Akra, Ākra: 8 definitions


Akra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Akra (अक्र) (lit. “one who is inactive”) is a synonym (another name) for the Horse (Aśva), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Akra in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Solanum erianthum D. Don from the Solanaceae (Potato) family having the following synonyms: Solanum verbascifolium var. adulterinum. For the possible medicinal usage of akra, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Akra [आकरा] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Vicia sativa subsp. sativa from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Vicia obcordata, Vicia communis, Vicia bacla, Vicia nemoralis.

Akra [अकरा] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Strobilanthes lupulina T. Anders. from the Acanthaceae (Acanthus) family having the following synonyms: Strobilanthes lupulinus, Nilgirianthus lupulinus, Ruellia lupulina.

Akra [अकरा] in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Strobilanthes heyneanus Nees from the Acanthaceae (Acanthus) family having the following synonyms: Nilgirianthus heyneanus.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Akra in India is the name of a plant defined with Calotropis gigantea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Madorius giganteus (L.) Kuntze (among others).

2) Akra is also identified with Calotropis procera It has the synonym Madorius procerus Kuntze (etc.).

3) Akra is also identified with Vicia sativa It has the synonym Vicia sativa subsp. cordata (Wulfen ex Hoppe) Asch. & Graebn. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Lathyrogens.
· Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (1830)
· Reise Russland (1774)
· Nepal Med. Coll. J. (2006)
· Species Plantarum, ed. 4
· Proteins and Amino Acids. (1989)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Akra, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of akra in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akra (अक्र).—a. (Ved.) [अञ्च् गतौ-रक् (añc gatau-rak)]

1) Inactive, steady, firm (sthira).

2) Bootless, profitless.

-kraḥ A fortification or rampart (prakāra); banner (?); Nir.6.17.

--- OR ---

Ākra (आक्र).—1. U.

1) To go towards or near, approach; अन्तरिक्षम्, आश्रमम् (antarikṣam, āśramam) &c.

2) To step or tread upon; आ वो मूर्धानमक्रमीम् (ā vo mūrdhānamakramīm) Ṛgveda 1.166.5; enter, fill, take possession of, cover, भुजगपतिरयं मे मार्गमाक्रम्यं मे मार्गमाक्रम्य सुप्तः (bhujagapatirayaṃ me mārgamākramyaṃ me mārgamākramya suptaḥ) Mṛcchakaṭika 9.12 covering; खं केशवोऽपर इवाक्रमितुं प्रवृत्तः (khaṃ keśavo'para ivākramituṃ pravṛttaḥ) 5.2; छायामप्याक्रमितुम् (chāyāmapyākramitum) Ve.3; Śiśupālavadha 8.28 to enter or cross; Manusmṛti 4.13; Y.1.152; पदा मस्तकमाक्रम्य (padā mastakamākramya) Manusmṛti 11.43; जम्बुद्वीपमाक्रम्य (jambudvīpamākramya) H.3; आक्रामति धूमो हर्म्यतलम् (ākrāmati dhūmo harmyatalam) Mahābhārata and Kāśi. on P.1.3.4.

3) To occupy, extend over; योजनानां सहस्राणि बहूनाक्रम्य तिष्ठति (yojanānāṃ sahasrāṇi bahūnākramya tiṣṭhati) Kathāsaritsāgara 1.15.

4) To attack, invade, seize, fall upon, conquer, overcome, vanquish; पक्षिशावकानाक्रम्य (pakṣiśāvakānākramya) H.1; सर्वस्वं ग्रसते बन्धु- राक्रम्य ज्ञातिभावतः (sarvasvaṃ grasate bandhu- rākramya jñātibhāvataḥ) 2.97; पौरस्त्यानेवमाक्रामंस्तांस्ताञ्जनपदाञ्जयी (paurastyānevamākrāmaṃstāṃstāñjanapadāñjayī) R.4.34; H.4; तं न (taṃ na) ... शेकुराक्रमितुमन्यपार्थिवाः (śekurākramitumanyapārthivāḥ) R.19.48; Śiśupālavadha 1.7.

5) To surpass, excel, eclipse.

6) To undertake, begin, commence.

7) (Ā.) To rise, come up (as the sun); यावत्प्रतापनिधिराक्रमते न भानुः (yāvatpratāpanidhirākramate na bhānuḥ) R.5.71, आक्रमते सूर्यः (ākramate sūryaḥ) Mahābhārata on P.I.3.4.

8) To ascend, mount, occupy (as sky, throne &c.); अजो नाकमा क्रमतां तृतीयम् (ajo nākamā kramatāṃ tṛtīyam) Av.9.5.1. दिवमाक्रममाणेव (divamākramamāṇeva) Bhaṭṭikāvya 8.23; Śiśupālavadha 18.14,51; सिंहासनम्°, स्वर्गलोकम्° (siṃhāsanam°, svargalokam°); ध्वजम्° (dhvajam°) &c.

9) to lie heavily upon, to press (as a load). (For further illustrations of the several senses see ākrānta below). -Caus. (kra-krā-mayati) To cause to enter, introduce, show into; स तैराक्रमयामास शुद्धान्तम् (sa tairākramayāmāsa śuddhāntam) Kumārasambhava 6.52.

Derivable forms: ākram (आक्रम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akra (अक्र).—1. [adjective] inactive.

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Akra (अक्र).—2. [masculine] banner, flag.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Akra (अक्र):—[=a-kra] 1. a-kra mfn. (√kṛ), inactive, [Ṛg-veda i, 120, 2.]

2) 2. akra m. a banner, [Ṛg-veda]

3) a wall, fence (prākāra), according to Durga on [Nirukta, by Yāska vi, 17.]

4) 2 ([according to] to some also) a horse, [Ṛg-veda]

[Sanskrit to German]

Akra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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