Dhanika, Dhanīkā: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Dhanika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dhanik.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Dhanika (धनिक).—A Sanskrit poet. (See Dhanañjaya IV).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Dhanika (धनिक) is the name of a Bhikṣu according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “It is customary for the Buddhas to ask about what they already know. It is told in the Vinaya that the Bhikṣu Dhanika had built a hut of red brick (lohita-kaṭhalla). The Buddha, who had seen it and knew about it, nevertheless asked Ānanda: ‘Who did that?’ Ānanda replied: ‘It is the son of the potter, the monk (pravrajita) called Dhanika. He had made a hut of leaves which was destroyed over and over again by the cowherders (gopālaka); he built it three times, three times it was destroyed. That is why he made this brick house’”.

Note: The story of Dhanika (in Pāli Dhaniya) is told in all the Vinayas in respect to the second pārājikadharma. As always, it is the Che song liu or the Sarvāstivādin Vinaya that the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra follows here.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Dhanika (धनिक) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Dhanika).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dhanika.—(LP), the owner; cf. Gujarātī dhaṇī; used in the sense of ‘one who is spending or lending money’ in the Maithilī documents (Proc. IHRC, Vol. XVIII, p. 90). Note: dhanika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Dhanin.

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Dhānika.—a coin equal to 4 kārṣāpaṇas or 64 paṇas according to the Kṛtyakalpataru (Vyavahāra-kāṇḍa, ed. K.V. Ranga- swami Aiyanger, p. 125); cf. dhānaka. Note: dhānika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Dhānika.—equal to 4 kārṣāpaṇas or 64 paṇas according to the Kṛtyakalpataru. Note: dhānika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhanika in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dhanika, (Sk. dhanika) a creditor, Th.2, 443, ThA, 271; PvA.276. Cp. dhaniya. (Page 335)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhanika (धनिक).—a. [dhanamādeyatvenāstyasya-ṭhan]

1) Rich, wealthy.

2) Virtuous.

-kaḥ 1 A rich or wealthy man.

2) A moneylender, creditor; दापयेद्धनिकस्यार्थम् (dāpayeddhanikasyārtham) Manusmṛti 8.51; Y.2.55.

3) A husband.

4) The Vaisya class; मुखजा ब्राह्मणास्तात बाहुजाः क्षत्रियाः स्मृताः । ऊरुजा धनिनो राजन् पादजाः परिचारकाः (mukhajā brāhmaṇāstāta bāhujāḥ kṣatriyāḥ smṛtāḥ | ūrujā dhanino rājan pādajāḥ paricārakāḥ) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.296.6.

5) An honest trader.

6) The प्रियङ्गु (priyaṅgu) tree.

-kaḥ, -kam coriander (Mar. dhaṇe, kothīṃbīra).

-kā 1 A virtuous woman.

2) A wife, young woman.

3) Name of a tree (priyaṅgu).

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Dhanīkā (धनीका).—A young girl or woman.

See also (synonyms): dhanī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dhanika (धनिक).—name of a rich householder of Vaiśālī: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.225.4 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanika (धनिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Pious, virtuous, excellent. 2. Rich, opulent. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A wealthy man. 2. A creditor. 3. A husband. 4. Coriander. f.

(-kā) 1. A virtuous or excellent woman. 2. A wife. 3. A young woman. 4. A tree: see priyaṅgu. E. dhana wealth, affix ṭhan dhanamādeyatvena asti asya .

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Dhanīkā (धनीका).—f.

(-kā) A young woman. E. dhana wealth, ṭhak affix, and the vowel made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanika (धनिक).— i. e. dhana + ika, I. adj. Wealthy, [Pañcatantra] 229, 1. Ii. m. A creditor, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 47.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanika (धनिक).—[adjective] rich; [masculine] a rich man, creditor, a man’s name; *[feminine] ā a (good or young) woman.*

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Dhanika (धनिक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Viṣṇu: Daśarūpāvaloka. Quoted Śp. p. 41. Kāvyanirṇaya alaṃk. from which he gives some verses in the preceding commentary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhanika (धनिक):—[from dhan] mfn. wealthy, opulent, [Pañcatantra; Dhūrtasamāgama] (-tā f. wealth, opulence, [Kāvya literature])

2) [v.s. ...] good, virtuous, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a rich man, owner, creditor, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

4) [v.s. ...] a husband, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of [Scholiast or Commentator] on [Daśarūpa]

6) [v.s. ...] m. n. coriander, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Dhanikā (धनिका):—[from dhanika > dhan] f. a virtuous or excellent woman

8) [v.s. ...] any young woman or wife, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Panicum Italicum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Dhanīkā (धनीका):—[from dhan] f. = dhanikā, a young woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Dhānikā (धानिका):—[from dhā] f. See aṅgāra-dh.

12) Dhāṇikā (धाणिका):—[from dhāṇaka] f. pudendum muliebre (?), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] (Comm. ‘a pregnant woman’), [Atharva-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhanika (धनिक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Rich; pious; excellent. m. Coriander; a husband; a creditor. f. A virtuous wife; a girl; a tree.

2) Dhanīkā (धनीका):—(kā) 1. f. A young woman.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dhanika (धनिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dhaṇia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhanika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhanika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dhanika (धनिक) [Also spelled dhanik]:—(a) opulent, wealthy, rich, moneyed; (nm) a wealthy person.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhanika (ಧನಿಕ):—[noun] a rich man.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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