Arupa, Arūpa, Arūpā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Arupa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Arūpa (अरूप) refers to the “formless” and is used to describe Śiva, in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] Obeisance to the formless (arūpa) Being of immense form, the great, of unlimited power, the lord of the three worlds, the witness of all and all-pervasive”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Arūpā (अरूपा).—One of Dakṣa’s daughters. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 46).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Arūpa (अरूप).—A mantrakṛt.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 97.

1b) The people of a Janapada on the other side of the Vindhyas. (anūpas—vā. p.).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 54; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 134.

2) Arūpā (अरूपा).—A daughter of Riṣṭa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 48.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

Absence of matter.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

In Jainism, 'arupi' stands for 'non-material'. Probably the same as arupa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

arūpa : (adj.) formless; incorporeal; non-substantial.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Arūpa, (adj.) (a + rūpa) without form or body, incorporeal, D. I, 195 sq. ; III, 240; Sn. 755; It. 62; Sdhp. 228, 463, 480. See details under rūpa.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arupa (अरुप).—a S (Poetry.) Void of figure or form;--used of Brahma, air, sound &c. Ex. a0 tēṃ rupāsa ālēṃ ||

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arūpa (अरूप).—a.

1) Formless, shapeless.

2) Ugly, deformed.

3) Dissimilar, unlike.

-pam 1 A bad or ugly figure. तामरूपामसतीं भक्षयिष्यामि मानुषीम् (tāmarūpāmasatīṃ bhakṣayiṣyāmi mānuṣīm) Rām

2) The Pradhāna of the Sāṅkhyas and Brahman of the Vedāntins.

4) Not possessed of द्रव्य (dravya) and देवता (devatā); अरूपः शब्दः श्रूयमाणः (arūpaḥ śabdaḥ śrūyamāṇaḥ) &c. ŚB. on MS.4.4.1. (It may be observed that dravya and devatā form the rūpa or form of a sacrifice).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ārūpa (आरूप).—nt. (= ārūpya; compare ārūpin), formlessness: Laṅk 312.8(—9) ārūpya-rūpaṃ hy ārūpair…(9) rūpaṃ darśyanti sattvānāṃ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arūpa (अरूप).—mfn.

(-paḥ-pā-pī-paṃ) 1. Formless, shapeless. 2. Ugly. ill formed, mishapen. 3. Dissimilar, unlike. E. a neg. rūpa beauty.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arūpa (अरूप).—[adjective] shapeless, ill formed, ugly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arūpa (अरूप):—[=a-rūpa] mf(ā)n. formless, shapeless, [Pbr.; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad]

2) [v.s. ...] ugly, ill-formed, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] emancipation (= nirvāṇa), [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 137]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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