Dharmavyadha, Dharmavyādha: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dharmavyadha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Dharmavyadha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Dharmavyādha (धर्मव्याध) is the name of a seller of meat (māṃsavikrayin), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, “... the hermit (muni), thus addressed by the all-knowing faithful wife, took the portion of a guest and, after bowing before her, departed. The next day he went in search of that Dharmavyādha, and approached him as he was selling flesh in his shop’”.

The story of Dharmavyādha was narrated by Candrasvāmin to his son Mahīpāla in order to demonstrate that “devotion to [one’s parents] is a wishing-cow of plenty”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dharmavyādha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dharmavyadha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dharmavyādha (धर्मव्याध).—Though he was born in the caste of foresters he became a saint by following the path of duty and righteousness. In his previous birth he was a Brahmin. He was a friend of a king who was an adept in archery. Once both went on hunting expedition to the forest. The brahmin sent an arrow at a wild animal but the arrow went and struck a sage who was doing penance under a tree. When the sage was rolling on the arrow he said: "Oh, evil-natured Brāhmaṇa, may you be born as a hunter selling flesh in your next life." The Brahmin went and apologised to the sage and craved for pardon. Taking pity on him the sage consoled him by saying that though he would be born as such, he would be a great scholar and attain mokṣa by doing his duty without even once wavering from it.

The Brahmin was born a hunter in the country of Mithilā He took to looking after his parents as a vow and soon became a top-ranking righteous man. He did his duty to which he was born. He sold meat and earned a living. He never killed or butchered an animal. One day a Brahmin named Kauśika was doing penance sitting under a tree when a crane perched on the top of its branches defiled the Brahmin’s head with its droppings. The Brahmin in rage looked up and his powerful stare burnt the crane and it fell down dead. Leaving that place some time later he went to a house to beg. The house-wife informed him that he would be given alms only after attending to her husband. The Brahmin was not pleased with her reply. Seeing that she added "Please do not look at me like that. I am no crane. To me my husband is supreme." (See full article at Story of Dharmavyādha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Shodhganga: Apaddharma in the Mahabharata

Dharmavyādha (धर्मव्याध).—According to the Mahābhārata (mārkaṇḍeyasamāsyāparvan 3.205-216), Dharmavyādha, in his previous birth, was a Brahmin, vwell experienced and proficient in the Vedas and Vedāṅgas. He had a king for his friend. Once while the kign went out a hunting, the Brahmin also accompanied him. There he shoot at a deer by an arrow. But unfortunately it was not a deer, but a sage in disguise. The sage cursed him to be born in a śūdra clan as a fowler. In the following birth the Brahmin became a fowler by caste but he could remember his past life. He sold meat as it was his ‘svaddharma’ (duty of his own caste) but never killed any animal. He served his parents and observed other duties sincerely and at last ascended to the heaven. Thus he made expiation for his sins committed in previous birth.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Dharmavyadha in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Dharmavyadha (धर्मव्‍याध): He possessed the secret of good life and lived in the city of Mithila. He was a meat-seller.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dharmavyadha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmavyādha (धर्मव्याध).—m. the pious hunter, epithet of a Brāhmaṇa re-born as hunter in consequence of a curse, Mahābhārata 3, 13710.

Dharmavyādha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharma and vyādha (व्याध).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmavyādha (धर्मव्याध):—[=dharma-vyādha] [from dharma > dhara] m. ‘the righteous hunter’, Name of a Brāhman changed into a hunter in consequence of a curse, [Mahābhārata iii; Śukasaptati] (according to the [Varāha-purāṇa] of a Brāhman killer born as a hunter from the body of Vasu, king of Kaśmīra).

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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