Lit, Liṭ: 5 definitions



Lit means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Liṭ (लिट्).—An affix of the perfect tense; cf. परोक्षे लिट् (parokṣe liṭ) P.III.2.115 for which the specific affixes णल्, अतुस् उस् (ṇal, atus us) etc. are substituted after roots which take Parasmaipada affixes. Before the lit affixes, a monosyllabic root is reduplicated while dissyllabic roots and denominative and other secondary roots, formed by adding an affix to an original root,take the affix आम् (ām) after which all 'liț' personal endings are dropped and the forms of the roots कृ, भू (kṛ, bhū) and अस् (as) with the necessary personal-endings, are placed immediately after the word ending in आम् (ām), but often with the intervention of a word or more in the Vedic language and rarely in the classical language; cf. तं पातयां प्रथममास पपात पश्चात् (taṃ pātayāṃ prathamamāsa papāta paścāt); cf. कास्प्रत्यया-दाममन्त्रे लिटि (kāspratyayā-dāmamantre liṭi) P.III.I. 35 to 42.

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Lit (लित्).—An affix marked with the mute letter ल् (l) such as ल्युट्, तातिल्, तल्, तसिल्, विधल्, भक्तल् (lyuṭ, tātil, tal, tasil, vidhal, bhaktal) etc. where the mute ल् (l) signifies the acute accent for the vowel of the base which immediately precedes the affix; e. g. चिकीर्षकः (cikīrṣakaḥ); in which the vowel ई (ī) is acute; cf. लिति (liti) VI.1.193.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Liṭ (लिट्).—A technical term in grammer used by Pāṇini to denote the Perfect tense or its terminations.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Liṭ (लिट्).—[substantive] the perfect & its endings ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Liṭ (लिट्):—(in gram.) Name of the terminations of the Reduplicated Perfect Tense or Name of that Tense itself.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Liṭ (लिट्):—die Personalendungen des Perfects , das Perfect [239,29.241.24.]

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Ḷṭ (ऌट्):—die Personalendungen des Futurum auf sya dieses Futurum [241,6.243,17.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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