Kharava, aka: Kharavā; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kharava means something in the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geogprahy

Kharava (or, Kharavā) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to various sources. The associated place of origin is known as Kherava (or, Kheravā). The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Kharava), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Kharava) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (eg., Kharava) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places (eg., Kherava), and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

Source: Wisdom Library: India History
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Kharava in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kharāva (खराव).—m unc Raising (a post, pillar, beam) by adding a piece to the top or by placing a body underneath. 2 The piece added or body placed. 3 The increased height.

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khāravā (खारवा).—m A kind of cloth; of cotton, dark-red, and made in Gujarat.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

khāravā (खारवा).—m A kind of cloth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 2 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kharavi
khāravī (खारवी).—m A tiler. A seaman.
Kharavem
khāravēṃ (खारवें).—n A sort of lugaḍēṃ usually of the color of khāravā.

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