Cha: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Cha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chha.

Ambiguity: Although Cha has separate glossary definitions below, it also represents an alternative spelling of the word Ca.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Cha (छ).—tad. affix ईय (īya), added (1) to the words स्वसृ, भ्रातृ (svasṛ, bhrātṛ) and to words ending with the tad. affix फिञ्ः (phiñḥ) cf. P. 19 IV. 1.143,144 and 149; (2) to the dvandva compound of words meaning constellations,to the words अपोनप्तृ, अपांनप्तृ, महेन्द्र, द्यावापृथिवी, शुनासीर (aponaptṛ, apāṃnaptṛ, mahendra, dyāvāpṛthivī, śunāsīra) etc. as also to शर्करा, उत्कर, नड (śarkarā, utkara, naḍa) etc. in certain specified senses, cf. P. IV. 2.6, 28, 29, 32, 48, 84, 90 &91 ;(3) to words beginning with the vowel called Vrddhi (आ,ऐ (ā, ai) or औ),to words ending with गर्त (garta), to words of the गह (gaha) class, and to युष्मद् (yuṣmad) and अस्मद् (asmad) in the शैषिक (śaiṣika) senses, cf. P. IV. 3.114, 137-45 and IV. 3.1 ; (4) to the words जिह्वामूल, अङ्गुलि (jihvāmūla, aṅguli), as also to words ending in वर्ग (varga) in the sense of 'present there '; cf. P.IV.3.62-64; (5) to the words शिशुक्रन्द, यमसम (śiśukranda, yamasama), dvandva compounds, इन्द्रजनन (indrajanana) and others in the sense of 'a book composed in respect of', cf. P.IV. 3.88; (6)to words meaning warrior tribes, to words रैवतिक (raivatika) etc, as also आयुध (āyudha), and अग्र (agra), in some specified senses: cf P.IV. 3.91, 131, IV. 4.14, 117; (7) to all words barring those given as exceptions in the general senses mentioned in the sec. V.I.1-37; (8) to the words पुत्र, कडङ्कर, दक्षिण (putra, kaḍaṅkara, dakṣiṇa), words ending in वत्सर, अनुप्रवचन (vatsara, anupravacana) etc. होत्रा, अभ्यमित्र (hotrā, abhyamitra) and कुशाग्र (kuśāgra) in specified senses; cf. P. V. 1. 40, 69,70,91,92, 111,112,135, V. 2.17, V.3.105; (9) to compound words in the sense of इव (iva); e. g. काकतालीयम्, अजाकृपाणीयम् (kākatālīyam, ajākṛpāṇīyam) etc. cf. V. 3. 106;and (10) to words ending in जति (jati) and स्थान (sthāna) in specified senses; cf. P. V.4, 9,10.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Cha [ꯆꯥ] in the Manipuri language is the name of a plant identified with Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken from the Sapindaceae (Soapberry) family. For the possible medicinal usage of cha, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Cha [ꯆꯥ] in the Manipuri language is the name of a plant identified with Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze from the Theaceae (Tea) family.

Cha [ಚಾ] in the Kannada language, ibid. previous identification.

Cha [চা] in the Bengali language, ibid. previous identification.

Cha [চা] in the Assamese language, ibid. previous identification.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cha.—(PJS) written as a mark indicating the end of a section of a record or of the whole of it. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. XXX, p. 218. Note: cha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cha : (adj.) six.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cha, & Chaḷ (cha in composition effects gemination of consonant, e.g. chabbīsati=cha+vīsati, chabbaṇṇa= cha+vaṇṇa, chaḷ only before vowels in compn: chaḷaṅga, chaḷ-abhiññā) (Vedic ṣaṣ & ṣaṭ (ṣaḍ=chaḷ), Gr. e(/c, Lat. sex, Goth, saihs) the number six.

Cases: Nom. cha, Gen. channaṃ, Instr. chahi (& chambhī (?) J.IV, 310, which should be chambhi & prob. chabbhi=ṣaḍbhiḥ; see also chambhī), Loc. chasu (& chassu), num. ord. chaṭṭha the sixth. Cp. also saṭṭhi (60) soḷasa (16). Six is applied whenever a “major set” is concerned (see 2), as in the foll.: 6 munis are distinguished at Nd2 514 (in pairs of 3: see muni); 6 bhikkhus as a “clique” (see chabaggiya, cp. the Vestal virgins in Rome, 6 in number); 6 are the sciences of the Veda (see chaḷaṅga); there are 6 buddha-dhammā (Nd2 466); 6 viññāṇakāyā (see upadhi); 6 senses & sense-organs (see āyatana) — cha dānasālā J.I, 282; oraṃ chahi māsehi kālakiriyā bhavissati (l shall die in 6 months, i.e. not just yet, but very soon, after the “next” moon) Pv IV.335. Six bodily faults J.I, 394 (viz. too long, too short, too thin, too fat, too black, too white). Six thousand Gandhabbas J.II, 334.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cha (छ).—The seventh consonant, the aspirate of ca, expressed by Chh. For the discrimination of the two sounds of this letter see and apply the observations under च.

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cha (छ).—A covert mark in bills and notes for candra the moon, in expressing the date of the month. cha is used for caṃ according to a certain old tale.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cha (छ).—The 7th consonant. An interj. of contempt; pish!

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cha (छ).—a.

1) Pure, clean.

2) Trembling, unsteady.

-chaḥ 1 A part, fragment.

3) Cutting, dividing. Enm. says : छः सोमः (chaḥ somaḥ)

-chā 1 Covering, concealing.

2) An infant, a child.

3) Quick-silver.

4) The number seven; छा च रुट् (chā ca ruṭ) ibid.

-cham A house; छमर्चिर्भूतलं स्वः स्यात् कूटं कूलं मुखं कुलम् (chamarcirbhūtalaṃ svaḥ syāt kūṭaṃ kūlaṃ mukhaṃ kulam) | ibid. Nm. says : 'छ इत्याच्छादनेऽब्जे च छं क्लीबे संवृतौ पुमान् । त्रिष्वयं निर्मले नित्ये मलिने भेदकेऽपि च (cha ityācchādane'bje ca chaṃ klībe saṃvṛtau pumān | triṣvayaṃ nirmale nitye maline bhedake'pi ca) ||

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Cha (छ).—1 P. (chamati) To eat, consume.

Derivable forms: cham (छम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cha (छ).—The aspirated letter corresponding to the preceding, and expressed by Ch'h.

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Cha (छ).—mfn. (chaḥ-chā-chaṃ) 1. Pure, clean. 2. Trembling, tremulous, unsteady. m. (chaḥ) Cutting, dividing. 2. A part, a fragment. f. (chā) 1. Covering, concealing. 2. An infant, a child, any young animal. E. cho to cut, or chad to cover, &c. affix ḍa.

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Chā (छा).—f. (chā) A young animal. E. cho to cut, ḍā aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chā (छा).—chāti [participle] chita (only —°) & chāta (q.v.) cut off.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cha (छ):—1. cha the 7th consonant (aspirate of the preceding).

2) 2. cha m. (√cho) dividing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a fragment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) 3. cha mfn. pure, clean, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) tremulous, unsteady, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Chā (छा):—[from cha] a f. covering, concealing (cf.chad), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a mark, sign, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] cf. chā.

9) b m. a young animal, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cha (छ):—chh. The aspirate of ca ch.

2) [(chaḥ-chā-chaṃ) a.] Pure; tremulous. 1. m. A cutting; a fragment. f. A concealing; an infant.

3) Chā (छा):—(chā) 1. f. A young animal.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cha (छ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Cha (छ) [Also spelled chh]:——the second letter of the second pentad (i.e. [cavarga]) of the Devnagri: alphabet; an allomorph of [chaha] used as the first member in a number of Hindi compound words; ~[kaḍī] a group or set of six; ~[gunā] six times; six-fold; ~[māhī] six-monthly, half-yearly.

2) Cha (छ) [Also spelled chh]:—[=छ:] , ~e, ~ah (a and nm) see [chaha].

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Cha (छ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Cha.

2) Cha (छ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ṣaṣ.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cha (ಛ):—[noun] (gen. pronounced with the vowel 'a') the twenty-first letter of Kannaḍa alphabet and the seventh consonant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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