Kad, Kaḍ: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kad°, (old form of interr. pron. nt. , equal to kiṃ; cp. (Vedic) kad in kadarthaṃ=kiṃarthaṃ to what purpose) orig. “what?” used adverbially; then indef. “any kind of, ” as (na) kac(—cana) “not at all”; kac-cid “any kind of; is it anything? what then?” Mostly used in disparaging sense of showing inferiority, contempt, or defectiveness, and equal to kā° (in denoting badness or smallness, e.g. kākaṇika, kāpurisa, see also kantāra & kappaṭa), kiṃ°, ku. ° For relation of ku›ka cp. kutra› kattha & kadā.

—anna bad food Kacc 178. —asana id. Kacc 178. —dukkha (?) great evil (=death) VvA. 316 (explained as maraṇa, cp. kaṭuka). (Page 184)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of kad in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaḍ (कड्).—I. 1 U. (kaḍati-te, kaḍita)

1) To be proud.

2) To unhusk; cf. कण्ड् (kaṇḍ).

3) To be disturbed or confused. -II. 6 P. To eat, consume. -III. 1 U.

1) To protect.

2) To remove the chaff or husk of grain.

3) To break off a part, separate or detach, tear.

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Kad (कद्).—I. 4 Ā. (kadyate) To be confounded or confused, to suffer mentally. -II. 1 Ā. (kadate) also 1 P.

1) To cry, to weep or shed tears.

2) To grieve.

3) To call.

4) To kill or hurt; see कन्द् (kand).

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Kad (कद्).—ind. [kad-kvipa] Ved. A particle of interrogation, 'where'. This particle which is a substitute for the word कु (ku) is often used as the first member of a comp. and expresses the senses of badness, littleness, deterioration, uselessness, defectiveness &c. of anything; नियच्छ मन्युं कददाः स्म मानः (niyaccha manyuṃ kadadāḥ sma mānaḥ) Bhāg.7.5.28. [कद (kada)] a.

1) Giving water.

2) Giving happiness.

-daḥ A cloud.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaḍ (कड्).—[kaḍa] r. 1st and 6th cls. (kaḍati) To be confused or disturbed by pleasure or pain, to be proud or mad, (the roots differ in some of the inflections). (i) kaḍi r. 1st cl. (kaṇḍate) The same as the preceding; also r. 1st and 10th cls. (kaṇḍati, kaṇḍayati) 1. To break off a part, to tear, to separate or detach. 2. To remove the chaff or husk of grain, &c. 3. To preserve.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaḍ (कड्).—i. 1 and 6, [Parasmaipada.] To be glad. i. 6, [Parasmaipada.] To eat. i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] To remove the husk of grain.

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Kad (कद्).—[ka + d] (the old nom. acc. sing. n. of kim; cf. [Latin] quod; [Old High German.] huaz; A. S. hvät). 1. With following cid

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Kad (कद्).—or † kand Kand, or † krand Krand, or † kland Kland, i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] 1. † To be confused. 2. † To confound. 3. To kill; cakāda, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 65, 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kad (कद्).—(Ved. [neuter] [accusative] sgl. of 1 ka) nonne, num? [with] neg. & cana by no means; kaccid & kaccinnu = kad alone. Often °—, where it marks abnormity or defectiveness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaḍ (कड्):—[class] 1. [Parasmaipada] kaḍati, to be confused or disturbed by pleasure or pain;

—to be elated or intoxicated, [Dhātupāṭha] : [class] 6. [Parasmaipada] kaḍati, to eat, consume, [Vopadeva] :—[Causal] kāḍayati, to break off a part, separate, divide;

—to remove the chaff or husk of grain etc.;

—to preserve, [Dhātupāṭha xxxii, 44] (cf. kaṇḍ.)

2) Kad (कद्):—1. kad [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] kadate, cakāda ([Rāmāyaṇa [edition] Gorresio vi, 65, 23]; but, [Rāmāyaṇa [edition] [Bombay edition] vi, 86, 24] reads cakāra),

2) —to be confused, suffer mentally;

2) —to grieve;

2) —to confound;

2) —to kill or hurt;

2) —to call;

2) —to cry or shed tears, [Dhātupāṭha xix, 10.]

3) 2. kad ind. (originally the neuter form of the interrogative pronoun ka), a particle of interrogation (= [Latin] nonne, num), [Ṛg-veda]

4) anything wrong or bad, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vii, 5, 28] (cf. below)

5) = sukha, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

6) is used, like kim, with the particles cana and cid, ‘sometimes, now and then’

7) [kac-cana] with the negation na, ‘in no way or manner’ [Ṛg-veda]

8) [kac-cid] is also used, like the simple kad, as a particle of interrogation (e.g. kaccid dṛṣṭā tvayā rājan damayantī, was Damayantī seen by thee, O king?), [Mahābhārata, or] kaccid may be translated by ‘I hope that’

9) at the beginning of a compound it may mark the uselessness, badness or defectiveness of anything, as in the following examples.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaḍ (कड्):—(śa) kaḍati 1. 6. a. To be disturbed with pleasure or pain.

2) (i ṅa) kaṇḍate 1. d. Idem.

3) (i ka) kaṇḍayati 10. a. To break, separate; to keep, preserve.

4) Kad (कद्):—(i) kandati 1. a. To call; to cry.

5) (ū, i) kandate kadate 1. d. To grieve, to confound, to kill.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kaḍ (कड्):—, kaḍati sich freuen [DHĀTUP. 9, 78.] kaḍati dass. [28, 86.] verzehren [Vopadeva’s Grammatik] kāḍayati Korn von den Hülsen befreien [DHĀTUP. 32, 44.] — Vgl. kaṇḍ .

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Kad (कद्):—

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Kad (कद्):—2. mit dem perf. cakāda in der Verb. cakāda kadanam er richtete eine Vernichtung an [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 65, 23.] kad, kadate als Var. von kand, kandate [DHĀTUP. 19, 10.]

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Kad (कद्):—1.

4) Schol. kat kutsitaṃ doṣaṃ mā sma adāḥ .

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Kad (कद्):—1.

6) b) num und nonne zu versetzen. Vgl. noch [Raghuvaṃśa 5, 5. 6. 6, 35.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 10, 4.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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