Iddhi: 6 definitions
Iddhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
Iddhi.—(F) “Psychical power”.Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Iddhi refers to “power”, ”magical power”. The magical powers constitute one of the 6 kinds of higher spiritual powers (abhiññā, q.v.). One distinguishes many kinds of magical powers:
- the power of determination (adhitthān' iddhi), i.e. the power of becoming oneself manifold;
- the power of transformation (vikubbana iddhi), i.e. the power of adopting another form;
- the power of spiritual creation (manomaya iddhi), i.e. the power of letting issue from this body another mentally produced body;
- the power of penetrating knowledge (ñāna-vipphara iddhi), i.e. the power of inherent insight to remain unhurt in danger;
- the power of penetrating concentration (samādhivippharā iddhi) producing the same result.
The magical powers are treated in detail in Vis.M. XII; Pts.M., Vibh.—(App.). They are not a necessary condition for final deliverance.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
There are ten kinds of iddhi (magical processes) defined in sources such as Paṭisambhidā, Visuddhimagga and Atthasālini:
- Adhiṭṭhānā-iddhi, magic by virtue of an act of will,
- Vikubbanā-iddhi, magic of bodily transformation.
- Manomayā-iddhi, creation of a physical body, the double of oneself.
- Ñāṇavipphārā-iddhi, magic resulting from an intervention of knowledge.
- Samādhivipphārā-iddhi, magic resulting from an intervention of the mind in concentration.
- Ariyā-iddhi, noble magic,
- Kammavipākajā-iddhi, magic resulting from the retribution of actions.
- Puññavato-iddhi, magic belonging to the deserving person.
- Vijjāmayā-iddhi, magic of the scientific order, resulting from progress in the sciences.
- Tattha-tattha-sammāpayogapaccayā-ijjhanaṭṭhena-iddhi, magic the success of which is assured by a correct undertaking in such and such a realm.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
iddhi : (f.) prosperity; potency; psychic power.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Iddhi, (Vedic ṛddhi from ardh, to prosper; Pali ijjhati). There is no single word in English for Iddhi, as the idea is unknown in Europe. The main sense seems to be “potency” .—1. Pre-Buddhistic; the Iddhi of a layman. The four Iddhis of a king are personal beauty, long life, good health, and popularity (D. II, 177; M. III, 176, cp. J. III, 454 for a later set). The Iddhi of a rich young noble is 1. The use of a beautiful garden, 2. of soft and pleasant clothing, 3. of different houses for the different seasons, 4. of good food, A. I, 145. At M. I, 152 the Iddhi of a hunter, is the craft and skill with which he captures game; but at p. 155 other game have an Iddhi of their own by which they outwit the hunter. The Iddhi, the power of a confederation of clans, is referred to at D. II, 72. It is by the Iddhi they possess that birds are able to fly (Dhp 175).—2. Psychic powers. including most of those claimed for modern mediums (see under Abhiññā). Ten such are given in a stock paragraph. They are the power to project mind-made images of oneself; to become invisible; to pass through solid things, such as a wall; to penetrate solid ground as if it were water; to walk on water; to fly through the air; to touch sun and moon; to ascend into the highest heavens (D. I, 77, 212; II, 87, 213; III, 112, 281; S. II, 121; V, 264, 303; A. I, 170, 255; III, 17, 28, 82, 425; V, 199; Ps. I, 111; II, 207; Vism. 378 sq. , 384; DA. I, 122). For other such powers see S. I, 144; IV, 290; V, 263; A. III, 340.—3. The Buddhist theory of Iddhi. At D. I, 213 the Buddha is represented as saying: “It is because I see danger in the practice of these mystic wonders that I loathe and abhor and am ashamed thereof” . The mystic wonder that he himself believed in and advocated (p. 214) was the wonder of education. What education was meant in the case of Iddhi, we learn from M. I, 34; A. III, 425, and from the four bases of Iddhi, the Iddhipādā. They are the making determination in respect of concentration on purpose, on will, on thoughts & on investigation (D. II, 213; M. I, 103; A. I, 39, 297; II, 256; III, 82; Ps. I, 111; II 154, 164, 205; Vbh. 216). It was ar offence against the regulations of the Saṅgha for a Bhikkhu to display before the laity these psychic powers beyond the capacity of ordinary men (Vin. II, 112). And falsely to claim the possession of such powers involved expulsion from the Order (Vin. III, 91). The psychic powers of Iddhi were looked upon as inferior (as the Iddhi of an unconverted man seeking his own profit), compared to the higher Iddhi, the Ariyan Iddhi (D. III, 112; A. I, 93; Vin. II, 183). There is no valid evidence that any one of the ten Iddhis in the above list actually took place. A few instances are given, but all are in texts more than a century later than the recorded wonder. And now for nearly two thousand years we have no further instances. Various points on Iddhi discussed at Dial. I. 272, 3; Cpd. 60 ff.; Expositor 121. Also at Kvu 55; Ps. II, 150; Vism. XII; DhA. I, 91; J. I, 47, 360.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Iddhi (इद्धि).—(= Pali-Prakrit id.; MIndic for ṛddhi), magic power: Mahāvastu ii.322.1 (verse; read) marūṇa rājā vaśir iddhiprāpto (or perhaps vaśi riddhi°, see this; text divides wrongly, va śiriddhi°).
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Iddhabhisankhara, Iddhanubhava, Iddhi Sutta, Iddhibala, Iddhika, Iddhikatha, Iddhimant, Iddhimantu, Iddhipada, Iddhipada Samyutta, Iddhipada Sutta, Iddhipada Vagga, Iddhipatihariya, Iddhivaddhana, Iddhividha, Iddhivikubbana, Iddhivisaya, Iddhiya, Iddhiyana.
Ends with (+350): Abhimatasiddhi, Abhishtasiddhi, Abhisiddhi, Abhivivriddhi, Abhivriddhi, Abhyantara-siddhi, Adhikddhi, Adivriddhi, Advaitabrahmasiddhi, Advaitasiddhi, Agnivriddhi, Ahimsasiddhi, Ajadapramatrisiddhi, Ajnasiddhi, Alokanasiddhi, Alokavriddhi, Amoghasiddhi, Amritasiddhi, Amtravriddhi, Anagatasiddhi.
Full-text (+134): Vijjamaya, Vikubbana, Adhitthana, Iddhividha, Noble Power, Ariya, Manomaya, Manomaya Iddhi, Riddhipada, Magical Powers, Patihariya, Mahapphala Sutta, Vikubbana Iddhi, Samadhi Vipphara Iddhi, Nana Vipphara Iddhi, Puthujjanika, Visarita, Nanavipphara, Kammavipakaja, Punnavato.
Search found 24 books and stories containing Iddhi; (plurals include: Iddhis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Ten kinds of iddhi (supernormal power) < [Chapter 6 - On Pāramitā]
(8) Eighth Pāramī: The Perfection of Resolution (adhiṭṭhāna-pāramī) < [Chapter 6 - On Pāramitā]
Part 1 - Discourse on the practice of Meditation < [Chapter 20 - The Six Princes achieved different Attainments]
Vinaya (3): The Cullavagga (by T. W. Rhys Davids)
Cullavagga, Khandaka 5, Chapter 8 < [Khandaka 5 - On the Daily Life of the Bhikkhus]
Cullavagga, Khandaka 7, Chapter 2 < [Khandaka 7 - Dissensions in the Order]
Cullavagga, Khandaka 7, Chapter 1 < [Khandaka 7 - Dissensions in the Order]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Preliminary note (2): The abhijñās in the Abhidharma < [Part 1 - Becoming established in the six superknowledges]
Bodhisattva quality 5: the five superknowledges (pañcābhijña) < [Chapter X - The Qualities of the Bodhisattvas]
Story of Devadatta, the victim of profit and honors < [Chapter XXIV - The Virtue of Patience]
The Book of Protection (by Piyadassi Thera)
Dhammapada (Illustrated) (by Ven. Weagoda Sarada Maha Thero)
Verse 175 - The Story of Thirty Monks < [Chapter 13 - Loka Vagga (World)]
Verse 203 - The Story of a Lay-Disciple < [Chapter 15 - Sukha Vagga (Happiness)]
Verse 163 - The Story of Schism in the Sangha < [Chapter 12 - Atta Vagga (Self)]
Guide to Tipitaka (by U Ko Lay)