Atyanta, Atyamta: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Atyanta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Atyanta (अत्यन्त) refers to “extreme (agitation)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.19 (“Kāma’s destruction by Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Naradā: “[...] With pallid face and limbs, the extremely agitated daughter of the king of mountains returned to her palace taking the maids along with her. Due to the misery on account of the death of her husband, Rati fell down unconscious, as if dead. When she regained consciousness after a while, Rati in her great agitation [i.e., atyanta-vihvalā] lamented loudly and said:—[...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Buddhist philosophy

Source: Google Books: The Treasury of Knowledge: Book six, parts one and two

Atyanta (अत्यन्त) or Atyantaparokṣa refers to “(appraisable objects that are indirectly evident to) an extreme degree” representing one of the three types of prameya (“appraisable objects”).—Accordingly, “The terms ‘object’ (viṣaya; yul), ‘knowable’ (jñeya; shes bya), and ‘appraisable’ (prameya; gzhal bya) are all essentially equivalent, [...] it is the defining characteristic of the ‘appraisable’ that it is to be understood through valid cognition”. When objects to be appraised (prameya) are analyzed in terms of the processes of understanding, they are said to include both specifically characterized phenomena and generally characterized phenomena. Alternatively, they fall into three [categories]—[i.e., appraisable objects that are indirectly evident to an extreme degree (atyanta-parokṣa; shin tu lkog gyur), ...]”.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Atyanta (अत्यन्त) refers to “absolutely”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (69) Since they are always concentrated in universal sameness (samatā), their minds (manas) are similar to the realm of the dharma (dharmadhātu). Their thoughts are absolutely dissociated (atyanta-vivikta), but they still manifest it. The wise meditate on everything, but they are not attached to anything. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Atyanta (अत्यन्त) or atyantaśūnyatā refers to “endless emptiness” one of the “twenty emptinesses” (śūnyatā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 41). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., atyanta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Atyanta (अत्यन्त) refers to “endless (non-attachment)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This [virtuous meditation] confers upon corporeal souls the pleasure, produced from the tranquillity of discrimination because of endless non-attachment (atyanta-nirveda), which is the experience of one’s own self [and] is beyond the senses”.

2) Atyanta (अत्यन्त) refers to “absolutely (eternal)”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “If the body were extraordinary or absolutely eternal (atyanta-śāśvata), then on account of [that] it is suitable to do a despicable action for the sake of it”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atyanta (अत्यंत).—ad (S) Extremely, excessively, very much.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

atyanta (अत्यंत).—ad Extremely, very much.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atyanta (अत्यन्त).—a. [atikrāntaḥ antaṃ sīmāṃ nāśam]

1) Excessive, much, very great or strong; °वैरम् (vairam) great enmity; °मैत्री (maitrī); °हिमोत्किरानिलाः (himotkirānilāḥ) Kumārasambhava 5.26.

2) Complete, perfect, absolute; °अभावः (abhāvaḥ) absolute non-existence; See below.

3) Endless, perpetual, permanent, everlasting, uninterrupted, unbroken; किं वा तवात्यन्तवियोग- मोघे हतजीविते (kiṃ vā tavātyantaviyoga- moghe hatajīvite) R.14.65; भवत्यजरमत्यन्तम् (bhavatyajaramatyantam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.151; यो बन्धनवधक्लेशान् प्राणिनां न चिकीर्षति । स सर्वस्य हितप्रेप्सुः सुखम- त्यन्तमश्नुते (yo bandhanavadhakleśān prāṇināṃ na cikīrṣati | sa sarvasya hitaprepsuḥ sukhama- tyantamaśnute) || Manusmṛti 5.46; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6.28; कस्यात्यन्तं सुखमुपनतम् (kasyātyantaṃ sukhamupanatam) Meghadūta 111. नायमत्यन्तसंवासो लभ्यते येन केनचित् (nāyamatyantasaṃvāso labhyate yena kenacit) H.4.73.

-tam ind.

1) Exceedingly, excessively, very much, to the highest degree; स्थायीभवति चात्यन्तं रङ्गः शुक्लपटे यथा (sthāyībhavati cātyantaṃ raṅgaḥ śuklapaṭe yathā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.33; स्तनंधयोऽत्यन्तशिशुः स्तनादिव (stanaṃdhayo'tyantaśiśuḥ stanādiva) Mu.4.14. very young.

2) For ever, to the end (of life), through life; अत्यन्तमात्मसटृशेक्षणवल्लभाभिराहो निवत्स्यति (atyantamātmasaṭṛśekṣaṇavallabhābhirāho nivatsyati) Ś1.26 For all time, in perpetuity; सा चात्यन्तमदर्शनं नयनयोर्याता (sā cātyantamadarśanaṃ nayanayoryātā) V.4.9; oft. in comp.; °गता (gatā) See below; प्रियमत्यन्त- विलुप्तदर्शनम् (priyamatyanta- viluptadarśanam) Kumārasambhava 4.2. For ever lost to view; R.14.3;

3) Absolutely, perfectly, completely.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyanta (अत्यन्त).—mfn. or adv. n.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) Much, excessive. E. ati beyond, and anta end or boundary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyanta (अत्यन्त).—i. e. ati-anta, adj., f. . 1. Excessive, very large. 2. Endless, perpetual, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 46; eternal. acc. sing. tam, adv. 1. very much. 2. for ever, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 202.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyanta (अत्यन्त).—[adjective] reaching to the end, uninterrupted, continual, thorough, complete, absolute. ° & [neuter] to the end, through life, for ever, continually, throughout, thoroughly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atyanta (अत्यन्त):—[=aty-anta] mfn. beyond the proper end or limit

2) [v.s. ...] excessive, very great, very strong

3) [v.s. ...] endless, unbroken, perpetual

4) [v.s. ...] absolute, perfect

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyanta (अत्यन्त):—I. [tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntam) 1) Excessive, very much, very far.

2) Complete, thorough.

3) Uninterrupted, continual (in space or time). Ii. Avyayībh.

(-ntam) 1) Excessively.

2) Completely.

3) Always, continually. E. ati (sc. krānta) and anta (in the sense of the accusative).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atyanta (अत्यन्त):—[atya+nta] (ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) a. Much.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Atyanta (अत्यन्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Accaṃta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atyanta in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Atyaṃta (ಅತ್ಯಂತ):—

1) [adjective] (the superlative form of the adj. ಅತಿ [ati] meaning 'of very high degree' or 'beyond the proper end or limit, as in) very great or trifling; very high or low; very strong or weak; very good or bad.

2) [adjective] absolute; perfect.

3) [adjective] endless.

4) [adjective] beyond toleration or very comforting.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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