Mitramitra, Mitra-mitra, Mitrāmitra, Mitra-amitra: 4 definitions



Mitramitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Mitramitra refers to “the friend’s friend of the conqueror” and represents one of the twelve categories of the maṇḍala system laid out by Kauṭilya (4th century BCE) and Kāmandaka (7th century A.D.). These twelve cateogires of state can be broadly applied to Gaṇapatideva  (r. 1199-1262 A.D.) and the Kākatīya empire. The Kāyasthas of Vallūr may be treated as the friend’s friend of the conqueror.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mitramitra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mitrāmitra (मित्रामित्र).—friend and foe; मित्राऽमित्रस्य चार्जनम् (mitrā'mitrasya cārjanam) Ms.12.79.

Derivable forms: mitrāmitram (मित्रामित्रम्).

Mitrāmitra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mitra and amitra (अमित्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mitrāmitra (मित्रामित्र).—[neuter] sgl. friend and foe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mitramitra (मित्रमित्र):—[=mitra-mitra] [from mitra] n. ‘a fr° of the fr°’, id est. that king who is separated from another k° by an ‘enemy’ (the next neighbour) and the ‘friend’ (the neigh° of the prec°) and the ‘friend of the enemy’ (the neigh° of the prec°), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

2) Mitrāmitra (मित्रामित्र):—[from mitra] n. sg. friend and foe, [Manu-smṛti xii, 79.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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