Vataka, Vāṭaka, Vātaka, Vaṭaka: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Vataka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Vaṭaka (वटक) is the name of dish featuring Māṣa (black-gram) as an ingredient, described as described in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The text Bhojanakutūhala devoted to a section on vaṭakas, in which, most of the vaṭakas are prepared from black-gram. The text says some vaṭakas are fried in gingelly oil, some are in ghee, some dried in sun and fried in oil, while others are immersed in liquids. These black-gram vaṭakas contains other constituents like ginger, asafoetida etc. which helps the digetion of black-gram in a proper manner.

Vaṭakas or vaṭas are the much popular preparation of India, the former is the Sanskrit term while the latter being used in vernaculars. In Deccan provinces, particularly in Maharashtra, this dish is coined by the terms vaṭe and vaṭi. Thus the author has attempted to Sanskritize vaṭes as vaṭakas and vaṭis as vaṭikās. Thus we can see different dishes in this section bearing Sanskrit terms with the suffix vaṭakas and vaṭikas and the dishes bearing Marathi terms with suffixes vaṭes and vaṭis.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Vaṭaka (वटक, “pill”) is another name for Gulikā, a Sanskrit technical term appearing in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—When the powdered drugs are mixed with the syrup of jaggary, sugar or guggulu or ground with water, milk or svarasa and made balls and dried it is known as Guḷikā [Gulikā]. Vaṭaka, vaṭi, modaka, vaṭikā, piṇḍī and varti are its synonyms.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Vaṭaka (वटक) is of the shape of black gram-cake (baḍā) and is different from Modaka (solid-boiled decoction).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vaṭaka (वटक):—Pills one of the dosage form with round solid masses / balls

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vaṭaka (वटक) refers to “(magic) pellets”, according to the Ambāmatasaṃhitā (verse 8.88cd-94a).—Accordingly, “There is a certain tamarind (on the banks of a) pool (taṭāka) in (the city of) Candrapūryaka. Surrounded by Vetālas, one should know it to be Aṃvilī by name. Once felled with (magic) pellets (vaṭaka), (he) grasped (the maṇḍala which is) the hermitage of authority forever. (Thus) Śrīnātha was first called Ciñcinin in the teaching of the three lineages by virtue of the power of (the goddess’s) intense Command. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Vaṭaka (वटक) refers to one of the various types of cakes mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “Offer [viz., vaṭaka cakes], [...]. Cakes such as the above are either made with granular sugar or made by mixing in ghee or sesamum oil. As before, take them in accordance with the family in question and use them as offerings; if you offer them up as prescribed, you will quickly gain success. [...]”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., vaṭaka cakes], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., vaṭaka]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Vāṭaka (वाटक) is a word denoting a ‘village’ or ‘hamlet’ and can be seen as a synonym for grāma, often used in inscriptions.—Terms such as vāṭaka are in many cases, associated with the names of the villages so as to become the ending part of the different place-names. Inscriptions throw light on the location of the villages in different ways. Firstly, they communicate us an idea about the country, the division and the sub-division to which these villages belonged. Secondly, the inscriptions provide information regarding theboundaries of the donated villages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vāṭaka.—(LL), a garden. (IE 8-4; EI 15; IA 7), corrupt form of pāṭaka; ‘part of a village’; often suffixed to names of localities. Cf. the second component in Talla-vāṭaka, meaning modern vāḍa, spelt in English as wara. Note: vāṭaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Vaṭaka.—same as tolaka (q. v.). Note: vaṭaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Vaṭaka.—same as draṃkṣaṇa or tola. Note: vaṭaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vāṭaka : (m.) an enclosure.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vātaka, (adj.) (-°) (fr. vāta 2) belonging to or connected with the winds (of the body) in ahi-vātaka-roga a cert. (intestinal) disease (lit. “snake-pain”), pestilence, plague; dysentery (caused by a famine and attacking men and beasts alike) DhA. I, 169, 187, 231; III, 437. (Page 608)

— or —

Vāṭaka, (-°) (fr. vāṭa) enclosure, circle, ring; in gala° the throat circle, i.e. the bottom of the throat Vism. 258; DhsA. 316; DhA. I, 394; caṇḍāla° circle of Caṇḍālas J. VI, 156; brāhmaṇa° of Brahmins DhA. IV, 177. (Page 607)

— or —

Vaṭaka, (cp. *Sk. vaṭaka, fr. vaṭa rope) a small ball or thickening, bulb, tuber; in muḷāla° the (edible) tuber of the lotus J. VI, 563 (C. kaṇḍaka). (Page 594)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaṭaka (वटक).—m S A cake made of pulse-flour fried. 2 A lump of scybala or hardened fæces: also a ball of undigested food in the stomach or bowels. 3 Applied, descriptively, to the disorder in which scybala &c. appear; also in which the milk sucked (by an infant) is discharged in clots.

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vaṭakā (वटका).—m (Imit. vaṭa! vaṭa!) Empty talk, chatter or prate. v kara, lāva, māṇḍa, cālava.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaṭaka (वटक).—

1) A kind of cake.

2) A small lump, ball, globule, pill.

3) A particular weight of 8 māṣas.

Derivable forms: vaṭakaḥ (वटकः).

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Vāṭaka (वाटक).—

1) The site of a house.

2) An orchard, a garden; अये दक्षिणेन वृक्षवाटिकामालाप इव श्रूयते (aye dakṣiṇena vṛkṣavāṭikāmālāpa iva śrūyate) Ś1; so पुष्प°, अशोक° (puṣpa°, aśoka°) &c.

3) A hut.

Derivable forms: vāṭakaḥ (वाटकः).

See also (synonyms): vāṭikā.

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Vātaka (वातक).—

1) A paramour (jāra).

2) Name of a plant.

Derivable forms: vātakaḥ (वातकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaṭaka (वटक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. Pulse ground and fried in oil or butter. 2. A weight of eight Mashas. f.

(-ṭikā) A pill. E. vaṭ to surround, aff. kvun .

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Vātaka (वातक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A paramour. 2. A plant, (Marsilea quadrifolia.) E. vāta wind, kṛ to make, aff. ḍa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaṭaka (वटक).—[vaṭa + ka], I. m. 1. Pulse ground and fried in oil or butter. 2. A weight of eight Māṣas. Ii. f. ṭikā, A pill, a bolus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaṭaka (वटक).—[masculine] vaṭakā & vaṭikā [feminine] globule, ball, a kind of cake.

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Vāṭaka (वाटक).—[masculine] ṭikā [feminine] enclosure, garden.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaṭaka (वटक):—[from vaṭ] mn. a small lump or round mass, ball, globule, pill, round cake made of pulse fried in oil or butter, [Vasiṣṭha; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a particular weight (= 8 Mashas or 2 Śaṇas), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

3) Vaṭakā (वटका):—[from vaṭaka > vaṭ] f. = mn., [Dhūrtanartaka]

4) Vātaka (वातक):—[from ] m. Marsilea Quadrifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Vāṭaka (वाटक):—[from vāṭa] m. an enclosure, garden, plantation, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaṭaka (वटक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Pulse ground and fried in oil or butter; a weight of 8 māshas. f. vaṭikā A pill.

2) Vātaka (वातक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A plant (Marsilea quadrifolia).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vaṭaka (वटक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaḍaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vataka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vaṭaka (ವಟಕ):—

1) [noun] = ವಟ [vata]3 - 4.

2) [noun] a small medicinal pill.

3) [noun] a morsel of food.

4) [noun] (arch.) a unit of weight.

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Vāṭaka (ವಾಟಕ):—[noun] a garden; a pleasure-grove.

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Vātaka (ವಾತಕ):—

1) [noun] the plant Marsilea quadrifolia of Marsileaceae family.

2) [noun] the plant Morinda tomentosa ( = M. tinctoria) of Rubiaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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