Caturdanta, Catur-danta: 6 definitions

Introduction

Caturdanta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturdanta.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturdanta in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Caturdanta (चतुर्दन्त, “four-tusked”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Caturdantavināyaka, Caturdantagaṇeśa and Caturdantavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Caturdanta is positioned in the South-Western corner of the fifth circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Nai Sarak, Sanatandharm School, D 49/ 10”. Worshippers of Caturdanta will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the destroyer of obstacles by glimpse”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.18627, Lon. 83.00308 (or, 25°11'10.6"N, 83°00'11.1"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Caturdanta, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturdanta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Caturdanta (चतुर्दन्त) is the name of an elephant-leader (gaja-yūthapa), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 62. Accordingly, “... now, once on a time, a leader of a herd of elephants, named Caturdanta, came there [to lake Candrasaras] to drink water, because all the other reservoirs of water were dried up in the drought that prevailed. Then many of the hares [śaśaka], who were the subjects of that king [Śilīmukha], were trampled to death by Caturdanta’s herd, while entering the lake”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Caturdanta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturdanta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturdanta (चतुर्दन्त).—an epithet of Airāvata, the elephant of Indra.

Derivable forms: caturdantaḥ (चतुर्दन्तः).

Caturdanta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and danta (दन्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturdanta (चतुर्दन्त).—m.

(-ntaḥ) Indra'S elephant. E. catur four, and danta a tooth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturdanta (चतुर्दन्त).—m. the name of an elephant, [Pañcatantra] 159, 13.

Caturdanta is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and danta (दन्त).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caturdanta (चतुर्दन्त):—[=catur-danta] [from catur > catasṛ] mfn. ‘having 4 tusks’, Indra’s elephant Airāvata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of an elephant, [Pañcatantra iii, 1, 0/1; Kathāsaritsāgara lxii, 30.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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