Attha-garudhamma, Aṭṭha-garudhamma, Aṭṭha-garudhammā, Atthagarudhamma: 1 definition


Attha-garudhamma means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Attha-garudhamma in Theravada glossary
Source: Dictionary of Early Buddhist Monastic Terms

Aṭṭhagarudhammā refers to “eight important rules”.—The Buddha, before he condescended to the requests of Ānanda and Mahāpajāpati Gotamī for admitting the woman-folk into the Saṅgha, laid down “Eight Important Rules” (Aṭṭhagarudhammā), which a nun must observe throughout her whole life. These are:

(1) A nun who has received her Upasampadā even a century earlier must pay respect to a monk who has just received his Upasampadā.

(2) A nun must not spend her ‘rainy resort’ (vassāvāsa) at a residence where there is no monk.

(3) A nun must ask on every fortnight the date of Uposatha and the day when she should come for her ‘exhortation’ (Ovāda).

(4) After the ‘rainy resort’ a nun must ‘invite’ Pavāraṇā before both the Bhikkhu and Bhikkhun Saṅghas in respect of three things as to what was seen, or heard or suspected against her character during the Vassāvāsa.

(5) If a nun happens to commit some grievous offence (Saṅghādisesa ), she should undergo a Mānatta of a fortnight before both the Saṅghas of Bhikkhus and Bhikkhunīs.

(6) A Sikkhamānā (probationer) should seek Upasampadā only when she has spent two years of training-period observing the ‘six rules’; and that she should seek for Upasampadā from both the Saṅghas.

(7) A nun should never abuse or revile a monk on any account.

(8) Only monks can ‘admonish’ or ‘exhort’ the nuns but never the nuns can ‘adminish’ or ‘exhort’ the monks.

When these ‘Eight Important Rules’ (aṭṭhagarudhammā) were accepted by Mahāpajāpati Gotamī, the Buddha allowed the initiation of ladies in the Buddhist Order. But He expressed His apprehension that on account of the inclusion of the ladies in the Buddhist Order, the Saṅgha would not last long and it might be detrimental to the very existence of the Dhamma in the world.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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