Gautami, Gautamī: 8 definitions

Introduction

Gautami means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Gautamī (गौतमी).—Another name of Kṛpi, wife of Droṇa. (See under Kṛpī).

2) Gautamī (गौतमी).—The woman called Jaṭilā belonging to the family of Gautama is known as Gautamī also. (See under Jaṭilā).

3) Gautamī (गौतमी).—A brāhmaṇī whose son succumbed to snake-bite. (See Arjuna).

4) Gautamī (गौतमी).—A river referred to in verse 71, Chapter 165 of Anuśāsana Parva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gautamī (गौतमी).—A daughter of Satyadhṛti found in a bed of kuśa grass;1 the mother of Aśvatthāma; called also Kṛpī; one among the party that welcomed Vidura in Hastināpura.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 204.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 7. 33 and 45-47; 13. 4.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gautamī (गौतमी) or Mahāprajāpatī Gautamī is mentioned in the Dakkhiṇāvibhaṅgasutta in Majjhima, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Accordingly, “one day the Blessed One was at Kapilavastu among the Śākyas, in the Nyagrodha monastery. Then Mahāprajāptī, the Gautamī, carrying two new robes, went to the Blessed One and, having approached, she bowed down to the Blessed One and sat down to one side...”.

Note: This is Mahāprajāpatī Gautamī, born to Devadaha, of the Śākya Añjana. Her brothers were Daṇḍapāṇi and Suprabuddha and her sister was Mahāmāyā, mother of the Buddha. The latter had died eight days after the birth and Mahāprajāpatī took the place of mother to the Buddha. Like her sister, she was the wife of Śuddhodana to whom she had born a son, the handsome Nanda. The Buddha accepted his aunt into the Buddhist order with her five hundred companions.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Epigraphia Indica Vol. 36: Tenali plates of eastern Chālukya Vijayāditya I grant

Gautamī (गौतमी) is another name for Godāvarī, a river found witin Triliṅga: an ancient Sanskrit name of the Andhra country, accoriding to verses on the Annavarappāḍu plates of Kāṭaya Vema Reḍḍi. The Reḍḍis (Reddy) were an ancient Telugu dynasty from the 14th century who brought about a golden age of the Andhra country. According to the plates, their captial was named Addaṅki (Addaṃki) which resembled Heaven (Amarāvatī) by the beauty of its horses, the donors and the women. King Vema, son of Anna-bhūpati of the Paṇṭa family, can be identified with Anavema of the inscription at Śrīśaila.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gautamī (गौतमी).—f (S) A name of the river gōdāvarī. 2 Applied fancifully to a cow.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gautamī (गौतमी).—

1) Name of Kṛpī, wife of Droṇa.

2) An epithet of the Godāvarī.

3) The teaching of Buddha.

4) The Nyāya system of philosophy propounded by Gautama.

5) Turmeric.

6) A kind of yellow pigment.

7) An epithet of Durgā.

8) Name of the river Gomatī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gautamī (गौतमी).—(= Pali Gotamī; once Got°, q.v.), family-name of Mahāprajāpatī, to which Gau° is regularly added, see citations s.v. Mahāp°; rarely used alone, Mv iii.137.13 (verse); Karmav 158.19 (voc., in address by the Buddha).

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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