Dharmavyadha, aka: Dharmavyādha; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dharmavyadha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Dharmavyadha in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dharmavyādha (धर्मव्याध).—Though he was born in the caste of foresters he became a saint by following the path of duty and righteousness. In his previous birth he was a Brahmin. He was a friend of a king who was an adept in archery. Once both went on hunting expedition to the forest. The brahmin sent an arrow at a wild animal but the arrow went and struck a sage who was doing penance under a tree. When the sage was rolling on the arrow he said: "Oh, evil-natured Brāhmaṇa, may you be born as a hunter selling flesh in your next life." The Brahmin went and apologised to the sage and craved for pardon. Taking pity on him the sage consoled him by saying that though he would be born as such, he would be a great scholar and attain mokṣa by doing his duty without even once wavering from it.

The Brahmin was born a hunter in the country of Mithilā He took to looking after his parents as a vow and soon became a top-ranking righteous man. He did his duty to which he was born. He sold meat and earned a living. He never killed or butchered an animal. One day a Brahmin named Kauśika was doing penance sitting under a tree when a crane perched on the top of its branches defiled the Brahmin’s head with its droppings. The Brahmin in rage looked up and his powerful stare burnt the crane and it fell down dead. Leaving that place some time later he went to a house to beg. The house-wife informed him that he would be given alms only after attending to her husband. The Brahmin was not pleased with her reply. Seeing that she added "Please do not look at me like that. I am no crane. To me my husband is supreme." (See full article at Story of Dharmavyādha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Dharmavyadha in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dharmavyādha (धर्मव्याध).—According to the Mahābhārata (mārkaṇḍeyasamāsyāparvan 3.205-216), Dharmavyādha, in his previous birth, was a Brahmin, vwell experienced and proficient in the Vedas and Vedāṅgas. He had a king for his friend. Once while the kign went out a hunting, the Brahmin also accompanied him. There he shoot at a deer by an arrow. But unfortunately it was not a deer, but a sage in disguise. The sage cursed him to be born in a śūdra clan as a fowler. In the following birth the Brahmin became a fowler by caste but he could remember his past life. He sold meat as it was his ‘svaddharma’ (duty of his own caste) but never killed any animal. He served his parents and observed other duties sincerely and at last ascended to the heaven. Thus he made expiation for his sins committed in previous birth.

Source: Shodhganga: Apaddharma in the Mahabharata
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Katha (narrative stories)

Dharmavyadha in Katha glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dharmavyādha (धर्मव्याध) is the name of a seller of meat (māṃsavikrayin), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, “... the hermit (muni), thus addressed by the all-knowing faithful wife, took the portion of a guest and, after bowing before her, departed. The next day he went in search of that Dharmavyādha, and approached him as he was selling flesh in his shop’”.

The story of Dharmavyādha was narrated by Candrasvāmin to his son Mahīpāla in order to demonstrate that “devotion to [one’s parents] is a wishing-cow of plenty”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dharmavyādha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dharmavyadha in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Dharmavyadha (धर्मव्‍याध): He possessed the secret of good life and lived in the city of Mithila. He was a meat-seller.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Relevant definitions

Search found 2 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kaushika
1) Kauśika (कौशिक).—(Viśvāmitra). See under Viśvāmitra. (See full article at Story of Kauśika ...
Kausikam
Kausikam (कौसिकम्): A sage who learnt from Dharmavyadha the secret of Dharma, of performing one...

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