka) made of Śālika rice [...] This great offering of eatables made to the deities shall be distributed among devotees m the order of their castes”.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Modaka (मोदक) refers to “sweetmeat”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Modaka is recommended as an offering for Vināyaka (verse 698). Most of the references to the articles of diet occur in the Nīlamata in connection with the offerings made to the gods but it is not difficult to infer from them the food and drink of the common people because “what a man eats his gods eat”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Modaka (मोदक).—A Janapada of the Ketumālā continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 15.

2a) Modāka (मोदाक).—A son of Havya after whom came Modākavarṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 17. 20.

2b) A kingdom of Śākadvīpa adjoining the Āmbikeya hill named after Modāka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 20; 19. 93; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 19; 49. 87.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Modakā (मोदका) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., modakā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

modaka : (m.) a globular sweet-meat.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Modaka, (cp. Epic. Sk. modaka in meaning 1) 1. a sort of sweetmeat S. I, 148; A. I, 130; III, 76; Pug. 32; PvA. 4. ‹-› 2. receptacle for a letter, an envelope, wrapper or such like J. VI, 385 (paṇṇaṃ °assa anto pakkhipitvā). May, however, be same ạs 1. (Page 542)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mōḍaka (मोडक).—m A kind of ḍōṅgaḷā or large black ant.

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mōḍakā (मोडका).—a (mōḍaṇēṃ) Broken. (With implication of injury or damage.)

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mōdaka (मोदक).—m (S) A sort of sweetmeat.

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mōdaka (मोदक).—a S That delights, rejoices, gladdens.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mōḍakā (मोडका).—a Broken.

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mōdaka (मोदक).—m A sort of sweetmeat. a That delights.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Modaka (मोदक).—a. (-kā, -kī f.) [मोदयति-मुद् णिच् ण्वुल् (modayati-mud ṇic ṇvul)]

1) Pleasing, delighting, gladdening.

2) Glad, delighted.

-kaḥ, -kam 1 A sweetmeat in general; Y.1.289 (com. modakāḥ laḍḍukāḥ).

2) A kind of pill (in medicine).

-kaḥ Name of a mixed tribe (sprung from a Kṣatriya father and a Śūdra mother).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Modaka (मोदक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Delighting, rejoicing, causing happiness or delight. mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) A sort of sweetmeat. m.

(-kaḥ) A mixed caste. E. mud to be glad, in the causal form, to make glad, and ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Modaka (मोदक).—i. e. mud + aka, I. adj. Delighting. Ii. m. and n. A sort of sweetmeat, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 303; sweetmeats in general, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 45, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Modaka (मोदक).—[adjective] delighting (—°); [masculine] [neuter] small round comfit, smeetmeat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Modaka (मोदक):—[from moda] mfn. (ifc.) gladdening, exhilarating, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. n. a small round sweetmeat, any sweetmeat, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. (in medicine) a kind of pill, [Suśruta; Bhāvaprakāśa]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mixed caste (the sons of a Kṣatriya by a Śūdra mother), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [from moda] n. a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Modaka (मोदक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a.] Rejoicing. m. n. A sort of sweetmeat.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Modaka (मोदक):—(wie eben)

1) adj. = harṣuka [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 84.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 141.] eher froh, heiter als erfreuend, wie [WILSON] hat; die transitive Bed. kravyādagaṇa [Mahābhārata 7, 1576] nach der Lesart der Bomb. Ausg. —

2) m. n. gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.2,4,31.] [Siddhāntakaumudī 249,a,1.] [Amarakoṣa.3,6,4,33.] kleines rundes Confect; auch Arzeneistoffe in Form süsser Pasten oder Pillen, [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 96.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch.1,288.] [Mahābhārata.7,2309. 12,1410. 13,2771. 14,1890.] [Harivaṃśa 16197.] [Rāmāyaṇa.1,9,35 (34 Gorresio).] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio.1,9,37.6,97,19. 112,38.] [Suśruta.1,107, 6. 161,18. 165,12. 234,13.] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH.2,7,1.] [Vikramorvaśī 45,13.] [Spr. 2247. 4419.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 59,8. 89,1.] [Kathāsaritsāgara.6,115. 65,186. 191.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 50,92.] [PAÑCAR.1,3,47. 10,16] [?(nur hier Nalopākhyāna). Oxforder Handschriften 155,b. 43. 46.] āśāmodakairiyaṃ tṛptirmūrkhāṇām [Prabodhacandrodaja 29, 1.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 33,] [Scholiast] Vgl. moṭaka . —

3) m. eine best. Mischlingskaste, der Sohn eines Kṣatriya und einer Śūdrā [Rājanirghaṇṭa] nach der [SMṚTI.] —

4) wohl n. ein best. Metrum, 4 Mal {Ç} [Colebrooke II, 160 (VII, 29).] —

5) f. ī Name einer mythischen Keule [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 29, 8.] kaumodakī [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 30, 9.] — Vgl. āsya (in den Nachträgen), khaṇḍa, ḍiṇḍira, madana, mātṛ, mukha, mudga, 2. maudaka, maudakika .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Modaka (मोदक):——

1) Adj. am Ende eines Comp. erfreuend [Mahābhārata 7,36,38.] —

2) m. n. kleines rundes Confect ([Mānavagṛhyasūtra 2,6]) ; auch Arzeneistoffe in Form süsser Pasten oder Pillen [Materia medica of the Hindus 11.] [Rājan 14,106,18.] [Bhāvaprakāśa 2,25.] —

3) m. eine best. Mischlingskaste , der Sohn eines Kṣatriya und einer Śudrā

4) f. ī Nomen proprium einer mythischen Keule. —

5) n. ein best. Metrum.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Modaka (मोदक) [Also spelled modak]:—(nm) a typical indigenous sweetmeat;-see [laḍḍū].

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