Suvarnabhumi, Suvarna-bhumi, Suvarṇabhūmi: 4 definitions



Suvarnabhumi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Suvarnabhumi in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Suvarṇabhūmi (सुवर्णभूमि) is the name of an island, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 52. Accordingly, “... then the merchant Hiraṇyagupta got together wares and went off to an island named Suvarṇabhūmi to trade, and he took that Anaṅgaprabhā with him, out of fear of being separated from her, and journeying on his way he at last reached the city of Sāgarapura. There he fell in with a chief of fishermen, a native of that place, Sāgaravīra by name, whom he found in that city near the sea”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Suvarṇabhūmi, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Suvarnabhumi in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Suvarṇabhūmi (सुवर्णभूमि) or “golden island” is where the blind sailor Dāsa was buried, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX). Accordingly, “They came to the craggy shore and according to Dāsa’s advice, the bodhisattva tried to grab a branch and succeeded in saving himself. He took Dāsa’s body and buried it in the Golden Island (Suvarṇabhūmi). Then he went on alone according to the instructions previously given”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suvarnabhumi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suvarṇabhūmi (सुवर्णभूमि):—[=su-varṇa-bhūmi] [from su-varṇa] f. = -dvīpa, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Jātakamālā]

[Sanskrit to German]

Suvarnabhumi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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