Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 386,194 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It is a collection of various narratives. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (third part, khandhaka) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar to the I...

Carrying out by a fourfold Order, etc.

Kd.9.4.1 “Five (kinds of) Orders: a fourfold Order of monks, a fivefold Order of monks, a tenfold Order of monks, a twentyfold Order of monks, an Order of monks that is more than twenty-fold. In the case, monks, of an Order of monks being fourfold, it is entitled (to take part) in all (formal) acts, if by rule, if it is BD.4.458 complete, excepting three (formal) acts: ordination,[1] invitation,[2] rehabilitation.[3] In the case, monks, of an Order of monks being fivefold, it is entitled (to take part) in all (formal) acts, if by rule, if it is complete, excepting two (formal) acts: ordination in the middle districts,[4] rehabilitation. In the case, monks, of an Order of monks being tenfold, it is entitled (to take part) in all (formal) acts, if by rule, if it is complete, excepting one (formal) act: rehabilitation. In the case, monks of an Order of monks being twentyfold, it is entitled (to take part) in all (formal) acts, if by rule, if it is complete. In the case, monks, of an Order of monks being more than twentyfold, Vin.1.320 it is entitled (to take part) in all (formal) acts, if by rule, if it is complete.

Carrying out by a Fourfold (Order)

Kd.9.4.2 “If, monks, a fourfold Order, carrying out a (formal) act, should carry out the (formal) act with a nun as the fourth (member), then it is not a (formal) act and ought not to be carried out. If, monks, a fourfold Order, carrying out a (formal) act, should carry out the (formal) act with a probationer as the fourth (member) … with a novice … with a woman novice … with a disavower of the training[5] … with one who has committed an extreme offence … with one who is suspended for not seeing an offence … with one who is suspended for not making amends for an offence … with one who is suspended for not giving up a wrong view … with a eunuch … with one living in communion as it were by theft[6]… with one who has gone over to a sect[7] … with an animal … with a matricide … with a parricide … with a slayer of ones perfected … with a seducer of a nun … with a schismatic … with a shedder of (a tathāgata’s) blood … with a hermaphrodite … with one belonging to a different communion … with one staying in a different boundary … with one standing above the BD.4.459 ground[8] by psychic potency … with one against whom an Order is carrying out a (formal) act as the fourth (member), it is not a (formal) act and ought not to be carried out.

Carrying out by a Fivefold (Order)

Kd.9.4.3“If, monks, a fivefold (Order), carrying out a (formal) act, should carry out the (formal) act with a nun as the fifth (member) … with one against whom the Order is carrying out a (formal) act as the fifth (member), it is not a (formal) act and ought not to be carried out.

Carrying out by a Tenfold (Order)

Kd.9.4.4“If, monks, a tenfold (Order), carrying out a (formal) act, should carry out the (formal) act with a nun as the tenth (member) … with one against whom the Order is carrying out a (formal) act as the tenth (member), it is not a (formal) act and ought not to be carried out.

Carrying out by a Twentyfold (Order)

Kd.9.4.5“If, monks, a twentyfold Order, carrying out a (formal) act, should carry out the (formal) act with a nun as the twentieth (member) … with one against whom the Order is carrying out a (formal) act as the twentieth (member), it is not a (formal) act and ought not to be carried out.

Footnotes and references:

1.

See Vin.1.58. At Vin.4.130 if a monk wants to ordain an individual and looks about for a group, he incurs an offence of wrong-doing.

2.

See Kd.4.5.2 where monks, if they number only four, are allowed to invite one another, but where they are five (Kd.4.5.1) they should invite in an Order.

3.

See BD.3.28, n.4, and also BD.1.328.

4.

In bordering districts a “group” (i.e. here four monks) may ordain with an expert on Vinaya as the fifth officiating monk, Vin.1.197.

5.

For the following sequence of terms, down to hermaphrodite, cf. Vin.1.121. Vin.1.135, Vin.1.167, and above, BD.4.160.

6.

At Vin.1.86 not to be ordained.

7.

At Vin.1.86 not to be ordained.

8.

On vehāsa, as “above the ground”, see BD.1.79, n.5.

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