Arupa, Arūpa, Arūpā: 23 definitions


Arupa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Arup.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Arūpa (अरूप) refers to the “formless” and is used to describe Śiva, in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] Obeisance to the formless (arūpa) Being of immense form, the great, of unlimited power, the lord of the three worlds, the witness of all and all-pervasive”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Arūpā (अरूपा).—One of Dakṣa’s daughters. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 46).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Arūpa (अरूप).—A mantrakṛt.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 97.

1b) The people of a Janapada on the other side of the Vindhyas. (anūpas—vā. p.).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 54; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 134.

2) Arūpā (अरूपा).—A daughter of Riṣṭa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 48.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Arūpa (अरूप) refers to the “formless”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Abandon (both) form (rūpa) and the formless [i.e., arūpa]. Practice what is beyond form. All this (divine body) is in the form of a container (of the supreme state). It is the radiant energy which is all things. One who desires the (supreme) good should abandon everything. It is as useless as rotten meat. O god, there is nothing at all (of deity) in the navel, heart, mouth, and nose, nothing at all between the eyebrows, forehead, in the middle of the palate, or within the uvula, head and eyes. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

Absence of matter.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

In Jainism, 'arupi' stands for 'non-material'. Probably the same as arupa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Arupa in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Triticum aestivum from the Poaceae (Grass) family. For the possible medicinal usage of arupa, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Arupa in India is the name of a plant defined with Triticum aestivum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Zeia vulgaris var. aestiva (L.) Lunell (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Enciclopedia Argentina de Agricultura y Jardineria (1959)
· Systema Vegetabilium. Editio decima tertia (1774)
· Flora Helvetica (1828)
· Grasses of Ceylon (1956)
· Taxon (2000)
· La flore adventice de Montpellier (1912)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Arupa, for example side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

arūpa : (adj.) formless; incorporeal; non-substantial.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Arūpa, (adj.) (a + rūpa) without form or body, incorporeal, D. I, 195 sq. ; III, 240; Sn. 755; It. 62; Sdhp. 228, 463, 480. See details under rūpa.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arupa (अरुप).—a S (Poetry.) Void of figure or form;--used of Brahma, air, sound &c. Ex. a0 tēṃ rupāsa ālēṃ ||

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arūpa (अरूप).—a.

1) Formless, shapeless.

2) Ugly, deformed.

3) Dissimilar, unlike.

-pam 1 A bad or ugly figure. तामरूपामसतीं भक्षयिष्यामि मानुषीम् (tāmarūpāmasatīṃ bhakṣayiṣyāmi mānuṣīm) Rām

2) The Pradhāna of the Sāṅkhyas and Brahman of the Vedāntins.

4) Not possessed of द्रव्य (dravya) and देवता (devatā); अरूपः शब्दः श्रूयमाणः (arūpaḥ śabdaḥ śrūyamāṇaḥ) &c. ŚB. on MS.4.4.1. (It may be observed that dravya and devatā form the rūpa or form of a sacrifice).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ārūpa (आरूप).—nt. (= ārūpya; compare ārūpin), formlessness: Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 312.8(—9) ārūpya-rūpaṃ hy ārūpair…(9) rūpaṃ darśyanti sattvānāṃ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arūpa (अरूप).—mfn.

(-paḥ-pā-pī-paṃ) 1. Formless, shapeless. 2. Ugly. ill formed, mishapen. 3. Dissimilar, unlike. E. a neg. rūpa beauty.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arūpa (अरूप).—adj., f. , disfigured, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 23, 43.

Arūpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and rūpa (रूप).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arūpa (अरूप).—[adjective] shapeless, ill formed, ugly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arūpa (अरूप):—[=a-rūpa] mf(ā)n. formless, shapeless, [Pbr.; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad]

2) [v.s. ...] ugly, ill-formed, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] emancipation (= nirvāṇa), [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 137]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arūpa (अरूप):—[a-rūpa] (paḥ-pā-paṃ) a. Ugly.

2) [(paḥ-pā-paṃ) a.] Unseen, invisible.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Arūpa (अरूप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Arūva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arupa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Arūpa (अरूप) [Also spelled arup]:—(a) formless.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Arūpa (ಅರೂಪ):—[adjective] having no shape or form; formless; shapeless.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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