Krishika, Kṛṣika, Kṛṣikā: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Krishika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṛṣika and Kṛṣikā can be transliterated into English as Krsika or Krishika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kṛṣikā (कृषिका) is another name for Ākhukarṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Ipomoea reniformis, synonym of Merremia emarginata (kidney leaf morning glory) from the Convolvulaceae or “morning glory family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.67-68 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Kṛṣikā and Ākhukarṇī, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Kṛṣikā (कृषिका) or Kṛṣikarī is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Kṛṣika [or Kṛṣikara] forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Kṛṣikā] and Vīras are whitish red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛṣika (कृषिक).—c S kṛṣijīvī m S kṛṣīvala m S A husbandman, cultivator, peasant. Ex. jasē kṛṣivala yēkasarēṃ || kaṇasēṃ chēdī yēkaśarēṃ ||. Also tayāsamīpa kṛṣi- vala yānēṃ || śēta pērilēṃ hōtēṃ jāṇa ||.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛṣika (कृषिक).—[kṛṣ-ānak-kikan vā] A ploughman, husbandman.

Derivable forms: kṛṣikaḥ (कृषिकः).

See also (synonyms): kṛṣāṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛṣika (कृषिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The plough-share. 2. A husband-man a cultivator. E. kṛṣ to plough, Unadi affix kikan; also kṛṣaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛśikā (कृशिका):—[from kṛśaka > kṛś] f. the plant Salvinia cucculata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. kārśakeya.)

2) Kṛṣikā (कृषिका):—[from kṛṣaka > kṛṣ] f. cultivation of the soil, [Cāṇakya]

3) Kṛṣika (कृषिक):—[from kṛṣ] m. ([Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 41]) a cultivator of the soil, husbandman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the ploughshare, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛṣika (कृषिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A husbandman; a ploughshare.

[Sanskrit to German]

Krishika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṛṣika (ಕೃಷಿಕ):—

1) [noun] a man who earns a living by farming; esp., one who manages or operates a farm; a farmer; an agriculturist.

2) [noun] the vertical cutting blade fixed in front of the share in a plough; a ploughshare.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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