Karmavipaka, Karmavipāka, Karman-vipaka: 12 definitions



Karmavipaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Karmavipaka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक) or Karmavipākajñānabala refers to one of the “ten powers” (daśabala) of the Bodhisattva, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 39. Accordingly, “by the power of the knowledge of retribution of actions (karmavipāka-jñānabala), he distinguishes and evaluates in one given person the obstacle consisting of action (karmāvaraṇa), in another person the obstacle consisting of retribution (vipākāvaraṇa), in yet another person the absence of obstacles”.

Also, “the Śrāvakas know only that bad action is punished and good action rewarded, but they are unable to analyze the problem with such clarity. The Buddha himself understands fully and completely both action and the retribution of action (karmavipāka). The power of his knowledge (jñāna-prabhāva) is without obstacle (avyāhata), is indestructible (akṣaya) and invincible (ajeya): this is why it is described as the second ‘power’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Karmavipaka in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक) or Karmavipākajñānabala refers to the “strength of knowing deeds and results” and represents on of the ten Jñānabalas (“strength of knowledge”), as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 76). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., karma-vipāka). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karmavipaka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक).—m (S) The name of a treatise upon sins and their sure products in after births.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक).—m The result of one's actions or religious observances, the fruit brought about by the law of causa- tion in the sphere of men's actions.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Karmavipaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक).—= कर्मपाक (karmapāka).

Karmavipāka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms karman and vipāka (विपाक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक).—m. the ripening of actions, retribution, Mahābhārata 4, 1405.

Karmavipāka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms karman and vipāka (विपाक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक).—[masculine] = karmapāka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Kh. 64. Haug. 46. Burnell. 202^b. Poona. 436. 627. Bhr. 89. Oppert. Ii, 5484. Laghukarmavipāka. Pheh. 4. See Bṛhaddharmapurāṇa.
—by Brahmadeva. B. 3, 74.
—by Bharata. B. 3, 74.
—by Bhṛgu. K. 168.
—by Mādhavācārya. Oppert. 5921.
—by Māndhātṛ. K. 168. B. 3, 76. Np. Vii, 20. Oppert. Ii, 7275. See Mahārṇavakarmavipāka.
—by Maulugi. Gu. 5.
—by Rāmakṛṣṇācārya. B. 3, 74.
—by Viśveśvara Bhaṭṭa. K. 168. Oppert. 34. 1785. 2784. 4520. 4617. 6503. 7090. 7278. 7881. Ii, 2812. 4508. 7515. 8133. 8828. 9141. See Mahārṇavakarmavipāka.
—by Śaṅkara Bhaṭṭa. Io. 84. Oxf. 281^a. Hall. p. 177. Ben. 133. Burnell. 136^a.
—from Śātātapasmṛti. Oxf. 271^a. Bik. 403. Karmavipāke Apāmārjanastotram. H. 27.

2) Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक):—jy. Oudh. Xvii, 34.

3) Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक):—med. B. 4, 220. Rādh. 31.

4) Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक):—from the Śātātapasmṛti. read Oxf. 271^b.

5) Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक):—[dharma] Oudh. Xx, 172.
—by Māndhātṛ i. e. Viśveśvara Bhaṭṭa. Peters. 4, 9.
—from the Śātātapasmṛti. Stein 84.
—from the Sūryārṇava. Fl. 128.

6) Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक):—jy. Peters. 4, 33.

7) Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक):—[dharma] Ulwar 1278. Extr. 293.
—from the Jñānabhāskara. Ulwar 1278. Extr. 293.
—from the Bṛhaddharmapurāṇa. Cs. 2, 33. 34 (inc.).
—from the Śātātapasmṛti. Cs. 2, 32. 36 (inc.).
—from the Sūryārṇava, in 12 adhyāyāḥ. Ulwar 1278. Extr. 293.
—by Kāṃhaḍasūnu, a grandson of Padmanābha. Bhr. 124. Cs. 2, 37.
—by Sāyaṇa. Hz. 146.

8) Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक):—[dharma] Peters. 5, 85.
—by Śātātapa. Ak 339.
—attributed to Bhṛgu. As p. 36 (2 Mss.). Cr.
—from the Jñānabhāskara. As p. 36 (2 Mss.). L.. 550-553.
—from the Sūryārṇava. L.. 554 (Sarvasārasaṃgraha). 555 (dialogue between Brahman and Nārada, in 12 chapters). Peters. 6, 65.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karmavipāka (कर्मविपाक):—[=karma-vipāka] [from karma > karman] m. ‘the ripening of actions’ id est. the good or evil consequences in this life of human acts performed in previous births (eighty-six consequences are spoken of in the Śātātapa-smṛti), [Mahābhārata; Yājñavalkya etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of several works

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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