Vinaya Pitaka (1): The Analysis of Monks’ Rules (Bhikkhu-vibhanga)

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 345,334 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Bhikkhu-vibhanga: the first part of the Suttavibhanga, which itself is the first book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It is a collection of rules for Buddhist monks. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (first part, bhikkhu-vibhanga) contains many...

Monks’ Expiation (Pācittiya) 30

Bu-Pc.30.1.1 BD.2.300 … at Sāvatthī in the Jeta Grove in Anāthapiṇḍika’s monastery. Now at that time the former wife of the venerable Udāyin[1] had gone forth among the nuns. She frequently came to the venerable Udāyin, and the venerable Udāyin frequently went to this nun. Now at one time the venerable Udāyin was sitting down in a private place together with this nun, the one with the other.[2] Those who were modest monks … spread it about, saying:

“How can the venerable Udāyin sit down in a private place together with a nun, the one with the other?” …

“Is it true, as is said, that you, Udāyin, sat down in a private place together with a nun, the one with the other?”

“It is true, lord.”

The enlightened one, the lord, rebuked him, saying:

“How can you, foolish man, sit down in a private place together with a nun, the one with the other? It is not, foolish man, for pleasing those who are not (yet) pleased … And thus, monks, this rule of training should be set forth:

Whatever monk should sit down in a private place together with a nun, the one with the other, there is an offence of expiation.”[3]


Bu-Pc.30.2.1 Whatever means: … is monk to be understood in this case.

Nun means: one ordained by both Orders.

BD.2.301 Together with means: together.

The one with the other means: there is a monk and also a nun. Vin.4.69

A private place means: private from the eye, private from the ear. Private from the eye means: if covering the eye, or raising the eyebrow, or raising the head, he is unable to see. Private from the ear means: it is impossible to hear ordinary talk[4] (from him and the woman).

Should sit down means: if a nun is sitting and a monk comes to be sitting or lying down close (to her), there is an offence of expiation; if a monk is sitting and a nun comes to be sitting or lying down close (to him), there is an offence of expiation. Or if both are sitting or if both are lying down, there is an offence of expiation.[5]


Bu-Pc.30.2.2 If he thinks that it is a private place when it is a private place (and) sits down, the one with the other, there is an offence of expiation. If he is in doubt as to whether it is a private place … If he thinks that it is not a private place when it is a private place … is an offence of expiation. If he thinks that it is a private place when it is not a private place, there is an offence of wrong-doing. If he is in doubt as to whether it is not a private place, there is an offence of wrong-doing. If he thinks that it is not a private place when it is not a private place, there is no offence.


Bu-Pc.30.2.3 There is no offence if some learned friend comes to be (present); if he stands, does not sit; if he is not desirous of a private place; if he sits down thinking about something else[6]; if he is mad, if he is the first wrong-doer.[7]

The Tenth

BD.2.302 This is its key:

Not agreed upon, the setting sun,
quarters, gain, because of a gift, he sews,
A high-road, a boat, should eat, the
one with the other: these ten.

The Third Division: that on Exhortation

Footnotes and references:

1.

Mentioned in Bu-Ss.2Bu-Ss.5, to which Vin-a.809 refers, always in connection with women. In both Aniyatas, he is discovered sitting in private with a lay woman. Opening phrases of this pācittiya = Bu-NP.4.

2.

eko ekāya.

4.

Cf. BD.1.332, and below, BD.2.358, BD.2.361.

5.

Cf. below, BD.2.358, BD.2.361.

6.

aññāvihita.

7.

Cf. below, BD.2.358, and Vin.4.269.