Arupa, aka: Arūpa, Arūpā; 8 Definition(s)


Arupa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Arūpā (अरूपा).—One of Dakṣa’s daughters. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 46).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Arūpa (अरूप).—A mantrakṛt.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 97.

1b) The people of a Janapada on the other side of the Vindhyas. (anūpas—vā. p.).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 54; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 134.

2) Arūpā (अरूपा).—A daughter of Riṣṭa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 48.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Absence of matter.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

In Jainism, 'arupi' stands for 'non-material'. Probably the same as arupa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Arupa in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

arūpa : (adj.) formless; incorporeal; non-substantial.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Arūpa, (adj.) (a + rūpa) without form or body, incorporeal, D. I, 195 sq. ; III, 240; Sn. 755; It. 62; Sdhp. 228, 463, 480. See details under rūpa.

—âvacara the realm or world of Formlessness, Dhs. 1281—1285; Ps. I, 83 sq. , 101. —kāyika belonging to the group of formless beings Miln. 317 (devā). —ṭhāyin standing in or being founded on the Formless It. 62. —taṇhā “thirst" for the Formless D. III, 216. —dhātu the element or sphere of the Incoporeal (as one of the 3 dhātus rūpa°, arūpa°, nirodha°; see dhātu) D. III, 215, 275; It. 45. —bhava formless existence D. III, 216. —loka the world of the Formless, Sdhp. 494. —saññin not having the idea of form D. II, 110; III, 260; Exp. I. 252. (Page 78)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

arupa (अरुप).—a S (Poetry.) Void of figure or form;--used of Brahma, air, sound &c. Ex. a0 tēṃ rupāsa ālēṃ ||

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arūpa (अरूप).—a.

1) Formless, shapeless.

2) Ugly, deformed.

3) Dissimilar, unlike.

-pam 1 A bad or ugly figure. तामरूपामसतीं भक्षयिष्यामि मानुषीम् (tāmarūpāmasatīṃ bhakṣayiṣyāmi mānuṣīm) Rām

2) The Pradhāna of the Sāṅkhyas and Brahman of the Vedāntins.

4) Not possessed of द्रव्य (dravya) and देवता (devatā); अरूपः शब्दः श्रूयमाणः (arūpaḥ śabdaḥ śrūyamāṇaḥ) &c. ŚB. on MS.4.4.1. (It may be observed that dravya and devatā form the rūpa or form of a sacrifice).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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