Vida, Viḍa: 10 definitions

Introduction

Vida means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Vida (विद).—Name of a settlement (janapada) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vida (विद).—A mantrakṛt—a madhya mādhvaryu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 105; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 96.

1b) A mukhya gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 18.

1c) A Bhārgava branch.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 100.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Viḍa (विड) or Biḍa refers to “black salt”, according to the Mahābhārata Anuśāsanaparva 91.41, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We cannot see any reference to the salt in Ṛgveda. But most of the non-Ṛgvedic Saṃhitas, Brāhmaṇas and Upaniṣads refer to salt in the name of lavaṇa or saindhava. Mahābhārata refers the non-usage of viḍa (biḍa) and black salt in śrāddha ceremonies. According to Mahābhārata (Anuśāsanaparva 161.99), eating salt in the palms of one’s hands and eating salt at night should be avoided.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viḍā (विडा).—m ( H or vīṭikā S) A roll of the leaf of Piper-betel with Areca-nut, cloves, lime &c. enclosed in it. 2 The ingredients or materials of this roll collectively. viḍā ucalaṇēṃ To engage to perform a matter vaunted to be impracticable or proposed as difficult. The expression originates in a custom of throwing a wiṛa into the midst of an assembly (as of warriors, statesmen &c.) in indication of defiance or invitation to some arduous work: the person taking up the wiṛa thus intimating his acceptance of the challenge and his engagement to act. viḍā dēṇēṃ (Because the handing round of a wiṛa to any assembled company is a signal for them to separate.) To turn out of an office or an employment.

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vīḍa (वीड).—m n (viḍī A ring, or bīḍa q. v.) Measure of the wrist (for bracelets &c.) v ghē. Ex. tujhyā hātacā vīḍa majapāśīṃ asāvā. 2 Used, as well as bīḍa its derivative, in the more general sense of Measure, model, pattern.

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vīḍa (वीड).—f ē ī (Better īḍa) A lemon-tree. 2 A lemon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

viḍā (विडा).—m A roll of the leaf of Piper betel with Areca-nut, &c. viḍā ucalaṇēṃ Engage to perform a matter vaunted to be impracticable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viḍa (विड).—A fragment, bit.

Derivable forms: viḍaḥ (विडः).

See also (synonyms): viḍ.

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Viḍa (विड).—A kind of artificial salt (Mar. biḍaloṇa); Mb. 13.91.4; विडं सक्षारमूर्ध्वाधः कफवातानुलोमनम् (viḍaṃ sakṣāramūrdhvādhaḥ kaphavātānulomanam) Bhāva P.

Derivable forms: viḍam (विडम्).

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Vida (विद).—1 A learned man, wise man or Paṇḍita.

2) The planet Mercury.

-dā 1 Knowledge, learning.

2) Understanding.

Derivable forms: vidaḥ (विदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍa (विड).—n.

(-ḍaṃ) 1. Factitious salt, or salt procured by boiling soil found near the sea-shore, or any earth impregnated with saline particles. 2. A particular fetid kind of salt, used as a tonic aperient, commonly called black salt or Vit-lavan, prepared by fusing fossilesalt with a small portion of Emblic myrobalans; the produce is muriate of soda with small quantities of muriate of lime, sulphur and oxid of iron. 3. A part, a fracture, a bit. E. viḍ to divide, aff. ka .

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Vidā (विदा).—f.

(-dā) 1. Knowledge. 2. Intellect, understanding. E. vid to know, aṅ and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍa (विड).— (perhaps a dialectical form based on vi-dra, vb. 1. drā), n. 1. Factitious salt. 2. A particular kind of fetid salt. 3. A part, a bit.

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Vidā (विदा).—[vid + ā], f. Knowledge.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viḍa (विड).—[substantive] a kind of salt.

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Vida (विद).—(—°) = 2 vid.

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Vidā (विदा).—distribute.

Vidā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and (दा).

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Vidā (विदा) or Ādā.—& sam cut up, bruise, crush. — Cf. a/vatta, sama/vatta.

Vidā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and (दा).

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Vidā (विदा).—loosen.

Vidā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and (दा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viḍa (विड):—[from viḍ] mn. a kind of salt (either factitious salt, procured by boiling earth impregnated with saline particles, or a [particular] kind of fetid salt used medicinally as a tonic aperient, commonly called Vit-lavan or Bit-noben cf. viḍ-lavaṇa; it is black in colour and is prepared by fusing fossil silt with a small portion of Emblic Myrobalan, the product being muriate of soda with small quantities of muriate of lime, sulphur, and oxide of iron), [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a country and its king, [Inscriptions]

3) [v.s. ...] a fragment, bit, portion (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

4) Vida (विद):—[from vid] mfn. = [preceding] (cf. ko-, trayī-, dvi-v)

5) [v.s. ...] m. knowledge, discovery (cf. dur-v)

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a man (cf. bida).

7) Vidā (विदा):—[=vi-√dā] a [Parasmaipada] -dadāti, to give out, distribute, grant, [Rāmāyaṇa]

8) [=vi-√dā] b (or do, not separable [from] √4. ) [Parasmaipada] -dāti, or -dyati ([indeclinable participle] -ditya), to cut up, cut to pieces, bruise, pound, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā];

—to untie, release, deliver from ([ablative]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

—to destroy, [Harivaṃśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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