Ashvaratna, Aśvaratna, Ashva-ratna: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Ashvaratna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśvaratna can be transliterated into English as Asvaratna or Ashvaratna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Aśvaratna (अश्वरत्न) is the name of a deity or entity to which is given homage to [i.e., oṃ laṃ aśvaratnāya namaḥ], according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ashvaratna in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Aśvaratna (अश्वरत्न) refers to the “horse-jewel”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]— [...] (7). The Buddha has no loss of zeal. [...] In the horse-jewel (aśvaratna), even if it has arrived at its destination, the desire to go forward never ceases and persists until death. It is the same for the Buddha-Jewel. When the great fire at the end of the kalpa (mahākalpoddāha) has burned and consumed the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadhātu, the power of fire has not disappeared. It is the same for the fire of the Buddha’s wisdom: when he has burned up all the passions (kleśa) and illumined all things, the zeal associated with this wisdom (prajñā-saṃprayukta-chanda) is not extinguished. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ashvaratna in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Aśvaratna (अश्वरत्न) or simply Aśva refers to the “horse jewel” and represents the second of the “seven jewels of universal monarchs” (saptaratna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 85). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., aśva-ratna). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashvaratna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvaratna (अश्वरत्न).—the best or lord of horses; i. e. उच्चैःश्रवस् (uccaiḥśravas).

Derivable forms: aśvaratnam (अश्वरत्नम्).

Aśvaratna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aśva and ratna (रत्न). See also (synonyms): aśvarāja.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvaratna (अश्वरत्न):—[=aśva-ratna] [from aśva] n. a jewel of a h°orse (one of the 7 treasures of a Cakra-vartin), [Dharmasaṃgraha 85]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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