Caturtha: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Caturtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturtha.

In Hinduism

Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Śikṣā

Caturtha (चतुर्थ, “the fourth”) is the name of a note (svara) used by singers of the sāmas (religious songs from Sāmaveda), corresponding to the ṣaḍja-svara of the flute, according to the Nāradīyā-śīkṣā 1.5.1. The Nāradīyā-śīkṣā is an ancient Sanskrit treatise dealing phonetics and musicology. Its proclaimed author is the Nārada.

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Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Caturtha (चतुर्थ).—A term used by ancient grammarians for the fourth consonants which are sonant aspirates, termed झष् (jhaṣ) by Panini; cf. R. Pr. IV. 2. T. Pr. I. 18, V. Pr. 1 54. R. T. 176.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Caturtha.—(IE 8-8), one-fourth of the standard measure [of liquids like liqour]. Note: caturtha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caturtha (चतुर्थ).—a (S) Fourth.

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caturtha (चतुर्थ).—m (S Fourth.) A covert or allusive term for kāta, mōkṣa, daṇḍa &c. because they are each the fourth of its class or order.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

caturtha (चतुर्थ).—a Fourth.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturtha (चतुर्थ).—a. (rthī f.) चतुर्णां पूरणः डट् युक् च (caturṇāṃ pūraṇaḥ ḍaṭ yuk ca)] The fourth.

-rthaḥ The fourth letter of any class.

-rtham A quarter, a fourth part.

-aṃśa a. receiving a fourth part. (-śaḥ) a quarter or fourth part.

-āśramaḥ the fourth stage of a Brāhmaṇa's religious life, Saṃnyāsa.

-phalam the second inequality or equation of a planet.

-bhakta a. eating the fourth meal.

-bhāj a. receiving a fourth part of every source of income from the subjects, as a king; (this is allowed only in times of financial embarrassments, the usual share being a sixth.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturtha (चतुर्थ).—mfn.

(-rthaḥ-rthā or rthī-rthaṃ) Fourth. f. (-rthī) The fourth lunation. E. catur four. ḍaṭ thuk aff. caturṇī pūraṇaṃ ḍaṭ thuk ca .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturtha (चतुर्थ).—[catur + tha], I. ordin. number, f. thī, Fourth, Chr. 12. Ii. n. A fourth part, Mahābhārata 1, 1822

— Cf. - [Latin] quartus; [Old High German.] fiordo; [Anglo-Saxon.] feordh.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturtha (चतुर्थ).—[feminine] ī the fourth, [neuter] [adverb] the fourth time; subst. the fourth [particle] [feminine] ī the fourth day in a lunar fortnight; the fourth case or its endings ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caturtha (चतुर्थ):—[from catasṛ] a mf(ī)n. ([gana] yājakādi, [Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi 100]) the 4th, [Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. the 4th letter in the first 5 classes of consonants (gh, jh, ḍh, dh, bh), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya; Kāśikā-vṛtti]

3) [v.s. ...] ‘4th caste’, a Śūdra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. ‘constituting the 4th part’, a quarter, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra x, 38]

5) [v.s. ...] (for tuṣṭaya; ifc.) a collection of 4 [Divyāvadāna xxxiii]

6) [from catasṛ] cf. τέταρτος; [Latin] quartus [Lithuanian] ketwirtas; [Slavonic or Slavonian] cetvertyi; [German] vierter.

7) b rthaka, rya See p.385.

8) Cāturtha (चातुर्थ):—[from cātura] mfn. ([from] cat) treated of in the 4th (Adhyāya), [Manu-smṛti ii, 56; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturtha (चतुर्थ):—[(rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) a.] Fourth.

[Sanskrit to German]

Caturtha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caturtha (ಚತುರ್ಥ):—[adjective] constituting a quarter; equal to a quarter.

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Caturtha (ಚತುರ್ಥ):—[noun] a man belonging to śudra caste.

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Cāturtha (ಚಾತುರ್ಥ):—[adjective] preceded by three others in a series occurring at the fourth place; b) designating any of the four equal parts of something.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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