Ashvatthama, Aśvatthāmā: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Ashvatthama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśvatthāmā can be transliterated into English as Asvatthama or Ashvatthama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ashvatthama in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Aśvatthāmā (अश्वत्थामा).—Birth and genealogy. The semen of Bharadvāja Ṛṣi fell into the hollow of a bamboo and from there was born Droṇa. As per the instructions of his father Droṇa married Kṛpī, daughter of the sage, Śāradvata. The good-natured Kṛpī gave birth to Aśvatthāmā. (See under Droṇa for genealogy). (Chapter 130, Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata) (See full article at Story of Aśvatthāmā from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Aśvatthāmā (अश्वत्थामा).—Indravarmā, King of Mālava, had an elephant of this name and it was killed in the battle by Bhīmasena. (Śloka 15, Chapter 190, Droṇa Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Aśvatthāmā (अश्वत्थामा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.90, I.63, I.61.67) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aśvatthāmā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Ashvatthama in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Aśvatthāmā (अश्वत्थामा) refers to:—The son of the great military chief Dronācārya who fought on the side of the Kauravas in the Battle of Kurukṣetra. He murdered the sleeping sons of the Pāṇḍavas and tried to murder the Pāṇḍava heir, Parīkṣit, in his mother’s womb. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashvatthama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśvatthāma (अश्वत्थाम):—[=aśva-tthāma] [from aśva] a See ss.vv. below.

2) [from aśva] b mfn. (for aśva-sth) having the strength of a horse, [Patañjali]

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashvatthama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashvatthama in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aśvatthāma (ಅಶ್ವತ್ಥಾಮ):—

1) [noun] the power exerted by a horse in pulling; horse-power.

2) [noun] a celebrated hero in the epic Mahābhārata.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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